Publications by authors named "Kaat De Pourcq"

10 Publications

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Personal and Interpersonal Drivers that Contribute to the Intention to Use Gerontechnologies.

Gerontology 2020 3;66(2):176-186. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Consumer Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Background: Over the past few years, various new types of technologies have been introduced, which have been tailored to meet the specific needs of older adults by incorporating gerontological design principles (i.e., "gerontechnologies"). However, it has been difficult to motivate older adults to adopt and use these new technologies. Therefore, it is crucial to better understand not only the role of personal drivers but also the family influences on older adults.

Objective: This research goes beyond traditional technology acceptance theories by investigating the role of personal (e.g., inherent novelty seeking) and interpersonal drivers (e.g., influence of family) in stimulating older adults to use gerontechnologies. Nine hypotheses, building on traditional and new technology acceptance theories, were developed and tested.

Methods: This research applies a cross-sectional study design. Therefore, a face-to-face survey instrument was developed building on a qualitative pilot study and validated scales. Three hundred and four older adults (minimum age = 70 years) were willing to participate as well as one of their family members. Structural equation modeling was applied to analyze the hypothesized conceptual model.

Results: Our results extend the seminal technology acceptance theories by adding personal (i.e., inherent novelty seeking p = 0.017) and interpersonal drivers. More specifically, it was found that the attitude toward gerontechnologies was influenced by family tech savviness (i.e., people who often use technology), as this relationship is fully mediated through the social norms of older adults (p = 0.014). The same was found for older adults' trust in the family member's technology knowledge (p ≤ 0.001). Here, the relationship with older adults' attitude toward gerontechnologies was partially mediated by the older adults' trust in technology.

Conclusion: This study identified important personal and interpersonal drivers that influence attitudes toward and intentions to use gerontechnologies. To foster technology acceptance among older adults, it was found that it is important to strengthen the trust in and the attitude toward gerontechnologies. Furthermore, family members' knowledge and beliefs in technology were the keys to promoting the actual use of gerontechnologies among older adults. Furthermore, the families' trust in gerontechnologies and the provision of access to technology can improve their attitudes toward technology and usage intentions for the older relative.
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September 2020

The impact of logarithmic dose banding of anticancer drugs on pharmacy compounding efficiency at Ghent University Hospital.

Eur J Hosp Pharm 2018 Nov 4;25(6):334-336. Epub 2017 Mar 4.

Department of Pharmacy, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Dose banding (DB) (dose rounding with predetermined variation with prescription) enables in-advance preparation of high-turnover anticancer drugs with potential benefit for pharmacy compounding work flow.

Objectives: To analyse the impact of potential situations on the efficiency of DB in the pharmacy (safe and maximum storage), calculate preparation lead times and the potential full-time equivalent (FTE) benefit.

Methods: Candidate intravenous anticancer drugs were selected for logarithmic DB according to prescribing frequency, infusion volume and stability (usage data 2015 of the tertiary Ghent University Hospital, Belgium). With a selected DB set already stored, a 2-week time study (April/November 2015) provided lead times (between prescription and transfer) for just-in-time and DB preparations. A 'maximal' storage (using all drugs with a relative incidence of ≥2% recurrent monthly prescription) and a 'safe' storage scenario (lowest monthly prescribing pattern) were used to calculate the potential future FTE change.

Results: Mean lead times for DB storage and just-in-time preparation were 17.1 min (95% CI 13.5 to 21.0) and 26.5 min (23.3 to 29.8). For 21 164 yearly preparations with already 5292 in DB (25%), 11 157 and 6 862 could be batch-produced in advance in a maximum storage and safe storage scenario, respectively. The existing FTE in 2015 of 5.41 could then be reduced to 4.91 and 5.27.

Conclusion: Further development of DB could contribute to pharmacy compounding efficiency.
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November 2018

The introduction of hospital networks in Belgium: The path from policy statements to the 2019 legislation.

Health Policy 2019 07 16;123(7):601-605. Epub 2019 May 16.

Strategic Policy Cell, Ghent University Hospital, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000 Ghent Belgium; Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

In April 2015, the Belgian Federal Minister for Social Affairs and Public Health launched an Action Plan to reform the hospital landscape. With the creation of "localregional clinical hospital networks" with their own governance structures, the plan follows the international trend towards hospital consolidation and collaboration. The major complicating factors in the Belgian context are (1) that policy instruments for the redesign of the hospital service delivery system are divided between the federal government and the federated authorities, which can result in an asymmetric hospital landscape with a potentially better distribution of clinical services in the Flanders hospital collaborations than in the other federated entities; and (2) the current regulations stipulate that only hospitals (and not networks) are entitled to hospital budgets. Although the reform is the most significant and drastic transformation of the Belgian hospital sector in the last three decades, networks mainly offer a framework in which hospitals can collaborate. More regulation and policy measures are needed to enhance collaboration and distribution of clinical services.
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July 2019

The role of governance in different types of interhospital collaborations: A systematic review.

Health Policy 2019 05 5;123(5):472-479. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Strategic Policy Cell, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185 9000 Ghent, Belgium; Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

Context: Financial challenges and the need for high-quality care have vastly increased the number of hospital collaborations in recent decades. The governance of these collaborations remains a challenge. The goal of this study is twofold: (1) to investigate the governance characteristics in an interhospital collaboration and (2) explore the impact on the performance of the interhospital collaboration.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted to provide a comprehensive overview of the evidence on governance in interhospital collaborations. Database searches yielded 9304 candidate articles, of which 26 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria.

Findings: Governance in collaborations differs in collaboration structure, governance characteristics and contextual factors. Although outcome factors are influenced by contextual determinants and the collaboration structure itself, governance characteristics are of great importance.

Conclusions: A critical challenge for managers is to successfully adapt collaborations structures and governance characteristics to rapidly changing conditions. Policy makers should ensure that new legislation and guidelines for internal governance can be adapted to different contextual factors. Research in the future should investigate the impact of governance as a dynamic process. More longitudinal case study research is needed to provide an in-depth view of the relationship between this process and the performance of a collaboration.
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May 2019

Varying viewpoints of Belgian stakeholders on models of interhospital collaboration.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 4;18(1):942. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Strategic Policy Cell, Ghent University Hospital, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Hospitals are increasingly parts of larger care collaborations, rather than individual entities. Organizing and operating these collaborations is challenging; a significant number do not succeed, as it is difficult to align the goals of the partners. However, little research has focused on stakeholders' views regarding hospital collaboration models or on whether these views are aligned with those of hospital management. This study explores Belgian hospital stakeholders' views on the factors affecting hospital collaborations and their perspectives on different models for Belgian interhospital collaboration.

Methods: Qualitative focus group study on the viewpoints, barriers, and facilitators associated with hospital collaboration models (health system, network, joint venture).

Results: A total of 55 hospital stakeholders (hospital managers, chairs of medical councils, chair of hospital boards and special interest groups) participated in seven focus group sessions. Collaboration in health care is challenging, as the goals of the different stakeholder groups are partly parallel but also sometimes conflicting. Hospital managers and special interest groups favored health systems as the most integrated form. Hospital board members also opted for this model, but believed a coordinated network to be the most pragmatic and feasible model at the moment. Members of physicians' organizations preferred the joint venture, as it creates more flexibility for physicians. Successful collaboration requires trust and commitment. Legislation must provide a supporting framework and governance models.

Conclusions: Involvement of all stakeholder groups in the process of decision-making within the collaboration is perceived as a necessity, which confirms the importance of the stakeholders' theory. The health system is the collaboration structure best suited to enhancing task distribution and improving patient quality. However, the existence of networks and joint ventures is considered necessary in the process of transformation towards more solid hospital collaborations such as health systems.
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December 2018

Throughput efficiency and service quality after process redesign at a cancer day care unit: Two sides of the coin?

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2019 Jan 4;28(1):e12918. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Medical Oncology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

This study was designed to focus on the patient perspective in a reorganisation of care processes at a cancer day care unit (CDU). The effects of dose banding and of taking blood samples one day (or more) before the day care treatment (on Day -1) are investigated in terms of throughput efficiency and perceived service quality. Data were collected by mapping patient processes in detail and surveying patients in two CDUs at a university hospital (n = 308). A univariate model was used to investigate the effect of these factors on patient throughput time, and perceived service quality was examined with multiple linear regression. Taking blood samples on Day -1 decreases patient throughput time and increases the perceived service quality by improving the patient's perception of technical expertise and the outcome. This has a globally positive effect on patients' perceived service quality. Dose banding affected neither patient throughput time nor perceived service quality. Taking the pretreatment blood sample on Day -1 can be considered an important process design characteristic, as it increases both efficiency and service quality.
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January 2019

A three-step methodology for process-oriented performance: how to enhance automated data collection in healthcare.

Inform Health Soc Care 2019 Sep 13;44(3):313-325. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

d Department of Public Health, Ghent University , Ghent , Belgium.

. Healthcare managers often attempt to enhance process-oriented performance. However, this remains a challenge. New approaches aimed at increasing the implementation success of process-oriented performance measurement should be investigated. . This study investigates and discusses a step-by-step methodology to implement an automated and effective process-oriented performance measurement system in a hospital. The methodology is based on a framework for developing dashboards based on three steps: the demand side, supply side, and the fit between the two. An illustrative case of the process of hip surgery in the operating room of two hospitals is used. . A methodology has been developed to define a reliable set of process-oriented performance metrics, allowing analysis and management of the different flows in healthcare in an integrated way, several methods were investigated to automatically integrate the data gathered into a reporting infrastructure that can be used to disseminate the results. . This step-by-step methodology allows healthcare organizations to develop and implement effective process-oriented performance measurement in an automated way. This allows the alignment of the goals of hospital management and various stakeholders with the more analytical analysis of business process management notation and hospital information system (HIS) data.
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September 2019

Hospital networks: how to make them work in Belgium? Facilitators and barriers of different governance models.

Acta Clin Belg 2018 Oct 29;73(5):333-340. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

b Strategic Policy Cell , Ghent University Hospital , Ghent , Belgium.

Objectives This study aims to identify the facilitators and barriers to governance models of hospital collaborations. The country-specific characteristics of the Belgian healthcare system and legislation are taken into account. Methods A case study was carried out in six Belgian hospital collaborations. Different types of governance models were selected: two health systems, two participant-governed networks, and two lead-organization-governed networks. Within these collaborations, 43 people were interviewed. Results All structures have both advantages and disadvantages. It is important that the governance model fits the network. However, structural, procedural, and especially contextual factors also affect the collaborations, such as alignment of hospitals' and professionals' goals, competition, distance, level of integrated care, time needed for decision-making, and legal and financial incentives. Conclusion The fit between the governance model and the collaboration can facilitate the functioning of a collaboration. The main barriers we identified are contextual factors. The Belgian government needs to play a major role in facilitating collaboration.
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October 2018

The role of hospitals in bridging the care continuum: a systematic review of coordination of care and follow-up for adults with chronic conditions.

BMC Health Serv Res 2017 08 9;17(1):550. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

Department of Strategic Policy Cell, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Multiple studies have investigated the outcome of integrated care programs for chronically ill patients. However, few studies have addressed the specific role hospitals can play in the downstream collaboration for chronic disease management. Our objective here is to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of the hospitals by synthesizing the advantages and disadvantages of hospital interference in the chronic discourse for chronically ill patients found in published empirical studies.

Method: Systematic literature review. Two reviewers independently investigated relevant studies using a standardized search strategy.

Results: Thirty-two articles were included in the systematic review. Overall, the quality of the included studies is high. Four important themes were identified: the impact of transitional care interventions initiated from the hospital's side, the role of specialized care settings, the comparison of inpatient and outpatient care, and the effect of chronic care coordination on the experience of patients.

Conclusion: Our results show that hospitals can play an important role in transitional care interventions and the coordination of chronic care with better outcomes for the patients by taking a leading role in integrated care programs. Above that, the patient experiences are positively influenced by the coordinating role of a specialist. Specialized care settings, as components of the hospital, facilitate the coordination of the care processes. In the future, specialized care centers and primary care could play a more extensive role in care for chronic patients by collaborating.
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August 2017

The importance of social exchange to nurses and nurse assistants: impact on retention factors.

J Nurs Manag 2014 Jul 3;22(5):563-71. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to test the norm of reciprocity by examining relationships between perceived organisational support (POS), the quality of leader-member exchange (LMX) and psychological contract breach (PCB) and important nurse retention factors identified in the literature.

Background: A major cause of turnover among nurses is related to unsatisfying workplaces. Previous research, mainly outside the nursing setting, found that social exchange affects employees' work-related attitudes.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 217 nurses and nursing assistants to test and refine a model linking POS, LMX, PCB with job satisfaction, trust and turnover intentions.

Results: Hierarchical multiple linear regression revealed that POS, PCB and LMX explained significant variance in all three retention factors: job satisfaction (adjusted R² = 0.502), trust (adjusted R² = 0.462) and turnover intentions (adjusted R² = 0.196). POS and PCB predicted most strongly job satisfaction (P < 0.001) and trust (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively). LMX predicted most strongly intention to leave (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: In our study, POS, the quality of LMX and PCB were strongly related to job satisfaction, trust and turnover intentions.

Implications For Nursing Management: Nursing managers and leaders should recognize the importance of social exchange within their organisation to build trust, satisfy and retain scarce nurses and nursing assistants.
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July 2014