Publications by authors named "K H Kaczmarczyk"

38 Publications

The impact of HPV vaccination on the prevention of oropharyngeal cancer: A scoping review.

Community Dent Health 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Centre for Dental Public Health and Primary Care, Queen Mary University London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) has one of the most rapidly rising incidences of any cancer in high-income countries. HPV vaccination is being tested to prevent HPV-associated OPC.

Objective: To determine the effect of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination on the prevention of OPC in adults worldwide.

Basic Research Design: Scoping review conducted using PRISMA-ScR Checklist.

Method: An electronic literature search identified relevant records. Titles and abstracts were screened to assess eligibility by two researchers, and data from relevant full-text articles were extracted and synthesised.

Results: Three-hundred-and-forty-three studies were identified, with eleven articles meeting the inclusion criteria. The most common study design was cross-sectional (n = 7), the most common location was the US (n = 6) and data collection periods spanned 2004 to 2020. One article found unvaccinated participants had a 19 times increased risk of developing OPC compared with those who had been vaccinated against HPV. The remaining papers showed that prevalence of HPV-vaccine-type oral infection was significantly lower in vaccinated participants than unvaccinated participants, with a reduction of oral HPV detection ranging from 72% to 93%. This reduction varied by sex.

Conclusions: There is evidence to suggest that HPV vaccination reduces oral HPV infection and decreases the incidence of HPV-associated OPC. There is substantial need for further research which directly examines the relationship between HPV vaccination status and subsequent OPC development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1922/CDH_00072Kaczmarczyk08DOI Listing
July 2021

The dangerous world of homemade toothpaste.

Br Dent J 2021 05;230(9):601

Dental Core Trainee, Royal London Hospital, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41415-021-3054-4DOI Listing
May 2021

Women after Bilateral Surgical Correction of Hallux Valgus Do Not Show Improvement in Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters at 18 Weeks Postoperatively.

J Clin Med 2021 Feb 5;10(4). Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, 00-968 Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Hallux valgus (HV) is a gait-altering orthopedic deformity, somewhat more prevalent in women, which often affects both limbs. Although surgery is a commonly applied treatment, there is no consensus in the literature on how invasive HV correction affects spatiotemporal gait parameters, or how quickly improvement can be expected. We investigated gait parameters in female HV patients who underwent bilateral surgical correction of hallux valgus, both preoperatively and 18 weeks following surgery (a timeframe relevant from the perspective of physical therapy), and also in relation to a non-HV control group.

Methods: A total of 23 women aged 40-70 years, with moderate to severe HV deformity in both feet, were assessed preoperatively and 18 weeks postoperatively, and an age-matched control group of 76 healthy women was also assessed. A total of 22 spatiotemporal parameters were collected during 30 s walks over an electronic walkway (Zebris Medical System).

Results: Of the 22 parameters analyzed, significant differences between the preoperative experimental and control groups were found only in 4 parameters (Velocity, Right step time, Total double support and Stride time), but in 16 parameters between the postoperative experimental and control groups (the greatest impact being found for: Left and Right Step time, Stride time, Cadence, Right Foot rotation, Left Step length (%leg length) and Stride length (%leg length)).

Conclusions: Women after bilateral HV correction did not exhibit improved (i.e., more normal) gait parameters at 18 weeks postoperatively; rather, they showed more gait abnormalities than preoperatively. These findings urge longer-term planning of postoperative rehabilitation, involving continual evaluation of gait improvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040608DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7914673PMC
February 2021

Does the Aquatic Breathing Program Improve Lung Function in Adolescents with Scoliosis?

Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 2021;41(3):259-270. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland.

To determine pulmonary parameters in adolescents with scoliosis after three weeks of intensive physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises based on the Aquatic Breathing Program (ABP) compared to corrective swimming (CS). A pretest-posttest control group design was used. The ABP group comprised 13 adolescents (age 14.2 ± 1.4) and the CS group 10 adolescents (age 14.1 ± 1.5) with mild to moderate scoliosis. Both groups participated in a threeweek intervention consisted of three types of exercises: corrective, general and aquatic. ABP group participated in the Aquatic Breathing Program and CS group took part in corrective swimming. Spirometric measurements were taken before and after the intervention. ABP group demonstrated a greater increase ( = .05) in the predicted percentage values of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV) and maximal expiratory flow at 25% of forced vital capacity (MEF), both in absolute terms and in percentage values (MEF%pred) compared to the CS group. CS group exhibited lower values of all measured parameters in the second examination, and some of those differences were found to be statistically significant. The Aquatic Breathing Program can be used in adolescents with mild to moderate scoliosis to improve lung function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01942638.2020.1856285DOI Listing
December 2020

Selected Tools for Assessing the Risk of Falls in Older Women.

Biomed Res Int 2020 12;2020:2065201. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland.

Methods: Fifty-five females were examined (May 2018-June 2019). Stabilographic examinations were performed with eyes open (EO) and closed (EC). An analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Spearman rank correlation were performed to determine the relationships and differences between the above tests.

Results: The results of the TUG correlate with the overall stability index (OSI) EO ( = 0.314), medial-lateral stability index (MLSI) EO ( = 0.297), and fall risk index (FRI6-2; = 0.435) in stabilographic examinations and the FRT ( = -0.399). The results of the modified Unterberger test correlate with MLSI EO ( = 0.276), OSI EC ( = 0.310), and MLSI EC ( = 0.378). There are statistically significant differences between faller and nonfaller groups in TUG ( = 0.0068), FRT ( = 0.001), and MLSI EO ( = 0.0118).

Conclusions: The modified Unterberger test and TUG can be considered effective in functional FR assessment in older women. Using at least two different functional tests may improve the assessment of FR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2065201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7683108PMC
May 2021
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