Publications by authors named "Kaisa Kervinen"

5 Publications

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Vaginal microbiota in pregnancy: Role in induction of labor and seeding the neonate''s microbiota?

J Biosci 2019 Oct;44(5)

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Compared to other human microbiota, vaginal microbiota is fairly simple with low bacterial diversity and high relative abundance of Lactobacillus species. Lactobacillus dominance is even more pronounced during pregnancy. Genetic factors, such as ethnicity, along with environmental, individual and lifestyle factors all have an impact on vaginal microbiota composition. The composition of the vaginal microbiota appears to play an important role in pregnancy as recent studies have linked it to adverse obstetric outcomes such as preterm birth, a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, the same vaginal microbiota does not seem to cause the same response in all women, calling for future research to fully understand the complex host-microbiota interplay in normal and complicated pregnancies.
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October 2019

Vaginal Microbiota Composition Correlates Between Pap Smear Microscopy and Next Generation Sequencing and Associates to Socioeconomic Status.

Sci Rep 2019 05 23;9(1):7750. Epub 2019 May 23.

Human Microbiome Research Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Recent research on vaginal microbiota relies on high throughput sequencing while microscopic methods have a long history in clinical use. We investigated the correspondence between microscopic findings of Pap smears and the vaginal microbiota composition determined by next generation sequencing among 50 asymptomatic women. Both methods produced coherent results regarding the distinction between Lactobacillus-dominant versus mixed microbiota, reassuring gynaecologists for the use of Pap smear or wet mount microscopy for rapid evaluation of vaginal bacteria as part of diagnosis. Cytologic findings identified women with bacterial vaginosis and revealed that cytolysis of vaginal epithelial cells is associated to Lactobacillus crispatus-dominated microbiota. Education and socio-economic status were associated to the vaginal microbiota variation. Our results highlight the importance of including socio-economic status as a co-factor in future vaginal microbiota studies.
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May 2019

An interdisciplinary specialist team leads to improved diagnostics and treatment for paediatric patients with vascular anomalies.

Acta Paediatr 2015 Nov 28;104(11):1109-16. Epub 2015 Jul 28.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Aim: Patients with vascular anomalies are often misdiagnosed, leading to delayed or improper treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an interdisciplinary team on the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric patients with vascular anomalies.

Methods: We reviewed the paediatric patients evaluated by our interdisciplinary team between 2002 and 2012, analysing the referral diagnosis, final diagnosis, patient age, sex, clinical history, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments.

Results: Of the 480 patients who were evaluated, 435 (90.6%) had a vascular anomaly: 30.7% of all patients had a tumour and 55.2% had a malformation. Haemangiomas comprised 93.2% of all tumours, while malformations included capillary (9.8%), lymphatic (30.1%), venous (36.8%), arteriovenous (3.8%) and combined slow-flow (7.9%) malformations. Tumours were initially diagnosed correctly in 89.2% of the patients, but only 38.0% of the malformations were diagnosed correctly. Improper treatment was given to 1.4%, due to incorrect diagnoses.

Conclusion: This study showed that haemangiomas were likely to be diagnosed correctly, but other tumours and vascular malformations were likely to be misdiagnosed. Misdiagnosis seldom led to improper treatment, but probably led to delayed treatment in many cases. The interdisciplinary approach led to improved diagnostics and treatment.
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November 2015

Zeolite framework stabilized copper complex inspired by the 2-His-1-carboxylate facial triad motif yielding oxidation catalysts.

J Am Chem Soc 2006 Mar;128(10):3208-17

Department of Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Utrecht University, Debye Institute, Sorbonnelaan 16, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The stabilization of a mononuclear copper(II) complex with one MIm2Pr ligand [MIm2Pr = 3,3-bis(1-methylimidazol-2-yl)propionate] in the supercages of zeolite Y was attempted, and the resulting materials were tested for their activity in oxidation catalysis. The preparation procedure yielded initially two species (labeled 1 and 2) within the pore system of the zeolite material, which differ in molecular structure and chemical composition as determined by UV/vis, ESR, IR, and XAFS spectroscopy. In species 1, the copper was found to be five-coordinated, with one MIm2Pr ligand in a facial-type NNO coordination toward copper, the other two coordination sites being occupied by oxygen atoms from either the zeolite framework and/or a water molecule. The total charge of this complex is 1+. In species 2, the copper is surrounded by two MIm2Pr ligands, both in a facial-type coordination mode, identical to the homogeneous Cu(MIm2Pr)2 complex. This neutral species 2 is easily washed out of the zeolite, whereas the mononuclear species 1 remains inside the zeolite material upon washing. The spectroscopic characteristics and activity for 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol and benzyl alcohol oxidation of species 1 compared closely with that of the zeolite-immobilized Cu(histidine) complexes but differed from that of the homogeneous Cu(MIm2Pr)2 complex. It was therefore found that encapsulation in zeolite offers a route to stabilize a 5-fold-coordinated copper complex with novel catalytic properties. This 1:1 Cu(MIm2Pr) complex is not formed in solution.
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March 2006

Adding a third dimension to operando spectroscopy: a combined UV-Vis, Raman and XAFS setup to study heterogeneous catalysts under working conditions.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2005 Jun 27(24):3015-7. Epub 2005 May 27.

Department of Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Debye Institute, Utrecht University, Sorbonnelaan 16, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The potential of combined operando UV-Vis/Raman/XAFS has been explored by studying the active site and deactivation mechanism of silica- and alumina-supported molybdenum oxide catalysts under propane dehydrogenation conditions.
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June 2005