Publications by authors named "Julio Cesar Soares Sales"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Improved production of biocatalysts by Yarrowia lipolytica using natural sources of the biopolyesters cutin and suberin, and their application in hydrolysis of poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET).

Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Biochemical Engineering Department, School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149. Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Brazil.

Since plastic pollution emerged as an urgent environmental problem, different biocatalysts have been tested for poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) hydrolysis. This work evaluated three different possible inducers for lipases and/or esterases, two natural sources of biopolymers (apple peels and commercial cork) and PET, as supplements in the solid-state fermentation of soybean bran by Yarrowia lipolytica. The obtained enzymatic extracts displaying different levels of lipase and esterase activities were then tested for PET depolymerization. Supplementation with 5 or 20 wt% of commercial cork led to an increase of 16% in lipase activity and to an increase of 131% in esterase activity, respectively. PET supplementation also led to an increase in the esterase activity of the enzymatic extracts (up to 69%). Enzymes produced in the screening step were able to act as biocatalysts in PET hydrolysis. Enzymatic extracts obtained in fermentation samples supplemented with 20 wt% PET and 20 wt% apple peels led to the highest terephthalic acid concentration (21.2 µmol L) in 7 days, whereas enzymes produced in commercial cork media were more efficient for bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) hydrolysis, one of the key-PET hydrolysis intermediates. Results suggest a good potential of the biocatalysts produced by Y. lipolytica IMUFRJ 50,682 in a low-cost media for subsequent utilization in PET depolymerization reactions. This is one of the few reports on the use of a yeast for this application.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-021-02603-wDOI Listing
June 2021

A critical view on the technology readiness level (TRL) of microbial plastics biodegradation.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Jun 14;37(7):116. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Biochemical Engineering Department, School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149. Ilha do Fundão Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Accumulation of plastic wastes and their effects on the ecosystem have triggered an alarm regarding environmental damage, which explains the massive investigations over the past few years, aiming technological alternatives for their proper destination and valorization. In this context, biological degradation emerges as a green route for plastic processing and recycling in a circular economy approach. Some of the main polymers produced worldwide are poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), which are among the most recalcitrant materials in the environment. In comparison to other polymers, PET biodegradation has advanced dramatically in recent years concerning microbial and enzymatic mechanisms, being positioned in a higher technology readiness level (TRL). Even more challenging, polyolefins (PE and PP) biodegradation is hindered by their high recalcitrance, which is mainly related to stable carbon-carbon bonds. Potential microbial biocatalysts for this process have been evaluated, but the related mechanisms are still not fully elucidated. This review aims to discuss the latest developments on key microbial biocatalysts for degradation of these polymers, addressing biodegradation monitoring, intellectual property, and TRL analysis of the bioprocessing strategies using biodegradation performance, process time and scale as parameters for the evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-021-03089-0DOI Listing
June 2021
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