Publications by authors named "Judith Rittenschober-Boehm"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Considerable mortality and morbidity in neonates born below 500 gram.

Acta Paediatr 2021 08 19;110(8):2359-2365. Epub 2021 May 19.

Comprehensive Center for Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Neonatology, Intensive Care and Neuropediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Data evaluating mortality and morbidity in infants born ≤500 g are scarce and show wide variability. To support counselling and decision-making, we analysed neurodevelopmental outcome in all neonates ≤500 g birth weight. Retrospective analysis including preterm infants with a birth weight ≤500 g and a gestational age >22 weeks born at a single tertiary perinatal centre between 2010 and 2017. Of 59 live births, 88% received standard care. Birth weight ranged from 318 to 500 g and gestational age from 23 to 29 weeks. 56% of neonates were born ≤3rd percentile and 42% of treated infants survived. Neurodevelopmental outcome was available in 91% of patients and was evaluated using Bayley Scales of Infant Development at two years. 50% showed a favourable mental development (normal or mild impairment), 75% a favourable motor development and 45% a favourable outcome in both outcome subcategories. When additionally considering visual and hearing disability and, or, cerebral palsy level ≥2 according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System 35% had a good neurodevelopmental outcome. Survival rate was 37% for all live births and 42% for infants with standard care. More than one-third of survivors showed no significant neurodevelopmental impairment at two years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15885DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8360180PMC
August 2021

Impact of Different Types of Nosocomial Infection on the Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Very Low Birth Weight Infants.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 9;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Division of Neonatology, Intensive Care and Neuropediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Comprehensive Center for Pediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Nosocomial infections (NIs) are important conditions associated with mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of NIs and the different subtypes on neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of VLBWIs. VLBWIs born with a gestational age between 23 and 31 weeks in a level III neonatal center were enrolled. Neonatal morbidities as well as the neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of corrected age were analyzed. Six-hundred infants completed the study successfully. Of these, 38% experienced an NI episode. NIs were associated with an increased risk of neonatal complications, such as brain injury, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and death, and were a significant risk factor for adverse motor development at 2 years of corrected age in our cohort of VLBWIs. The negative impact of NIs on neurodevelopmental outcomes was particularly associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), suspected NIs and Gram-positive NIs. This study demonstrated that NIs are a significant risk factor for both morbidity and mortality as well as adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in VLBWIs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/children8030207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8000764PMC
March 2021

A Cyanotic Newborn with a Pink Right Upper Extremity.

Case Rep Pediatr 2020 29;2020:8873156. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Aberrant origin of the subclavian artery (SCA) is a well-known vascular anomaly as part of congenital heart diseases with the left subclavian artery (LSCA) being more frequently affected than the right subclavian artery (RSCA). Complete isolation of the SCA is an even more infrequent aortic arch anomaly, occurring in less than 1% for the LSCA and even less for the RSCA. Isolation of the RSCA in patients with d-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) is even scanter with only a hand full of cases being reported in the literature. However, isolation of the RSCA has important implications on hemodynamics and surgical strategies. In this case report, we present a newborn patient with D-TGA which presented with distinct differential cyanosis. While the right upper extremity appeared pink with an oxygen saturation of 100%, the rest of the body was cyanotic. At first, this appearance was interpreted as the Harlequin phenomenon during primary care. However, detailed echocardiography revealed an aberrant origin of the RSCA from the right pulmonary artery, which led to the differential cyanosis. The patient underwent arterial switch operation on day of life two including dissection and reimplantation of the RSCA. The special hemodynamic situation of this is discussed in terms of pathophysiology and as well as its impact on perioperative and surgical management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8873156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7341379PMC
June 2020
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