Publications by authors named "Kaori Sakuma"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of early high nutrition related to metabolic imprinting events on growth, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of grass-fed Wagyu (Japanese Black cattle).

J Anim Sci 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 899-0065, Japan.

The study was conducted to clarify how early high plane of nutrition related to metabolic imprinting affected growth, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of grass-fed Wagyu (Japanese Black cattle). Wagyu steers were allocated randomly into two dietary groups: 1) steers fed milk replacer (crude protein 26.0%, crude fat 25.5%; maximum intake 0.6 kg/d) until 3 mo of age and then fed roughage (orchard grass hay) ad libitum from 4 to 10 mo of age (roughage group, RG; n = 11); 2) steers fed milk replacer (maximum intake of 1.8 kg per day) until 3 mo of age and then fed a high-concentrate diet from 4 to 10 mo of age (early high nutrition, EHN; n = 12). After 11 mo of age, all steers were fed roughage ad libitum until 31 mo of age and then slaughtered. Growth performance, carcass traits, longissimus muscle (LM) meat quality and intramuscular fat (IMF) content, plasma Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentration, and bone mineral density were measured. Body weight was greater in EHN steers (571 kg) than RG steers (520 kg; P < 0.01). Plasma IGF-I levels were higher in EHN steers than in RG steers at 3, 10, and 14 mo of age (P < 0.01, P < 0.005, P < 0.001, respectively); however, plasma IGF-I levels were lower in EHN steers compared to RG steers at 30 mo of age (P < 0.01). The total weight of the muscles and bones of the left half of the carcass were not different between the two groups (P = 0.065). Five of the 19 muscles investigated (semimembranosus, P = 0.036; infraspinatus, P = 0.024; supraspinatus, P = 0.0019; serratus ventralis cervicis, P = 0.032; serratus ventralis thoracis, P = 0.027) were heavier in EHN steers. Total fat weight in the left half of the carcass was 30% greater (P = 0.025) in HNE carcasses. Subcutaneous and perirenal fat weights were 53% and 84% greater (P = 0.008, P = 0.002, respectively) in EHN carcasses. The LM IMF content was greater in EHN loins (13.2%) compared to RG loins (9.4%) at 31 mo of age (P = 0.038); however, no differences were found for shear force, tenderness, and cook loss. These results suggested early high-nutrition affected the growth and meat quality of livestock.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skab123DOI Listing
May 2021

Pathological tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy using anthracycline and taxanes in patients with triple-negative breast cancer.

Exp Ther Med 2011 Mar 20;2(2):257-264. Epub 2011 Jan 20.

Department of Pathology, and Divisions of.

Although triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with a poor prognosis, recent reports have indicated that a higher proportion of TNBC patients shows a pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) than is the case for non-TNBC patients. The aim of this study was to identify markers that predict pCR to NAC in TNBC patients, and to clarify prognostic factors that affect the outcome of TNBC patients with residual disease (RD) after NAC. Among 44 TNBC patients who received anthracycline- and taxane-based combination NAC, we analyzed the relationship between pathological response and clinicopathological characteristics, including immunohistochemical parameters (cytokeratin 5/6, epidermal growth factor receptor, Ki-67, p53, breast cancer susceptibility protein 1 and topoisomerase IIα). We also assessed the prognostic impact on patients with RD by analyzing the correlation between disease-free survival (DFS) and clinicopathological parameters. Sixteen patients (36%) achieved a pCR and log-rank test showed that these patients had a significantly more favorable outcome than patients with RD (DFS, P=0.00184; overall survival, P=0.0080). Among the clinicopathological parameters examined, none was correlated with pathological response, with the exception of p53. Patients with immunohistochemical overexpression of p53 more frequently achieved a pCR than those without p53 overexpression (P=0.0484). In the patients with RD, the Cox proportional hazards model showed that the presence of lymphovascular invasion was significantly associated with shorter DFS (hazard ratio, 13.333; 95% CI 1.587-111.111; P=0.0171). p53 overexpression may be a key predictor of a favorable response to NAC. Since patients with RD, particularly those positive for lymphovascular invasion, had an extremely poor outcome, novel therapeutic approaches for these patients are warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2011.212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3440659PMC
March 2011