Publications by authors named "Juanyan Wu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Control the Neural Stem Cell Fate with Biohybrid Piezoelectrical Magnetite Micromotors.

Nano Lett 2021 Apr 13;21(8):3518-3526. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.

Inducing neural stem cells to differentiate and replace degenerated functional neurons represents the most promising approach for neural degenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, etc. While diverse strategies have been proposed in recent years, most of these are hindered due to uncontrollable cell fate and device invasiveness. Here, we report a minimally invasive micromotor platform with biodegradable helical () as the framework and superparamagnetic FeO nanoparticles/piezoelectric BaTiO nanoparticles as the built-in function units. With a low-strength rotational magnetic field, this integrated micromotor system can perform precise navigation in biofluid and achieve single-neural stem cell targeting. Remarkably, by tuning ultrasound intensity, thus the local electrical output by the motor, directed differentiation of the neural stem cell into astrocytes, functional neurons (dopamine neurons, cholinergic neurons), and oligodendrocytes, can be achieved. This micromotor platform can serve as a highly controllable wireless tool for bioelectronics and neuronal regenerative therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00290DOI Listing
April 2021

Effect of extensin-like OsPEX1 on pollen fertility in rice.

Yi Chuan 2021 Mar;43(3):271-279

College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.

LRXs (leucine-rich repeat extensins) are chimeric cell wall proteins containing an N-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) and a C-terminal extensin domain. Increasing evidences suggest that LRXs family genes play important roles in pollen germination and pollen tube growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, the functions of rice (Oryza sativa L.) LRX genes in pollen development remain poorly understood. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the rice LRX gene family consist of eight members, namely OsPEX3, OsLRX3 and OsLRX5 located on chromosome 1, OsLRX1, OsLRX3, OsLRX2,OsPEX1 and OsPEX2 located on chromosome 2, 5, 6, 11 and 12, respectively. The OsPEX1 gene is preferentially expressed in rice anther, suggesting that it may be involved in the regulation of pollen development. Next, we further investigated the role of the OsPEX1 gene in rice by knockdown of its expression using an RNAi approach. The OsPEX1 RNAi transgenic lines showed a significant decrease in seed setting rate (10%~30%) due to pollen sterility. Further quantitative RT-PCR analysis indicated that the OsPEX1 gene was significantly down-regulated in the RNAi transgenic lines. The results indicate that the OsPEX1plays an important role in the regulation of rice pollen development. Further studies on this gene could provide insights on the molecular and genetic mechanisms in this developmental process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.16288/j.yczz.20-296DOI Listing
March 2021