Publications by authors named "Justine Ring"

3 Publications

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Scientific Impact and Clinical Influence: Identifying Landmark Studies in Burns.

J Burn Care Res 2020 11;41(6):1240-1252

Sunnybrook Research Institute and Ross-Tilley Burn Centre, Sunnybrook Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Although many reviews describe significant advances in burn care, no studies have yet examined why these papers had such profound impact. Our objective was to identify the most highly cited, as well as the most clinically influential studies in burns, and describe their characteristics, to inform future research in the field. Web of Science was searched using keywords related to burns to identify the 100 most-cited burns papers. Study design, year and journal of publication, and subject of the paper were recorded. A mixed-methods approach was used to identify papers in burn research leading to change in clinical practice. Characteristics of these papers were compared with identify any factors predictive of future citations or clinical influence. The 100 highly cited papers were cited between 159 and 907 times. There was no correlation between total citations and journal impact factor, year of publication, or subject area. Level of evidence did not predict future citations or influence, but may be influenced by evolving research standards. Of 23 clinically influential studies, 6 were not among 100 most-cited. Using papers only from the 100 most-cited list was not sufficient to identify leading researchers in burns. Citation analysis is a beneficial, however not alone sufficient to identify landmark papers, particularly for multidisciplinary fields such as burns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa083DOI Listing
November 2020

Oxandrolone in the Treatment of Burn Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

J Burn Care Res 2020 01;41(1):190-199

Biological Sciences, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Severe burns induce a profound hypermetabolic response, leading to a prolonged state of catabolism associated with organ dysfunction and delay of wound healing. Oxandrolone, a synthetic testosterone analog, may alleviate the hypermetabolic catabolic state thereby decreasing associated morbidity. However, current literature has reported mixed outcomes on complications following Oxandrolone use, specifically liver and lung function. We conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis studying the effects of Oxandrolone on mortality, length of hospital stay, progressive liver dysfunction, and nine secondary outcomes. We searched Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Databases of Systematic Reviews and Randomized Controlled Trials. Thirty-one randomized control trials and observational studies were included. Basic science and animal studies were excluded. Only studies comparing Oxandrolone to standard of care, or placebo, were included. Oxandrolone did not affect rates of mortality (relative risk [RR]: 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.47 to 1.08; P = .11) or progressive liver dysfunction (RR: 1.04; 95% CI: 0.59 to 1.85; P = .88), but did decrease length of stay in hospital. Oxandrolone significantly increased weight regain, bone mineral density, percent lean body mass, and decreased wound healing time for donor graft sites. Oxandrolone did not change the incidence of transient liver dysfunction or mechanical ventilation requirements. There is evidence to suggest that Oxandrolone is a beneficial adjunct to the acute care of burn patients; shortening hospital stays and improving several growth and wound healing parameters. It does not appear that Oxandrolone increases the risk of progressive or transient liver injury, although monitoring liver enzymes is recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz155DOI Listing
January 2020

Surgery Tutor for Computational Assessment of Technical Proficiency in Soft-Tissue Tumor Resection in a Simulated Setting.

J Surg Educ 2019 May - Jun;76(3):872-880. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Background: In competency-based medical education, progression between milestones requires reliable and valid methods of assessment. Surgery Tutor is an open-source motion tracking platform developed to objectively assess technical proficiency during open soft-tissue tumor resections in a simulated setting. The objective of our study was to provide evidence in support of construct validity of the scores obtained by Surgery Tutor. We hypothesized that Surgery Tutor would discriminate between novice, intermediate, and experienced operators.

Methods: Thirty participants were assigned to novice, intermediate, or experienced groups, based on the number of prior soft-tissue resections performed. Each participant resected 2 palpable and 2 nonpalpable lesions from a soft-tissue phantom. Surgery Tutor was used to track hand and instrument motions, number of tumor breaches, and time to perform each resection. Mass of excised specimens and margin status were also recorded.

Results: Surgery Tutor scores demonstrated "moderate" to "good" internal structure (test-retest reliability) for novice, intermediate, and experienced groups (interclass correlation coefficient = 0.596, 0.569, 0.737; p < 0.001). Evidence in support of construct validity (consequences) was demonstrated by comparing scores of novice, intermediate, and experienced participantsfor number of hand and instrument motions (690 ± 190, 597 ± 169, 469 ± 110; p < 0.001), number of tumor breaches (29 ± 34, 16 ± 11, 9 ± 6; p < 0.001), time per resection (677 ± 331 seconds, 561 ± 210 seconds, 449 ± 148 seconds; p < 0.001), mass of completely excised specimens (22 ± 7g, 21 ± 11g, 17 ± 6 g; p = 0.035), and rate of positive margin (68%, 50%, 28%; p < 0.001). There was "strong" and "moderate" relationships between motion scores and Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill scores, and time per resection and Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill scores respectively (r = -0.60, p < 0.001; r = -0.54, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Surgery Tutor scores demonstrate evidenceof construct validity with regards to good internal structure, consequences, and relationship to other variables in the assessment of technical proficiency duringopen soft-tissue tumor resections in a simulated setting. Utilization of Surgery Tutor can provide formative feedback and objective assessment of surgical proficiency in a simulated setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2018.11.005DOI Listing
August 2020