Publications by authors named "Juliana Capannacci"

3 Publications

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Comparison of microRNA Expression Profile in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients Newly Diagnosed and Treated by Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Front Oncol 2020 4;10:1544. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Department of Internal Medicine, São Paulo State University (UNESP-FMB), Botucatu, Brazil.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) results from a translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, which generates the Philadelphia chromosome. This forms BCR/ABL1, an active tyrosine kinase protein that promotes cell growth and replication. Despite great progress in CML treatment in the form of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, allogeneic-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently used as an important treatment alternative for patients resistant to these inhibitors. Studies have shown that unregulated expression of microRNAs, which act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, is associated with human cancers. This contributes to tumor formation and development by stimulating proliferation, angiogenesis, and invasion. Research has demonstrated the potential of microRNAs as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic targets. In the present study, we compared the circulating microRNA expression profiles of 14 newly diagnosed patients with chronic phase-CML and 14 Philadelphia chromosome-negative patients after allo-HSCT. For each patient, we tested 758 microRNAs by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis. The global expression profile of microRNAs revealed 16 upregulated and 30 downregulated microRNAs. Target genes were analyzed, and key pathways were extracted and compared. Bioinformatics tools were used to analyze data. Among the downregulated miRNA target genes, some genes related to cell proliferation pathways were identified. These results reveal the comprehensive microRNA profile of CML patients and the main pathways related to the target genes of these miRNAs in cytogenetic remission after allo-HSCT. These results provide new resources for exploring stem cell transplantation-based CML treatment strategies.
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September 2020

Circulating microRNAs expression profile in newly diagnosed and imatinib treated chronic phase - chronic myeloid leukemia.

Leuk Lymphoma 2019 03 6;60(3):805-811. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

a Department of Internal Medical , São Paulo State University (UNESP-FMB) , Botucatu , SP , Brazil.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a stem cell derived malignant disorder result of translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11) called Philadelphia chromosome (Ph). microRNAS (miRNAs) are involved in several biological processes, altering the progression of various pathologies, including CML. This study evaluated whether circulating miRNAs display differential expression profiles in peripheral blood of CML-Chronic Phase (CML-CP) patients newly diagnosed in comparison with CML-CP treated with imatinib. We obtained peripheral blood samples from CML-CP Ph patients divided among group 1 (untreated newly diagnosed) and group 2 (treated with imatinib). A pool of total leukocytes from healthy donors was considered as control group. Expression analyses were performed for 768 miRNAs by RT-qPCR array. Bioinformatic tools were used to identify significant pathways and interaction networks. We found 80 deregulated miRNAs between the groups and, according to bioinformatic analysis, they are involved in different pathways, including molecular mechanisms of cancer. The study allows better understanding of disease molecular behavior, and it is useful for possible monitoring CML treatment and prognostic biomarkers identification.
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March 2019