Publications by authors named "Kae Teramoto"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Cobalt protoporphyrin attenuates rat obstructive nephropathy: role of cellular infiltration.

Urology 2008 Aug 3;72(2):432-8. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Objectives: Renal interstitial inflammation is closely related to the progressive renal fibrosis. It has been reported that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction attenuated renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. To elucidate the antifibrogenic mechanisms of HO-1, we examined the effect of HO-1 induction on renal interstitial inflammation.

Methods: Adult male rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). The rats were pretreated with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP, a potent HO-1 inducer; 15 or 50 mg/kg) subcutaneously on the day -6 and -1 before UUO. Sham-operated rats served as controls. Renal interstitial fibrosis, macrophage and T cell infiltration were immunohistochemically assessed on the day 5 after UUO. Gene expressions of HO-1 and profibrogenic molecules were determined by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.

Results: CoPP dose-dependently induced HO-1 activity, protein, and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the renal cortices. CoPP significantly attenuated the renal fibrosis in a dose-dependent manner. Gene expressions of transforming growth factor-beta and extracellular matrix proteins were upregulated in UUO and were attenuated by CoPP. CoPP markedly inhibited T cell infiltration. Unexpectedly, it enhanced macrophage influx dose dependently. Double immunostaining of macrophage and HO-1 showed that CoPP elicited HO-1 overexpression in infiltrating macrophages, whereas UUO alone did not.

Conclusions: HO-1 induction protected against the renal interstitial fibrosis in rat obstructive nephropathy. It is suggested that inhibition of T cell influx is, at least in part, involved in the protection. Increased macrophages that overexpress HO-1 may play an important role in attenuating renal fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2007.11.123DOI Listing
August 2008

Microarray analysis of glomerular gene expression in murine lupus nephritis.

J Pharmacol Sci 2008 Jan 11;106(1):56-67. Epub 2008 Jan 11.

Department of Applied Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan.

To elucidate the molecular mechanism of glomerular events in lupus nephritis, we performed genome-wide mRNA expression analysis of glomeruli microdissected from lupus mice. MRL/lpr mice (12-week-old) were orally given vehicle or prednisolone (10 mg/kg per day) for 4 weeks. Renal histology of MRL/lpr mice revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with cellular infiltration of macrophages, T cells, and neutrophils. We identified 567 up-regulated genes in MRL/lpr glomeruli compared to control congenic mice. Those included complement components, adhesion molecules, chemokines and their receptors, and molecules related to antigen presentation. Over 130 genes were considered preferentially or exclusively expressed in hematopoietic cell lineages possibly reflecting leukocytes accumulation. Of note is the finding that chemokines and chemokine receptors (CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, CXCL16, CCR5, CXCR3, and CXCR6) that are related to T helper 1 (Th1) cells accumulation were up-regulated concomitantly with increased expression of Ebi3, a subunit of IL-27 that plays a role in Th1 predominance. These changes were accompanied by increased mRNA expression of many genes that were inducible by Th1 cytokine interferon-gamma. Prednisolone markedly attenuated glomerular lesion and leukocyte influx parallel with the reduction of enhanced gene expression. The present study shows additional evidence supporting glomerular Th1 cells accumulation and their role. Our data also provide an important resource in seeking new therapeutic targets to lupus nephritis. Supplemental table: available only at http://dx.doi.org/10.1254/jphs.FP0071337.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1254/jphs.fp0071337DOI Listing
January 2008

Attenuation of renal fibrosis by curcumin in rat obstructive nephropathy.

Urology 2006 Feb;67(2):440-6

Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Objectives: To test whether curcumin has a protective action against interstitial inflammation and the development of renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. We also tested whether inhibition of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) by curcumin is involved in these mechanisms.

Methods: Adult male rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction. The rats were treated with curcumin (200 mg/kg/day or 800 mg/kg/day), NF-kappaB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC; 200 mg/kg/day), or vehicle by gavage. Sham-operated rats served as controls. Seven days after unilateral ureteral obstruction, the activity of NF-kappaB and AP-1 was examined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay using nuclear protein extracts from the renal cortex. Gene expression of chemokines and pro-fibrotic molecules was determined by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Macrophage infiltration and collagen III accumulation in the cortical interstitium was examined immunohistochemically.

Results: Both curcumin and PDTC significantly attenuated interstitial macrophage influx and renal fibrosis. Ureteral occlusion activated both NF-kappaB and AP-1-DNA binding. Curcumin and PDTC significantly inhibited NF-kappaB activity, but not AP-1. Gene expression of chemokines and pro-fibrotic molecules was upregulated in unilateral ureteral obstruction that was attenuated by either curcumin or PDTC.

Conclusions: Curcumin protected against the renal interstitial inflammation and fibrosis elicited by ureteral occlusion. Inhibition of the NF-kappaB-dependent pathway is at least in part involved in the mechanisms, but AP-1 inhibition is unlikely to be involved in the beneficial effects of curcumin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2005.09.028DOI Listing
February 2006

Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic strategies of chronic renal injury: the role of nuclear factor kappaB activation in the development of renal fibrosis.

J Pharmacol Sci 2006 Jan 6;100(1):17-21. Epub 2006 Jan 6.

Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is a common feature of many progressive renal diseases and is a main determinant that leads to an irreversible loss of renal function. In chronic cyclosporin A nephrotoxicity, we previously reported that inflammatory responses such as macrophage infiltration preceded interstitial fibrosis. This inflammation was accompanied by an elevation in renal nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity. Similar findings were obtained in chronic tacrolimus nephrotoxicity and obstructive nephropathy. Inhibition of NF-kappaB markedly attenuated renal inflammation and interstitial fibrosis in these models. Furthermore, administration of oral adsorbent (Kremezin) significantly attenuated the increase in renal NF-kappaB activity and concomitantly reduced interstitial inflammation and renal fibrosis in chronic renal failure rats. Elimination of indoxyl sulfate by this adsorbent is likely involved in this mechanism since it is known that indoxyl sulfate activates NF-kappaB in renal tubular cells. It is suggested that strategy aiming at NF-kappaB inhibition is important to prevent the progression of renal fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1254/jphs.fmj05003x4DOI Listing
January 2006

Blunted response of the renin-angiotensin system and nitric oxide synthesis related to sodium sensitivity in immunoglobulin A nephropathy.

Hypertens Res 2004 Jan;27(1):7-13

Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka City General Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Sodium sensitivity of blood pressure appears before hypertension in immunoglobulin A nephropathy, as glomerulosclerosis and interstitial damage progress. To find whether this sensitivity is related to NO and the renin-angiotensin system, we examined 39 such patients without hypertension after they followed a diet with an ordinary sodium level for 1 week and a sodium-restricted diet for 1 week, in random order. Patients were divided into two groups at the median of their sodium sensitivity index (<0.040, n=19; > or =0.040 mmHg/mEq per day, n=20), calculated as the reciprocal of the slope of the pressure-natriuresis curve drawn by linkage of two datum points obtained during the different diets. Urinary excretion of NOx (NO2 and NO3), plasma renin activity, and serum aldosterone were measured. NOx was higher in the low-index group than in the high-index group with the ordinary sodium level, but not during sodium restriction. NOx was correlated negatively and significantly with the index with the ordinary sodium level (p=-0.406), but correlation in changes during sodium loading was not significant (p=-0.195). Changes in plasma renin activity and serum aldosterone during sodium restriction were greater in the low-index group than in the high-index group. The changes in renin activity and aldosterone were correlated negatively and significantly with the index (p=-0.573 and -0.499, respectively). These results indicate that impairment of NO synthesis and a blunted response of the renin-angiotensin system are attributable to the altered sodium sensitivity of blood pressure in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1291/hypres.27.7DOI Listing
January 2004
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