Publications by authors named "Jussara Gonçalves"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Primary intraosseous carcinoma of the maxilla arising from an odontogenic keratocyst: a case report and review of the literature.

Gen Dent 2019 Nov-Dec;67(6):26-32

A 47-year-old man was referred for treatment of a painful lesion of 5 months' duration located on the left side of the maxilla. A small perforation in the buccal cortex was observed during the intraoral examination. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) showed an extensive, well-delimited radiolucent lesion extending from the alveolar ridge to the nasal cavity. An incisional biopsy was performed, and a cystic lesion consistent with an odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) was observed microscopically. The initial treatment option was decompression to be followed by enucleation. However, 3 months after decompression of the lesion, the patient returned because there was a significant increase in the size of the perforation. A destructive lytic lesion that involved the left side of the maxilla and crossed the midline was evident in the CBCT. The examination of a second incisional biopsy specimen showed epithelial neoplasia comprising islands and projections toward the surface. There was abundant keratin deposition, resulting in the formation of pearls and plugs. A diagnosis of primary intraosseous carcinoma arising from an OKC was confirmed, and the patient underwent a maxillectomy. After 1 year of follow-up, there were no signs of recurrence.
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December 2019

Inhibition of cancer stem cells promoted by Pimozide.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2019 02 28;46(2):116-125. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Morphological Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Over the past years, studies have described that users of antipsychotics are less likely to develop cancer than the population in general due to cytotoxic properties of this class of drugs on cancer cells. For this reason, Pimozide has been widely studied as a potential anticancer treatment, and satisfactory results in melanoma, central nervous system tumours, osteosarcoma, neuroblastoma, myeloproliferative neoplasms, breast, lung, prostate, ovarian, colorectal, pancreatic, and hepatocellular carcinoma have been showed. Moreover, advantages as clinical use approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), high clinical safety, low side effects, and reasonable price have stimulated the treatment with Pimozide instead of other agents. The action mechanism remains unclear, but three vias associated to cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis show that Pimozide: (a) blocks CSC features, as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), through inhibition of Wnt-β/catenin signalling; (b) acts as an inhibitor of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT-3 and 5), pathway which is activated and up-regulated in CSCs; (c) inhibits ubiquitine specific protease (USP1) and WD repeat-containing protein 48 (WDR48), that are proteins responsible to inhibit the differentiation and to maintain the cell in an undifferentiated state. Based on this perspective, the aim of this manuscript is to review the antineoplastic role of Pimozide during tumorigenesis and its potential to revert the process of undifferentiation and proliferation of CSC through different vias.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.13049DOI Listing
February 2019

Expression of Cancer Stem Cell Biomarkers in Human Head and Neck Carcinomas: a Systematic Review.

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2018 Dec;14(6):769-784

Department of Morphological Sciences, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Malignant neoplasms may be composed of several cell groups, including cancer stem cells (CSC). These cells have been related with the capacity of metastasis, relapse and resistance to multiple drugs during chemotherapy. This study aims to identify CSC biomarkers and their expression pattern in human head and neck carcinomas. This study was conducted following the PRISMA checklist. The search for articles was carried out in five databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs and Scielo). The articles found were selected in two phases: 1) reading the titles and / or abstract and 2) reading the full text. At the end, the selected articles were evaluated by QUADAS-2. Most studies evaluated oral neoplastic tissues and, as a control, samples of normal local mucosa. All studies performed immunohistochemistry as a method of immunolocalization and some also applied immunofluorescence. The most commonly used biomarker was CD44. However, other such as Sox2, Oct4, Nestin, Nanog, BMI1, ALDH1, CD133 and CD166 were also found. Several biomarkers were (ALDH1, Sox2, Oct4, ABCB5, AGR2 and TAZ) correlated with clinical characteristics of the tumor, such as staging, tumor size and lymph node metastasis. These data reinforce the CSC theory and favor the use of these biomarkers as possible determinants of prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12015-018-9839-4DOI Listing
December 2018

The Role of the Complex USP1/WDR48 in Differentiation and Proliferation Processes in Cancer Stem Cells.

Curr Stem Cell Res Ther 2017 ;12(5):416-422

Department of Pathology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Reitor Joao David Ferreira Lima Campus, Zip Code 88040-900, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina. Brazil.

Background: Recently, some studies identified the Basic-Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) transcription factor as a significant regulator for the evolution of neoplasms. The binding between bHLH proteins and DNA is restricted by heterodimerization with Inhibitors of DNA binding (ID). IDs prevent cellular differentiation, promote growth and sustain tumor development. The wide presence of stem cells in cancers suggests that genes ID are essential to cancer stem cells (CSC) progress. The enzyme Ubiquitin-specific protease 1 (USP1) is reported to deubiquitinate and stabilize IDs. Considering the action of the proteins ID, USP1 contributes to prevent differentiation mediated by bHLH and, consequently, keep CSC original characteristics. USP1 has its activity potentiated when bound to protein WD repeat-containing protein (WDR48).

Objective: To identify the influence of the complex USP1/WDR48 during the CSC tumorigenesis process, and whether this complex is a possible therapeutic target.

Methods: A literature search regarding the role of the complex USP1/WDR48 in inhibiting differentiation and increasing proliferation of CSC was performed, and possible selective molecule inhibitors of these deubiquitinase proteins were investigated.

Results: There is evidence that USP1/WDR48 complex promotes stem cell conservation and regulation of DNA damage repair. For this reason, inhibitors as Pimozide, GW7647, C527, SJB2-043, ML323 have been studied to inhibit USPs in cases of treatment intervention.

Conclusion: It is consolidated in the literature the role of USP1/WDR48 during tumorigenesis. However, these studies are not enough to completely clarify the process; but certainly, the researchers are converging towards a promising direction to provide a new treatment option for cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1574888X12666170315104013DOI Listing
April 2018

Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia: diagnosis, management and current advances.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep - Oct;83(5):585-593. Epub 2017 Jan 24.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Departamento de Patologia, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia is a multifocal and progressive lesion of the oral mucosa, with unknown etiology, and commonly resistant to all therapy attempts with frequent recurrences. It is characterized by a high rate of oral squamous cell carcinoma and verrucou carcinoma transformations.

Objective: To analyze the studies about Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and develop a concise update.

Methods: A Pubmed search identifying studies (laboratory research, case series and reviews of literature) that examined patients with Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia was realized.

Results: There are not enough studies about Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia in the literature. The few found studies not present a consensus about its etiology and diagnosis criteria. Although several treatment strategies have been proposed, most of them still show a high recurrence rate.

Conclusion: More research about Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia is necessary to understand and treat this disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2016.12.005DOI Listing
December 2017

Pristane-induced arthritis loci interact with the Slc11a1 gene to determine susceptibility in mice selected for high inflammation.

PLoS One 2014 5;9(2):e88302. Epub 2014 Feb 5.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

AIRmax (maximal inflammation) and AIRmin (minimal inflammation) mice show distinct susceptibilities to pristane-induced arthritis (PIA). The Slc11a1 gene, which regulates macrophage and neutrophil activity, is involved in this infirmity. AIRmax (SS) mice homozygous for the non-functional Slc11a1 S (gly169asp) allele obtained by genotype-assisted crosses from AIRmax and AIRmin mice are more susceptible than mice homozygous for the Slc11a1 resistant (R) allele. The present work sought to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) regulating PIA and to examine the interactions of these QTL with Slc11a1 alleles in modulating PIA. Mice were given two ip injections of 0.5 mL pristane at 60 day intervals, and the incidence and severity of PIA was scored up to 160 days. Genome-wide linkage studies were performed to search for arthritis QTL in an F2 (AIRmax × AIRmin, n = 290) population. Significant arthritis QTL (LODscore>4) were detected on chromosomes 5 and 8, and suggestive QTL on chromosomes 7, 17 and 19. Global gene expression analyses performed on Affymetrix mouse 1.0 ST bioarrays (27k genes) using RNA from arthritic or control mice paws showed 419 differentially expressed genes between AIRmax and AIRmin mice and demonstrated significantly (P<0.001) over-represented genes related to inflammatory responses and chemotaxis. Up-regulation of the chemokine genes Cxcl1, Cxcl9, Cxcl5, Cxcl13 on chromosome 5 was higher in AIRmax(SS) than in the other lines. Macrophage scavenger receptor 1 and hemeoxigenase (decycling) 1 genes on chromosome 8 were also expressed at higher levels in AIRmax(SS) mice. Our results show that the gene expression profiles of the two arthritis QTL (on chromosomes 5 and 8) correlate with Slc11a1 alleles, resulting in enhanced AIRmax(SS) mice susceptibility to PIA.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0088302PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914970PMC
September 2014

Niacin metabolite excretion in alcoholic pellagra and AIDS patients with and without diarrhea.

Nutrition 2004 Sep;20(9):778-82

Nutrition School of Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: Malnourished patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) can develop pellagra-like manifestations such as dermatitis, diarrhea, and dementia; therefore, we tested the hypothesis that patients with AIDS and diarrhea would have niacin depletion. This study compared 24-h urine excretion of N1-methyl-nicotinamide (N1MN) among patients with pellagra and patients with AIDS who did and did not have diarrhea.

Methods: Three groups were studied: G1 (patients with AIDS and diarrhea, n = 5); G2 (patients with AIDS and no diarrhea, n = 7), and G3 (patients with alcoholic pellagra and without the human immunodeficiency virus, n = 8). Diarrhea was defined as the production of at least three liquid stools per day over 3 to 5 d. Studies included mucosal intestinal biopsy, malabsorption tests, detection of parasites in stool, and serum albumin measurements. Semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire, anthropometry, and daily urinary N1MN excretion were also determined. Groups were matched in relation to age, sex, presence of parasites in stool, and intestinal absorption results.

Results: G1 had normal intestinal examination by light microscopy and no parasites in stools. G2 group showed lower levels of serum albumin (2.6 +/- 0.3 g/dL) when compared with G1 (3.4 +/- 0.3 g/dL) and G3 (3.1 +/- 0.7 g/dL). Except for patients with pellagra, groups met their energy requirements. Patients in G3 (0.013, 0.01-0.081 mg/dL) and G1 (0.062, 0.001-0.33 mg/dL) excreted smaller amounts of N1MN in urine than did those in G2 (0.63, 0.02-2.9 mg/dL).

Conclusions: Patients with AIDS and diarrhea excreted less N1MN in urine than did those without diarrhea. These patients may have an impaired niacin nutritional status, possibly associated with increased metabolic needs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2004.05.008DOI Listing
September 2004