Publications by authors named "Justine Descamps"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Epileptic phenotype in late-onset hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia successfully treated by diazoxide.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, HFME, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron, France.

Objectives: Serious hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) is generally the main initial symptom of hyperinsulinism. Epilepsy, without any overt feature of hypoglycemia, might be a very rare initial presentation of late-onset isolated hyperinsulinism.

Case Presentation: We describe a case of late-onset HH in a 15-year-old boy with a history of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, now named genetic generalized epilepsy (IGE/GGE), beginning with a tonic-clonic seizure at the age of 11 years. Subsequently, absences with rare eyelid myoclonia were recorded on electroencephalogram (EEG), followed by episodes of impaired consciousness with facial myoclonia. Neurological status was normal except attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). At the age of 15 years, an episode of slight alteration of consciousness with neurovegetative signs could be recorded, which did not correspond to an absence status. Hypoglycemia due to hyperinsulinism was documented (clinically, biologically, and genetically). Diazoxide treatment resolved the glycopenic symptoms, the non-hypoglycemic seizures and normalized brain electrical activity allowing complete withdrawal of antiepileptic medication.

Conclusions: Epilepsy can be a very rare initial feature of HH starting in childhood. The occurrence of atypical features in the context of GGE as "absence statuses" with unusual vegetative symptoms and facial myoclonia might be suggestive for HH. Careful assessment and specific treatment are necessary to prevent hyperinsulinism related brain damage. Our case showed that diazoxide might also resolve seizures and normalize EEG.
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March 2021

Histomorphometric analyses of human adipose tissues using intact, flash-frozen samples.

Histochem Cell Biol 2018 Mar 22;149(3):209-218. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Endocrinology and Nephrology, CHU de Quebec-Laval University, 2705 Laurier Blvd. (R-4779), Quebec, QC, G1V 4G2, Canada.

Histomorphometric analyses of adipose tissue usually require formalin fixation of fresh samples. Our objective was to determine if intact, flash-frozen whole adipose tissue samples stored at - 80 °C could be used for measurements developed for fresh-fixed adipose tissues. Portions of adipose tissue samples were either formalin-fixed immediately upon sampling or flash-frozen and stored at - 80 °C and then formalin-fixed during the thawing process. Mean adipocyte diameter was measured. Immunohistochemistry was performed on additional samples to identify macrophage subtypes (M1, CD14 + and M2, CD206 +) and total (CD68 +) number. All slides were counterstained using haematoxylin and eosin (H&E). Visual inspection of H&E-stained adipose tissue slides performed in a blinded fashion showed little or no sign of cell breakage in 74% of frozen-fixed samples and in 68% of fresh-fixed samples (p > 0.5). There was no difference in the distribution frequencies of adipocyte sizes in fresh-fixed vs. frozen-fixed tissues in both depots (p > 0.9). Mean adipocyte size from frozen-fixed samples correlated significantly and positively with adipocyte size from fresh-fixed samples (r = 0.74, p < 0.0001, for both depots). The quality of staining/immunostaining and appearance of tissue architecture were comparable in fresh-fixed vs. frozen-fixed samples. In conclusion, intact flash-frozen adipose tissue samples stored at - 80 °C can be used to perform techniques conventionally applied to fresh-fixed samples. This approach allows for retrospective studies with frozen human adipose tissue samples.
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March 2018