Publications by authors named "Judith Boeven"

2 Publications

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Impact of increasing levels of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction on image quality in oil-based postmortem CT angiography in coronary arteries.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Dusseldorf, D-40225, Dusseldorf, Germany.

Introduction: Postmortem multi-detector computed tomography (PMCT) has become an important part in forensic imaging. Modern reconstruction techniques such as iterative reconstruction (IR) are frequently used in postmortem CT angiography (PMCTA). The image quality of PMCTA depends on the strength of IR. For this purpose, we aimed to investigate the impact of different advanced IR levels on the objective and subjective PMCTA image quality.

Material And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the coronary arteries of 27 human cadavers undergoing whole-body postmortem CT angiography between July 2017 and March 2018 in a single center. Iterative reconstructions of the coronary arteries were processed in five different level settings (0%; 30%; 50%; 70%; 100%) by using an adaptive statistical IR method. We evaluated the objective (contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR)) and subjective image quality in several anatomical locations.

Results: Our results demonstrate that the increasing levels of an IR technique have relevant impact on the image quality in PMCTA scans in forensic postmortem examinations. Higher levels of IR have led to a significant reduction of image noise and therefore to a significant improvement of objective image quality (+ 70%). However, subjective image quality is inferior at higher levels of IR due to plasticized image appearance.

Conclusion: Objective image quality in PMCTA progressively improves with increasing level of IR with the best CNR at the highest IR level. However, subjective image quality is best at low to medium levels of IR. To obtain a "classic" image appearance with optimal image quality, PMCTAs should be reconstructed at medium levels of IR.
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February 2021

Implementation of Institutional Size-Specific Diagnostic Reference Levels for CT Angiography.

Acad Radiol 2019 12 22;26(12):1661-1667. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

University Duesseldorf, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Moorenstraße 5, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany.

Rationale And Objectives: To generate institutional size-specific diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for computed tomography angiography (CTA) examinations and assess the potential for dose optimization compared to size-independent DRLs.

Materials And Methods: CTA examinations of the aorta, the pulmonary arteries and of the pelvis/lower extremity performed between January 2016 and January 2017 were included in our retrospective study. Water equivalent diameter (Dw) was automatically calculated for each patient. The relationship between Dw and computed tomography dose index (CTDI) was analyzed and the 75th percentile was chosen as the upper limit for institutional DRLs. Size-specific institutional DRLs were compared to national size-independent DRLs from Germany and the UK.

Results: A total of 1344 examinations were included in our study (n = 733 aortic CTA, n = 406 pulmonary CTA, n = 205 pelvic/lower extremity CTA). Mean Dw was 26 ± 9 cm and mean CTDI was 7.0 ± 4.6 mGy. For all CTA protocols, there was a linear progression of CTDI with increasing Dw with an R² = 0.95 in aortic CTA, R² = 0.94 in pulmonary CTA and R² = 0.93 in pelvic/lower extremity CTA. Median CTDI increased by 0.57 mGy per additional cm Dw in aortic CTA, by 1.1 mGy in pulmonary CTA and by 0.31 mGy in pelvic/lower extremity CTA. Institutional DRLs were lower than national DRLs for average size patients (aortic CTA: Dw 28.2 cm, CTDI 7.6 mGy; pulmonary CTA, Dw 27.9 cm, CTDI 11.8 mGy; pelvic/lower extremity CTA, Dw 20.0 cm, CTDI 6.4 mGy). More dose outliers in small patients were detected with size-specific DRLs compared to national size-independent DRLs (56.4% vs 16.2%).

Conclusion: We implemented institutional size-specific DRLs for CTA examinations which enabled a more precise analysis compared to national sizeindependent DRLs.
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December 2019