Publications by authors named "Karel C Kuypers"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pseudomyxoma Peritonei After a Total Pancreatectomy for Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm With Colloid Carcinoma in Lynch Syndrome.

Pancreas 2019 01;48(1):135-138

Radiology, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands.

We report a case of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) arising in a 62-year-old male patient with Lynch syndrome (LS). The patient's medical history included an adenocarcinoma of the colon for which a right hemicolectomy was performed and a pancreatectomy due to an intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with invasive colloid carcinoma. It was considered that the PMP could be a metastasis of the earlier colonic or pancreatic carcinoma. The pancreatic carcinoma, colon carcinoma, and PMP tissues were examined, and immunohistochemical and molecular analyses were performed to determine the PMP origin. Histopathologic examination revealed morphological similarities with the pancreatic colloid carcinoma, and further immunohistochemical and molecular analyses, including a shared GNAS mutation, confirmed the pancreatic origin of the PMP. In conclusion, this is a unique case of a patient with LS presenting with PMP originating from an IPMN with invasive colloid carcinoma, several years after pancreatectomy. The present case has important diagnostic implications. The IPMN should be considered as a rare extracolonic manifestation of LS, and pancreatic carcinoma origin should be considered in patients presenting with PMP. This case report highlights the added value of molecular diagnostics in daily pathology practice.
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January 2019

Magnetic resonance enterography findings of a gastrocolic fistula in Crohn's disease.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2016 Aug;6(4):482-485

Department of Radiology, Sint Antonius Ziekenhuis, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.

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August 2016

The Effects of Instrumentation on Urine Cytology and CK-20 Analysis for the Detection of Bladder Cancer.

Urology 2015 Oct 9;86(4):772-6. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

Department of Urology, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of cystoscopy on urine cytology and additional cytokeratin-20 (CK-20) staining in patients presenting with gross hematuria.

Patients And Methods: For 83 patients presenting with gross hematuria, spontaneous and instrumented paired urine samples were analyzed. Three patients were excluded. Spontaneous samples were collected within 1 hour before cystoscopy, and the instrumented samples were tapped through the cystoscope. Subsequently, patients underwent cystoscopic evaluation and imaging of the urinary tract. If tumor suspicious lesions were found on cystoscopy or imaging, subjects underwent transurethral resection or ureterorenoscopy. Two blinded uropathological reviewers (DB, KK) evaluated 160 urine samples. Reference standards were results of cystoscopy, imaging, or histopathology.

Results: Thirty-seven patients (46.3%) underwent transurethral resection or ureterorenoscopy procedures. In 30 patients (37.5%) tumor presence was confirmed by histopathology. The specificity of urine analysis was significantly higher for spontaneous samples than instrumented samples for both cytology alone (94% vs 72%, P = .01) and for cytology combined with CK-20 analysis (98% vs 84%, P = .02). The difference in sensitivity between spontaneous and instrumented samples was not significant for both cytology alone (40% vs 53%) and combined with CK-20 analysis (67% vs 67%). The addition of CK-20 analysis to cytology significantly increases test sensitivity in spontaneous urine cytology (67% vs 40%, P = .03).

Conclusion: Instrumentation significantly decreases specificity of urine cytology. This may lead to unnecessary diagnostic procedures. Additional CK-20 staining in spontaneous urine cytology significantly increases sensitivity but did not improve the already high specificity. We suggest performing urine cytology and CK-20 analysis on spontaneously voided urine.
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October 2015

Severe hepatic side effects of ezetimibe.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006 Jul 22;4(7):908-11. Epub 2006 Jun 22.

Department of Gastroenterology, St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.

Background And Aims: Ezetimibe was introduced recently as a new class of cholesterol-lowering drugs. Until now only limited increases of transaminase levels were reported.

Methods: We studied 2 patients with severe hepatic side effects of ezetimibe in a general community hospital.

Results: Ezetimibe may lead to 2 distinct types of severe hepatic side effects.

Conclusions: Ezetimibe may rarely cause hepatotoxicity, severe cholestatic hepatitis, or acute autoimmune hepatitis.
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July 2006