Publications by authors named "Juergen Osterbrink"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Home care nursing for persons with dementia from a family caregivers' point of view: Predictors of utilisation in a rural setting in Austria.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of General Practice, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

The service utilisation of persons with dementia (PwD) and their caregivers is subject to lively debate. The reasons for non-utilisation are manifold and heterogeneous. Conceptual models and explanatory frameworks may help identify predictors of the usage of health services. Literature examining the utilisation of home care services for PwD is scarce. This study explored predictors of home care nursing utilisation of PwD and their informal caregivers in a rural setting, according to the Andersen Behavioural Model of Health Care Use. A mixed-methods study was conducted in a rural area of Austria. In using non-random multistage sampling, anonymous questionnaires were distributed to collect data on family caregivers of PwD. Data were analysed using sequential binary logistic regression to characterise home care service users. To reflect the complexity of the Andersen model, a regression tree model was used. In total, 107 family caregivers completed the survey. Predisposing factors for home care nursing utilisation were higher age of the caregiver, female gender of PwD and kinship of the PwD and caregiver. Disruptive behaviour and independence in activities of daily living of PwD were associated with need factors for service use. According to the Andersen model, the predisposing and need factors contributed most to the explanation of home care nursing utilisation. The enabling factors employment, education and income tend to predict service use. Our findings indicate that higher age of the family caregiver and female gender of PwD are the main predictors for utilisation of home care nursing in a rural setting. To improve utilisation, the advantages of professional care services should be promoted, and the awareness about the variety of services available should be increased. To ensure a better understanding of the barriers to accessing home care, PwD should more often be included in healthcare service research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13412DOI Listing
May 2021

Comparing perspectives of family caregivers and healthcare professionals regarding caregiver burden in dementia care: results of a mixed methods study in a rural setting.

Age Ageing 2020 02;49(2):199-207

Institute of General Practice, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Persons with dementia (PwD) need support to remain in their own homes as long as possible. Family caregivers, homecare nurses and general practitioners (GPs) play an important role in providing this support, particularly in rural settings. Assessing caregiver burden is important to prevent adverse health effects among this population. This study analysed perceived burden and needs of family caregivers of PwD in rural areas from the perspectives of healthcare professionals and family caregivers.

Methods: This was a sequential explanatory mixed methods study that used both questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Questionnaires measuring caregiver burden, quality of life and nursing needs were distributed to the caregivers; health professionals received questionnaires with adjusted items for each group. Additionally, in-depth qualitative interviews were carried out with eight family caregivers.

Results: The cross-sectional survey population included GPs (n = 50), homecare nurses (n = 140) and family caregivers (n = 113). Healthcare professionals similarly assessed the psychosocial burden and stress caused by behavioural disturbances as most relevant. Psychological stress, social burden and disruptive behaviour (in that order) were regarded as the most important factors from the caregivers' perspective. It was found that 31% of caregivers reported permanent or frequent caregiver overload. Eight themes related to caregiver burden emerged from the subsequent interviews with caregivers.

Conclusions: Professional support at home on an hourly basis was found to be highly relevant to prevent social isolation and compensate for lack of leisure among caregivers of PwD. Improvement of interprofessional dementia-related education is needed to ensure high-quality primary care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afz165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047818PMC
February 2020

A Prospective Multicentre Study to Improve Postoperative Pain: Identification of Potentialities and Problems.

PLoS One 2015 24;10(11):e0143508. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

Institute of Nursing Science and Practice, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Many studies still indicate insufficient pain management after surgery, e.g., in patients after small- or medium-size operations. Yet it is still uncertain if postoperative pain based on patient-related outcomes can be improved by implementing guideline-related programmes in a multicentre approach. Adult patients in six hospitals in one German city were included in this prospective study. Data collection took place twice in each hospital, once before and once after implementation of concepts and in-house training. Pain and pain-related aspects were assessed one day after surgery and compared between the pre- and post-test group including subgroup analysis of certain surgical procedures by using Student's t-tests, Mann-Whitney U tests and chi-square tests (alphatwo-tailed = 0.05). Overall, pain at rest and during movement was slightly lower after the intervention. Significant changes were observed after thoracic surgery, small joint surgery and other minor surgical procedures. The rather moderate decrease in pain likely relates to a reasonable pre-existing pain management and to detached improvements in certain patient subgroups. Interestingly, specific analyses revealed significantly lower post-test pain as compared to pre-test pain only in patients without pre-existing chronic pain. Side effects related to pain medication were significantly lower after intervention. Our data show, for the first time, benefits of a perioperative teaching programme in a multicentre approach. Pain ratings improved mainly in specific subgroups of patients, e.g., small surgical procedures and patients without preoperative pain. Thus, general improvement is possible but special attention should be paid to the group of patients with preoperative pain.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0143508PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4658204PMC
June 2016

Worldwide experience with sugammadex sodium: implications for the United States.

AANA J 2015 Apr;83(2):107-15

Sugammadex sodium is a modified γ-cyclodextrin with a very high affinity for rocuronium and, to a lesser extent, vecuronium molecules. In vivo administration results in immediate encapsulation of rocuronium and vecuronium, resulting in termination of neuro- muscular blockade, usually within 3 minutes. This new neuromuscular blocking agent is specific for the aminosteroidal neuromuscular blocking agents rocuronium and vecuronium. Experience gained through worldwide clinical use of sugammadex offers US anesthesia providers the opportunity to better understand this new drug and its clinical applications. The seminal and current literature concerning clinical use of sugammadex is reviewed, and considerations for its incorporation into practice are provided.
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April 2015