Publications by authors named "Kaisheng Su"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Predictors of refractory risk in systemic lupus erythematosus-related thrombocytopenia: a dual-centre retrospective study.

Lupus Sci Med 2022 05;9(1)

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China

Objectives: Based on clinical and laboratory indicators, this study aimed to establish a multiparametric nomogram to assess the risk of refractory cases of SLE-related thrombocytopenia (SLE-related TP) before systematic treatment.

Methods: From June 2012 to July 2021, a dual-centre retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data of patients with SLE-related TP was conducted. The cohort data were divided into a developing set, internal validation set and external validation set. Refractory thrombocytopenia (RTP) was defined as failed to prednisone at 1 mg/kg per day with a platelet count cannot achieve or maintain higher than 50×10/L. In the developing set, a nomogram were established to predict RTP risk based on clinical characteristics and laboratory indicators by multivariable logistic regression, and its performance was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves, decision curve analysis (DCA) and clinical impact curve (CIC).

Results: A total of 1778 patients with SLE were included, and 413 eligible patients were involved in the final analysis with 121 RTPs. The RTP risk assessment (RRA) model was composed of five significant risk variables: pregnancy, severity of TP, complement 3, anticardiolipin antibody-immunoglobulin G and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. In three datasets, the AUCs were 0.887 (95% CI 0.830 to 0.945), 0.880 (95% CI 0.785 to 0.975) and 0.871 (95% CI 0.793 to 0.949), respectively. The calibration curve, DCA and CIC all showed good performance of the RRA model.

Conclusion: The RRA model demonstrated good capability for assessing the refractory risk in SLE-related TP, which may be helpful for early identification and intervention.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2022

Myositis-specific autoantibodies in adults with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy: correlations with diagnosis and disease activity.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 Mar 16;40(3):1009-1016. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Rheumatology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, 71 Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, Jilin, China.

Objective: To determine the relationship of myositis autoantibodies with the diagnosis and severity of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) using the 2017 EULAR/ACR idiopathic inflammatory myopathy classification criteria and the myositis disease activity assessment tool (MDAAT).

Methods: Patients who met the new diagnostic criteria were tested for serum myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs) and myositis-associated autoantibodies (MAAs), and then classified into different subgroups based on autoantibody positivity. Patients were also diagnosed with possible IIM, probable IIM, and definite IIM. The MDAAT was used to evaluate muscular and extramuscular disease activity. The relationships of diagnostic classification with positivity for different myositis autoantibodies were determined.

Results: There were 118 patients, and 81% of them had one or more myositis autoantibody. Anti-Jo-1 was the most common MSA, and anti-Ro-52 was the most common MAA. Sixteen patients (14%) had possible IIM, 36 (31%) had probable IIM, and 66 (56%) had definite IIM. MSA-positive patients were significantly more common in the definite IIM group, but MAA positivity was unrelated to diagnostic classification. Positivity for MSAs or MAAs had no correlations with muscle disease activity. Extramuscular disease activity was greater in MSA-positive than MSA-negative patients, but MAA positivity had no significant association with extramuscular disease activity.

Conclusions: MSA positivity aids in the diagnosis of IIM. MSA positivity was associated with greater extramuscular disease activity. Improving the clinical application of MSAs may enhance the individualized treatment of patients with IMM. Key Points • In this paper, we explore the relationships between the myositis autoantibodies and the diagnosis and the disease activity of inflammatory myopathy. • Positive myositis-specific autoantibodies is associated with the establishment of diagnosis and higher extramuscular disease activity. • Thus, more extensive application of myositis autoantibodies maybe the key for further disease assessment and research.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021