Publications by authors named "K Jandieri"

11 Publications

LIVER EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PECULIARITIES IN MAMMALS AND AVIANS.

Georgian Med News 2021 Jan(310):124-133

Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Faculty of Medicine; Alexandre Natishvili Institute of Morphology, TSU; Georgia.

Analysis of liver matrix studies makes it obvious that knowledge about the connective tissue skeleton of the liver is not systematized, the terminology is contradictory, and the question of the construction of some components sometimes causes controversy. We set a goal to study the features of the construction of the connective tissue matrix of the liver of various mammals and birds in order to identify and systematize general and specific patterns of this structure. The liver of mammals with a gallbladder (pigs, sheep) and without a gallbladder (rats) and birds (domestic chickens with a gallbladder) was studied by the methods of anatomical preparation, histology, histochemistry, histotopography, immunohistochemistry, scanning electron microscopy of corrosion replicas and fluorescence microscopy. In the liver of mammals and birds, connective tissue membranes of various thicknesses and compositions around the portal tracts and hepatic veins are revealed. These membranes are connected in various ways with each other, the liver capsule and the intralobular network of connective tissue and form an extracellular matrix, which strengthens the structure of the liver tissue and helps the organ maintain its integrity in various pathological conditions.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2021

[; ADAPTATION OF THE BILE DUCTS OF THE PORTAL TRIAD IN CASE OF MECHANICAL CHOLESTASIS (REVIEW)].

Georgian Med News 2020 Jul-Aug(304-305):148-152

Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of General Surgery; Department of Clinical Anatomy and Operative Surgery,Georgia.

In case of mechanical cholestasis, along with stagnation in the veins and bile ducts, lymph production increases, which contributes to the accumulation of ascitic fluid. In the peribiliaryareas, where the extramural biliary glands are located, an accumulation of lymphatic vessels has been observed in all the preparations.In these same areas, a contrast-enhanced microtomography showed transition of the ink-gelatin contrast agents (using gelatin and India ink) from the extramural part of the mucous glands to the lumen of the lymphatic capillaries and blood vessels.Lymphobiliary connections were visualized during the preparation of the sections of the portal triad of the lobar and sectoral portal tracts under a binocular microscope. More reliable evidence of the existence of lymphobiliary connections in the portal triad region was revealed on histological preparations stained with traditional methods.; Thus, anatomically, the area of the portal triad appears to be one of the alternative areas of lymphobiliary communications, which further confirms its high adaptive capacity in case of stagnation of bile.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2020

DISTRIBUTION AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DUCTAL INVASIVE BREAST CARCINOMA SUBTYPES IN GEORGIAN POPULATION.

Georgian Med News 2018 Oct(283):129-133

David Tvildiani Medical University; Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, A. Natishvili Institute of Morphology; Pathology Research Center; Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

The analysis of prevalence of each specific subtypes of the ductal invasive breast carcinoma according to age group categories showed that Luminal A subtype is observed in every age group as dominant subtype, although in different intensity: two peaks were demonstrated in group III and group IV, and in relatively less amount, in V group as well. Its considerable that Her2(+)/ER subtype was second most prevalent subtype in almost all age groups. It also must be noted that there was no direct correlation found between pre- or post-menopausal period and HER2+ state, except for group IV (60-69 year old range), where it was almost 2 times less frequently found than Basal-like subtype. The frequency of Her2(+)/ER tumor subtype was identical to Luminal A subtype frequency. In age group I (30-39 year old) and all others its frequency was found to be markedly decreasing along with the frequency of Luminal A subtype (if in age group I their frequency was 1.2, in the age group IV it accounted for 9.4, which means that Her2(+)/ER subtype prevalence decreases with increasing age until the age group V (70-79 year old), after which it increases again (age group V and VI demonstrated the frequency of 2.0 and 5.0 respectively). Basal-like tumor was not found in age groups I and VI, and its frequency was gradually increasing except for age group II, where it was approximately 1.5 less frequent than in other age group categories. Triple-negative subtype was not found in age groups I and VI, however, its frequency was gradually increasing with increasing age. The prevalence of triple-negative tumor in age group V was 4.5 times higher than in age group II. The frequency of Luminal B subtype tumor was almost 2 times decreased in age group III, while in age group V it was almost 3 times increased. However, it disappeared in age group VI completely. Consideration of the age-related specificities of ductal invasive breast carcinoma subtypes (phenotypes) is important both for diagnostic aspect and treatment strategy selection, as well as adequate planning of breast cancer screening programs. Thus, in all age groups of the studied population, IIIA and B stages of tumor were identified, with tumor sizes ranging between 2.8-4.7mm. There was no stable direct correlation between breast cancer and family history, as the presence of such data requires additional research with more focus on anamnesis details.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2018

[IMMUNE SYSTEM INTERNSHIP WITH SYMBIOTIC MICROORGANISMS IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMAL'S INTESTINUM ILEUM].

Georgian Med News 2017 Nov(272):127-133

Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of Pathological Anatomy and Cytopathology; Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, A. Natishvili Institute of Morphology, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Structures, responsible for acceptive (comensaling relation) and protective (pathogenic defense) immunity, were studied and compared in small intestine - to ileum mucosa. Data shown, that main application of the both domains of immune system is to support the correlation between body and foreign microbes, but they response is different. Most significant differences are as follows: in acceptive reactions presented only in aseptic animals - gnotobionts, inflammatory changes absent, so immune reaction complex develops into physiological condition. Symbiotic reactions release in mucosa epithelial cells, also in cells, responsible for adaptive and congenital immune reactivity. Thus, acceptive immune reactions contribute symbiotic biocenosis versus elimination; which is function of protective immunity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2017

Surface relaxation of strained Ga(P,As)/GaP heterostructures investigated by HAADF STEM.

J Microsc 2017 12 1;268(3):239-247. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Materials Science Center and Faculty of Physics, Philipps-Universit├Ąt Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

The surfaces of thin transmission electron microscopy (TEM) specimens of strained heterostructures can relax. The resulting bending of the lattice planes significantly influences high-angle annular dark field (HAADF) measurements. We investigate the impact by evaluating the intensities measured at the atomic columns as well as their positions in high-resolution HAADF images. In addition, the consequences in the diffraction plane will be addressed by simulated position averaged convergent beam electron diffraction (PACBED) patterns. The experimental column intensities and positions acquired from a strained Ga(P,As) quantum well (QW) embedded in a in a GaP matrix agree very well with frozen phonon contrast simulations, if the surface relaxation is taken into account by finite element relaxation. Neglecting the surface relaxation the As content of the QW can be significantly underestimated. Taking the effects into account correctly, we find that the lower interface of the investigated Ga(P,As) QW is atomically abrupt whereas the upper one is smeared out.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmi.12622DOI Listing
December 2017
-->