Publications by authors named "Juha T Puntila"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Resection of the stenotic segment with individually tailored anastomosis for symptomatic congenital tracheal stenosis in infants.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2014 Jun 28;45(6):e215-9. Epub 2014 Mar 28.

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Objectives: To analyse retrospectively population-based results of congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) repair in infants in Finland.

Methods: Data on infants who were operated on for CTS in Helsinki Children's Hospital between August 1988 and May 2013 were analysed retrospectively. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy was performed perioperatively and in follow-up of all the surviving patients. The median follow-up time was 7 (range 1-20) years.

Results: Thirteen infants were operated on for CTS. Resection of the stenotic segment with individually tailored anastomosis was used in 12 patients and slide tracheoplasty in 1 patient. The median age at the operation was 2.9 (range 0.2-19) months. Eight (62%) patients had associated cardiovascular defects, which were corrected during the same operation. The median length of stenosis was 35% (range 25-60%) of the total length of the trachea. The median length of time of postoperative mechanical ventilation was 10 (range 5-19) days. The median length of time of intensive care treatment was 15 (range 7-40) days. One patient died from hypoplastic lung tissue and fibrosis, and multiorgan failure. One patient required reoperation, and 3 other patients received balloon bronchodilatations postoperatively. There was no late mortality. All of the 12 survivors had a good outcome.

Conclusion: Resection with individually tailored anastomosis with up to 55% of the stenotic segment of the trachea presented a good long-term outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezu113DOI Listing
June 2014

Prevention of postoperative pericardial adhesions in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2011 Feb 16;12(2):270-2. Epub 2010 Nov 16.

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, P.O.B. 281, 00029 Helsinki, Finland.

Reoperations for congenital cardiac defects are associated with an increased surgical risk due to adhesions. We compared the capability of a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane, synthetic polyethyleneglycol hydrogel (PEG), and a combination of them to prevent postoperative pericardial adhesions in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Eighteen consecutive patients with HLHS were included. At the end of the Norwood I operation the cranial and the caudal half of the heart of each patient was randomized to receive a PTFE membrane, a synthetic PEG, a combination of them, or no treatment (control). Tenacity and density of adhesions, epicardial visibility, and adhesions between the heart and the sternum were analyzed semiquantitatively at a subsequent bidirectional Glenn operation. The PTFE membrane significantly decreased adhesion formation between the heart and the sternum (P<0.001). However, the PTFE membrane, with or without synthetic PEG, impaired epicardial visibility (P<0.05) when compared to synthetic PEG or controls. Synthetic PEG alone did not significantly reduce the formation of pericardial adhesions. Tenacity and density of adhesions were not affected by any of the treatment modalities. The PTFE membrane significantly decreases postoperative adhesions between the heart and the sternum, but impairs epicardial visibility. Synthetic PEG does not prevent formation of pericardial adhesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1510/icvts.2010.241448DOI Listing
February 2011
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