Publications by authors named "K Skobeleva"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of STIM2 and Orai proteins in regulating TRPC1 channel activity upon calcium store depletion.

Cell Calcium 2021 Jun 8;97:102432. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Tikhoretsky Avenue, St. Petersburg 194064, Russia. Electronic address:

Store-operated calcium channels are the major player in calcium signaling in non-excitable cells. Store-operated calcium entry is associated with the Orai, stromal interaction molecule (STIM), and transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) protein families. Researchers have provided conflicting data about TRPC1 channel regulation by Orai and STIM. To determine how Orai and STIM influence endogenous TRPC1 pore properties and regulation, we used single channel patch-clamp recordings. Here we showed that knockout or knockdown of Orai1 or Orai3 or overexpression of the dominant-negative mutant Orai1 E106Q did not change the conductance or selectivity of single TRPC1 channels. In addition, these TRPC1 channel properties did not depend on the amount of STIM1 and STIM2 proteins. To study STIM2-mediated regulation of TRPC1 channels, we utilized partial calcium store depletion induced by application of 10 nM thapsigargin (Tg). TRPC1 activation by endogenous STIM2 was greatly decreased in acute extracellular calcium-free experiments. STIM2 overexpression increased both the basal activity and number of silent TRPC1 channels in the plasma membrane. After calcium store depletion, overexpressed STIM2 directly activated TRPC1 in the plasma membrane even without calcium entry in acute experiments. However, this effect was abrogated by co-expression with the non-permeable Orai1 E106Q mutant protein. Taken together, our single-channel patch clamp experiments clearly demonstrated that endogenous TRPC1 forms a channel pore without involving Orai proteins. Calcium entry through Orai triggered TRPC1 channel activation in the plasma membrane, while subsequent STIM2-mediated TRPC1 activity regulation was not dependent on calcium entry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceca.2021.102432DOI Listing
June 2021

Homer 1a Induces Calcium Channel Activation, but Does Not Change Their Properties in A431 Cells.

Bull Exp Biol Med 2018 Jun 19;165(2):272-275. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Laboratory of Cell Membrane Ionic Channels, Institute of Cytology of Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Store-operated channels activated in response to intracellular calcium store depletion represent the main pathway of calcium entry from the extracellular space in nonelectroexcitable cells. Adapter proteins organize the components of this system into integral complex. We studied the influence of adapter proteins of the Homer family on endogenous store-operated calcium Imin channels in A431 cells. Monomeric Homer 1a proteins increase activity of Imin channels, but did not modulate their electrophysiological properties. Recombinant Homer 1c protein did not block the induced calcium currents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10517-018-4146-2DOI Listing
June 2018

Presenilin-1 Delta E9 Mutant Induces STIM1-Driven Store-Operated Calcium Channel Hyperactivation in Hippocampal Neurons.

Mol Neurobiol 2018 Jun 13;55(6):4667-4680. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Tikhoretsky Ave, St. Petersburg, 194064, Russia.

Presenilins regulate calcium homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum, and dysregulation of intracellular calcium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Elevated presenilin-1 (PS1) holoprotein levels have been detected in postmortem brains of patients carrying familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) PS1 mutations. This study examines the effect of the FAD presenilin mutant that lacks the ninth exon (PS1 ∆E9) and does not undergo endoproteolysis on store-operated calcium (SOC) entry. Significant enhancement of SOC channel activation was detected by electrophysiological measurements in hippocampal neurons with PS1 ∆E9 mutant expression. Here, we show that (i) the hyperactivation of SOC channels is mediated by the STIM1 sensor and can be attenuated by STIM1 knockdown or 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate application, (ii) the STIM2 is not involved in pathological changes of SOC entry, (iii) the pathological SOC entry demonstrates properties of both TRPC and Orai subunit composition, and (iiii) transgenic Drosophila flies with PS1 ∆E9 expression in the cholinergic neuron system show short-term memory loss, which can be abolished by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate feeding.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-017-0674-4DOI Listing
June 2018

Attenuated presenilin-1 endoproteolysis enhances store-operated calcium currents in neuronal cells.

J Neurochem 2016 Mar 11;136(5):1085-95. Epub 2016 Jan 11.

Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Presenilins have been reported to regulate calcium homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum, and dysregulation of intracellular calcium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reduced endoproteolysis levels of presenilin-1 (PS1) have been detected in postmortem brains of patients carrying familial Alzheimer's disease PS1 mutations. This study deals with the effect of attenuated endoproteolysis of PS1 on store-operated calcium (SOC) entry in neuronal cells and mouse fibroblasts with double knockouts of PS1 and PS2. Significant enhancement of SOC channel activation has been detected by electrophysiological measurements in cells with reduced PS1 endoproteolysis. The increase in SOC entry was not accompanied by any changes in protein levels of channels subunits or stromal interaction molecule. These data are important for understanding the role of PS1 in AD, apart from its involvement in γ-secretase cleavage of amyloid precursor protein into Aβ. Taking into account that most of familial AD-connected mutations in PS1 are loss-of-function, the observed effects may well be general for familial AD. Reduced endoproteolysis levels of presenilin-1 (PS1) have been detected in postmortem brains of patients carrying familial Alzheimer's disease PS1 mutations. Significant enhancement of SOC channel activation has been detected by electrophysiological measurements in cells with reduced PS1 endoproteolysis. The data obtained shed light on Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis and implicates to the future drugs development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnc.13495DOI Listing
March 2016

Familial Alzheimer's disease-linked presenilin-1 mutation M146V affects store-operated calcium entry: does gain look like loss?

Biochimie 2013 Jul 23;95(7):1506-9. Epub 2013 Apr 23.

Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Tikhoretsky Ave, 194064 St. Petersburg, Russia.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that leads to neuron death and synapse loss in the hippocampus and cortex, with consequent cognitive disability and dementia. Mutations in the presenilin-1 (PS1) gene lead to familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Here, we report that the expression of FAD-linked PS1 M146V mutant affects store-operated calcium channel activity (Isoc) in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. Electrophysiological measurements and calcium imaging experiments have revealed the emergent role of calcium sensor STIM2 in the inhibition of calcium release-activated calcium channel activity (Icrac) and enhancement of intracellular Ca(2+) stores content due to PS1 M146V mutant expression. In general, the results of this study suggest that the pathological inhibition of one type of store-operated calcium channels caused by FAD PS1 mutant expression may be accounted for by preceding gain of spontaneous activity of store-operated calcium channels driven by STIM2.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2013.04.009DOI Listing
July 2013