Publications by authors named "Julie M Nicol"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association analysis of resistance to cereal cyst nematodes () and root lesion nematodes ( and ) in CIMMYT advanced spring wheat lines for semi-arid conditions.

Breed Sci 2016 Dec 25;66(5):692-702. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Grains Research & Development Corporation (GRDC) , 4/4 National Circuit Barton 2600 ACT , Australia.

To identify loci linked to nematode resistance genes, a total of 126 of CIMMYT advanced spring wheat lines adapted to semi-arid conditions were screened for resistance to , , and , of which 107 lines were genotyped with 1,310 DArT. Association of DArT markers with nematode response was analyzed using the general linear model. Results showed that 11 markers were associated with resistance to (pathotype Ha21), 25 markers with resistance to , and 9 significant markers were identified to be linked with resistance to . In this work we confirmed that chromosome 4A (~90-105 cM) can be a source of resistance to as has been recently reported. Other significant markers were also identified on chromosomal regions where no resistant genes have been reported for both nematodes species. These novel QTL were mapped to chromosomes 5A, 6A, and 7A for ; on chromosomes 1A, 1B, 3A, 3B, 6B, 7AS, and 7D for ; and on chromosomes 1D, 2A, and 5B for and represent potentially new loci linked to resistance that may be useful for selecting parents and deploying resistance into elite germplasm adapted to regions where nematodes are causing problem.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.15158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5282747PMC
December 2016

Root and Crown Rot Fungi Associated with Spring, Facultative, and Winter Wheat in Turkey.

Plant Dis 2008 Sep;92(9):1299-1306

Bahri Dagdas International Agricultural Research Institute, Konya, Turkey.

The objective of this study was to determine the distribution frequency of the fungi associated with wheat (Triticum aestivum) crowns and roots in cereal producing areas of Turkey through a targeted survey of 518 commercial fields over a 2-year period. More than 26% of the fields had one or more of the fungal species commonly reported as part of the dryland root rot complex, Fusarium culmorum (14%) > Bipolaris sorokiniana (10%) > F. pseudograminearum (2%). The fungi considered to be part of the high rainfall root rot complex were found at very low frequencies: 2% for Gaeumannomyces graminis and 3% for Pythium spp. Species of Rhizoctonia were found in 22% of the fields. Several Fusarium species considered to be less or nonpathogenic to cereals were also found in high frequencies at 11% (F. oxysporum, F. chlamydosporum), 10% (F. sporotrichioides), and 8% (F. avenaceum and F. solani). The mostly random distribution of cereal root-rotting species across the survey area suggests the fungi are not distributed in any distinct agroecological relationship. As a result, the relative economic importance of a given species on wheat will be determined by a number of factors, such as their fungal pathogenicity, host susceptibility/tolerance, and the seasonal conditions. Results from this study suggest that there are a wide range of fungal species associated with root and crown tissues of wheat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-92-9-1299DOI Listing
September 2008

Identification of common root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei Sher et Allen) loci in bread wheat.

Genome 2006 Oct;49(10):1319-23

Plant Protection Research Institute, 01321, Adana, Turkey.

Plant parasitic nematodes are a major biotic cause of wheat-yield loss in temperate wheat-growing regions. A major strategy to develop resistance to root-lesion nematodes (RLNs) in wheat is to assess and then exploit their natural genetic variation. This study examines RLN (Pratylenchus thornei) resistance in 1 Middle Eastern landrace (AUS4930 7.2) and 1 synthetic hexaploid wheat, CROC_1/AE. SQUARROSA (224)//OPATA (CROC), using F2 and F9 populations generated by crossing AUS4930 7.2 and CROC with the susceptible cultivar Pastor, and inoculating these crosses with P. thornei in greenhouse trials. Wheat microsatellite markers linked to previously identified quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for resistance to P. thornei and P. neglectus were used to screen both populations. In the AUS4930 7.2 x Pastor population, resistance loci on chromosomes 1B, 2B, and 6D were detected. Similarly, in the CROC x Pastor population, 2 resistance loci, located on chromosomes 1B and 3B, were identified. Interestingly, a resistance locus located on chromosome 6D was not detected. More detailed mapping is required in these 2 populations, developed using new RLN resistance sources, to determine whether the QTLs identified on these chromosomes are the same, are allelic, or are linked to different resistance loci from those previously identified, and to determine whether these 2 sources contain other novel resistance loci.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g06-090DOI Listing
October 2006