Publications by authors named "Julie Dechene"

10 Publications

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Gonadal Function Recovery in Patients With Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma Treated With a PET-Adapted Regimen: Prospective Analysis of a Randomized Phase III Trial (AHL2011).

J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 22:JCO2100068. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Haematology, University Hospital F Mitterrand and Inserm UMR1231, Dijon, France.

Purpose: The prospective, randomized AHL2011 trial demonstrated that the use of the doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine regimen (ABVD) after two cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (BEACOPP) in early responders on the basis of a positron emission tomography (PET)-driven strategy was safe and minimized toxicity compared with standard 6 BEACOPP cycles. This substudy investigated the benefit of this strategy in gonadal function and fertility in patients under 45 years old.

Methods: Ovarian function was assessed by serum measurement of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol, and anti-müllerian hormone in women, and semen analysis, FSH, and testosterone levels were used to evaluate testicular function in men at baseline, end of treatment, and during 5 years of follow-up.

Results: A total of 145 women and 424 men, enrolled between May 19, 2011, and April 29, 2014, were included. The risk of premature ovarian insufficiency (FSH > 24 IU/L) and of having a low ovarian reserve (anti-müllerian hormone < 0.5 ng/mL) was reduced after treatment in the PET-driven group (odds ratio [OR], 0.20; 95% CI, 0.08 to 0.50; = .001 and OR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.04 to 0.56, = .005, respectively). Both parameters were correlated with age and dose of alkylating agents. However, no significant differences were observed in terms of pregnancy rates. Men in the PET-driven group had a higher recovery rate of sperm parameters after treatment compared with the standard BEACOPP group, as well as a lower risk of severe testicular damage (OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.13 to 0.5; < .0001) and a higher likelihood of achieving pregnancy (OR, 3.7; 95% CI, 1.4 to 9.3; = .004).

Conclusion: Although both treatments affected ovarian reserve and spermatogenesis, the PET-driven strategy decreased the risk of gonadal dysfunction and infertility in advanced Hodgkin lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.21.00068DOI Listing
June 2021

Letrozole-associated controlled ovarian hyperstimulation in breast cancer patients versus conventional controlled ovarian hyperstimulation in infertile patients: assessment of oocyte quality related biomarkers.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2019 Jan 3;17(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Fertility Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CUB-Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Route de Lennik 808, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Fertility preservation (FP) protocols in case of breast cancer (BC) include mature oocyte cryopreservation following letrozole associated controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (Let-COH). To date, the impact of Let-COH on the follicular microenvironment has been poorly investigated, although a high androgen/estrogen ratio was previously associated with low oocyte quality.

Methods: In this prospective study, follicular fluid (FF) steroid levels (estradiol, testosterone, progesterone) and cumulus cell (CC) gene expression related to oocyte quality (HAS2, PTGS2, GREM1) were compared between 23 BC patients undergoing Let-COH for FP and 24 infertile patients undergoing conventional COH without letrozole. All patients underwent an antagonist COH cycle, and ovulation was triggered with hCG or GnRHa in both groups.

Results: FF estradiol levels were significantly lower while testosterone levels were significantly higher in the study group compared to controls irrespective of the trigger method. However, estradiol levels increased significantly with GnRHa triggering compared to hCG in the study group (median = 194.5 (95.4-438) vs 64.4 (43.8-152.4) ng/ml, respectively, p < 0.001), but not in the control group (median = 335.5 (177.5-466.7) vs 354 (179-511) ng/ml, respectively). After hCG trigger, Cumulus cell (CC) gene expression was lower in the study group compared to the control group, and difference was significant for PTGS2. Conversely, CC gene expression of PTGS2 and GREM1 was significantly higher in the study group compared to controls when ovulation was triggered with GnRHa.

Conclusions: Let-COH triggered with hCG may negatively impact oocyte quality. However, ovulation triggering with GnRHa may improve the oocyte microenvironment and cumulus cell genes expression in Let-COH, suggesting a positive impact on oocyte quality in breast cancer patients.

Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov - NCT02661932 , registered 25 January 2016, retrospectively registered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12958-018-0443-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318989PMC
January 2019

Outcomes of immature oocytes collected from ovarian tissue for cryopreservation in adult and prepubertal patients.

Reprod Biomed Online 2017 Jun 20;34(6):575-582. Epub 2017 Mar 20.

Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Campus Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium; Fertility Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CUB-Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium.

The efficiency of oocyte in-vitro maturation (IVM) and vitrification procedures after ex-vivo collection from ovarian tissue were assessed according to patient age, number of retrieved oocytes and tissue transport conditions. The combined procedure was performed in 136 patients: 130 adults (mean 27.6 ± 5.6 years) and six prepubertal girls (mean 8.7 ± 2.3 years). A higher mean number of oocytes were collected in girls compared with adults (11.5 ± 8.0 versus 3.8 ± 4.2, respectively, P < 0.001) but the percentage of degenerated oocytes was significantly higher in girls (35.5% versus 17.1%, respectively, P < 0.001). IVM rates were significantly lower in prepubertal than postpubertal population (10.3% versus 28.1%, P = 0.002). In adults, a negative correlation was observed between number of retrieved oocytes and age (P = 0.002; r = -0.271); the correlation was positive between anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and number of collected oocytes (P = 0.002; r = 0.264). IVM rates were not correlated with AMH levels (r = 0.06) or age (r = -0.033). At present, nine oocytes and one embryo have been warmed in four patients and one biochemical pregnancy obtained. This suggests the combined procedure could be an additional option for fertility preservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2017.03.007DOI Listing
June 2017

Reply to M. Lambertini et al.

J Clin Oncol 2017 03 28;35(7):805-806. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

Isabelle Demeestere, Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium; Pauline Brice, St Louis Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Fedro A. Peccatori, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy; Alain Kentos, Jolimont Hospital, Haine-Saint-Paul, Belgium; Jehan Dupuis, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris, France; Pierre Zachee, Algemeen Ziekenhuis Stuivenberg, Antwerp, Belgium; Rene-Olivier Casasnovas, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon, Dijon, France; Eric Van Den Neste, Cliniques Universitaires Université Catholique de Louvain Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium; Julie Dechene, Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium; Viviane De Maertelaer, Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie Humaine et Moléculaire, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium; Dominique Bron, J. Bordet Institute, Brussels, Belgium; and Yvon Englert, Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Université Libre de Bruxelles, and Erasme Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2016.70.6093DOI Listing
March 2017

No Evidence for the Benefit of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist in Preserving Ovarian Function and Fertility in Lymphoma Survivors Treated With Chemotherapy: Final Long-Term Report of a Prospective Randomized Trial.

J Clin Oncol 2016 08 23;34(22):2568-74. Epub 2016 May 23.

Isabelle Demeestere, Julie Dechene, Yvon Englert, and Viviane De Maertelaer, Université Libre de Bruxelles; Alain Kentos and Yvon Englert, Erasme Hospital; Eric Van Den Neste, Cliniques Universitaires UCL Saint-Luc; Dominique Bron, J. Bordet Institute, Brussels; Pierre Zachee, Algemeen Ziekenhuis Stuivenberg, Antwerpen, Belgium; Pauline Brice, St Louis Hospital, APHP; Jehan Dupuis, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Paris; Olivier Casasnovas, CHU de Dijon, Dijon, France; and Fedro A. Peccatori, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Milano, Italy.

Purpose: We have reported previously that after 1-year follow up, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) did not prevent chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian failure (POF) in patients with lymphoma, but may provide protection of the ovarian reserve. Here, we report the final analysis of the cohort after 5 years of follow up.

Patients And Methods: A total of 129 patients with lymphoma were randomly assigned to receive either triptorelin plus norethisterone (GnRHa group) or norethisterone alone (control group) during chemotherapy. Ovarian function and fertility were reported after 2, 3, 4, and 5 to 7 years of follow up. The primary end point was POF, defined as at least one follicle-stimulating hormone value of > 40 IU/L after 2 years of follow up.

Results: Sixty-seven patients 26.21 ± 0.64 years of age had available data after a median follow-up time of 5.33 years in the GnRHa group and 5.58 years in the control group (P = .452). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed a significantly increased risk of POF in patients according to age (P = .047), the conditioning regimen for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (P = .002), and the cumulative dose of cyclophosphamide > 5 g/m(2) (P = .019), but not to the coadministration of GnRHa during chemotherapy (odds ratio, 0.702; P = .651). The ovarian reserve, evaluated using anti-Müllerian hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels, was similar in both groups. Fifty-three percent and 43% achieved pregnancy in the GnRHa and control groups, respectively (P = .467).

Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first long-term analysis confirming that GnRHa is not efficient in preventing chemotherapy-induced POF in young patients with lymphoma and did not influence future pregnancy rate. These results reopen the debate about the drug's benefit in that it should not be recommended as standard for fertility preservation in patients with lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2015.65.8864DOI Listing
August 2016

Evaluation of quantitative polymerase chain reaction markers for the detection of breast cancer cells in ovarian tissue stored for fertility preservation.

Fertil Steril 2015 Aug 3;104(2):410-7.e4. Epub 2015 Jun 3.

Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles-ULB, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Objective: To develop molecular tools increasing the sensitivity of breast cancer micrometastases detection within ovarian tissue cryopreserved for fertility preservation.

Design: Expression of breast markers was evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in ovarian tissue from patients with benign or cancerous diseases. Suspected tissues were long-term xenografted into mice.

Setting: Academic research institute.

Patient(s): Patients undergoing a fertility preservation procedure.

Intervention(s): Ovarian tissue was processed for RNA extraction and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Cryopreserved ovarian cortex from patients with breast cancer or benign disease was grafted for 6 months into severe combined immunodeficiency mice.

Main Outcomes Measure(s): Predictive values of mammaglobin 1 (MGB-1), gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15), small breast epithelial mucine (SBEM), and mammaglobin 2 (MGB-2) to detect breast cancer cells in ovarian tissue, and the potential development of cancerous disease after xenograft of ovarian cortex from breast cancer patients.

Result(s): MGB-1 and GCDFP-15 presented the highest predictive values to detect breast cancer micrometastases in the ovarian cortex, with an efficiency reaching 100% and 77%, respectively. The MGB-2 assay resulted in a high false-positive rate (47%) in the ovarian cortex but could be used to detect breast cancer cells in ovarian medulla. MGB-1 was detected in three of five ovarian cortex samples from early-stage breast cancer patients but not in the ovarian tissue from advanced breast cancer patients (none of 10). None of the mice grafted with ovarian tissue expressing these markers developed cancerous disease.

Conclusion(s): MGB-1, GCDFP-15, and MGB-2 can serve as molecular markers for the detection of breast cancer micrometastases within the ovarian tissue of breast cancer patients. However, the clinical relevance of such a highly sensitive assay must be further investigated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.04.036DOI Listing
August 2015

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced ovarian failure in patients with lymphoma: 1-year follow-up of a prospective randomized trial.

J Clin Oncol 2013 Mar 5;31(7):903-9. Epub 2012 Nov 5.

Universite´ Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in preventing chemotherapy-induced ovarian failure in patients treated for Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma within the setting of a multicenter, randomized, prospective trial.

Patients And Methods: Patients age 18 to 45 years were randomly assigned to receive either the GnRHa triptorelin plus norethisterone (GnRHa group) or norethisterone alone (control group) concomitantly with alkylating agents containing chemotherapy. The primary end point was the premature ovarian failure (POF) rate (follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] ≥ 40 IU/L) after 1 year of follow-up.

Results: Eighty-four of 129 randomly assigned patients completed the 1-year follow-up. The mean FSH values were higher in the control group than in the GnRHa group during chemotherapy; however, this difference was no longer observed after 6 months of follow-up. After 1 year, 20% and 19% of patients in the GnRHa and control groups, respectively, exhibited POF (P = 1.00). More than half of patients in each group completely restored their ovarian function (FSH < 10 IU/L), but the anti-Müllerian hormone values were higher in the GnRHa group than in the control group (1.4 ± 0.35 v 0.5 ± 0.15 ng/mL, respectively; P = .040). The occurrence of adverse events was similar in both groups with the exception of metrorrhagia, which was more frequently observed in the control group than the GnRHa group (38.4% v 15.6%, respectively; P = .024).

Conclusion: Approximately 20% of patients in both groups exhibited POF after 1 year of follow-up. Triptorelin was not associated with a significant decreased risk of POF in young patients treated for lymphoma but may provide protection of the ovarian reserve.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2012.42.8185DOI Listing
March 2013

Safety of ovarian tissue autotransplantation for cancer patients.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2012 27;2012:495142. Epub 2011 Dec 27.

Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Faculty of Medicine, Free University of Brussels, 808, Route de Lennik, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium.

Cancer treatments can induce premature ovarian failure in almost half of young women suffering from invasive neoplasia. Cryopreservation of ovarian cortex and subsequent autotransplantation of frozen-thawed tissue have emerged as promising alternatives to conventional fertility preservation technologies. However, human ovarian tissue is generally harvested before the administration of gonadotoxic treatment and could be contaminated with malignant cells. The safety of autotransplantation of ovarian cortex remains a major concern for fertility preservation units worldwide. This paper discusses the main tools for detecting disseminated cancer cells currently available, their limitations, and clinical relevance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/495142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3255286PMC
August 2012

Vitrification of in vitro matured oocytes collected from antral follicles at the time of ovarian tissue cryopreservation.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2011 Nov 23;9:150. Epub 2011 Nov 23.

Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Faculty of Medicine, Campus Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1070 Brussels, Belgium.

Background: In the past few years, cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has become an established procedure proposed in many centers around the world and transplantation has successfully resulted in full-term pregnancies and deliveries in human. This prospective study aims to evaluate the feasibility of vitrifying in vitro matured oocytes (IVM) isolated at the time of ovarian tissue cryopreservation to improve the efficiency of fertility preservation programs.

Methods: Oocyte-cumulus complexes were retrieved from freshly collected ovarian cortex by aspirating antral follicular fluid, and were matured in vitro for 24-48 h prior to vitrification. Oocytes were matured in an IVM commercial medium (Copper Surgical, USA) supplemented with 75 mIU/ml FSH and 75 mIU/ml LH and vitrified using a commercial vitrification kit (Irvine Scientific, California) in high security vitrification straws (CryoBioSystem, France). Oocyte collection and IVM rates were evaluated according to the age, the cycle period and the amount of tissue collected.

Results: Immature oocyte retrieval from ovarian tissue was carried out in 57 patients between 8 and 35 years of age, undergoing ovarian tissue cryopreservation. A total of 266 oocytes were isolated, 28 of them were degenerated, 200 were at germinal vesicle stage (GV), 35 were in metaphase I (MI) and 3 displayed a visible polar body (MII). The number of oocytes collected was positively correlated with the amount of tissue cryopreserved (p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with the age of the patients (p = 0.005). Oocytes were obtained regardless of menstrual cycle period or contraception. A total maturation rate of 31% was achieved, leading to the vitrification of at least one mature oocyte for half of the cohort.

Conclusions: The study showed that a significant number of immature oocytes can be collected from excised ovarian tissue whatever the menstrual cycle phases and the age of the patients, even for prepubertal girls.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1477-7827-9-150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3248844PMC
November 2011
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