Publications by authors named "Juanhong Wang"

17 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Bifacial passivation towards efficient FAPbBr-based inverted perovskite light-emitting diodes.

Nanoscale 2020 Jul 3;12(27):14724-14732. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China.

A unique technique to passivate both bottom and top sides of perovskite has been successfully developed to achieve highly efficient inverted perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). For the bottom passivation, an organic/inorganic hybrid electron transporting layer (ETL) replaces the widely adopted inorganic ETL to overcome the disadvantages of the pure inorganic ETL. The ZPM (ZnO-in-polymer matrix) ETL, which consists of ZnO nanoparticles blended into polyvinylpyrrolidone, not only passivates the surface defects of ZnO nanoparticles, but also improves the morphology and stability of FAPbBr film. For the top passivation, smaller grains and a FAPbBr/PEAPbBr 3D/2D hybrid structure are obtained by applying a small amount of PEABr solution. The synergetic interplay of organic/inorganic hybrid ETL and organic halide salt surface modification substantially shrinks the grain size to facilitate radiative recombination, and suppresses non-radiative recombination both at the interface of ETL/perovskite and HTL/perovskite, and in the perovskite layer. As a result, the highly efficient green PeLED sets a new record of device performance for FAPbBr-based inverted PeLEDs, with current efficiency of 39.7 cd A, external quantum efficiency of 9.0%, power efficiency of 46.4 lm W, maximum luminance of 6.03 × 10 cd m, and half-lifetime of 297 minutes at an initial brightness of ∼100 cd m.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0nr02323jDOI Listing
July 2020

MicroRNA-769-5p Promotes The Growth Of Glioma Cells By Targeting Lysine Methyltransferase 2A.

Onco Targets Ther 2019 5;12:9177-9187. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Hospital of Northwest University, Xi'an 710021, People's Republic of China.

Background: Accumulating evidence supports the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the progression of human cancers including glioma. Recently, miR-769-5p has been reported to play a tumor suppressive role in colorectal cancer and lung cancer, whereas it exerts an oncogenic role in melanoma. However, the role of miR-769-5p and its related mechanism are poorly elucidated.

Methods: The levels of miR-769-5p in glioma tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues were detected by qRT-PCR. In addition, the effects of miR-769-5p on cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated by CCK-8, EdU, colony formation and flow cytometric assays, respectively. Meanwhile, the dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to investigate the interaction of miR-769-5p and lysine methyltransferase 2A (KMT2A) in glioma.

Results: We found that miR-769-5p expression was strongly upregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Glioma tissues with high World Health Organization (WHO) grades had obvious higher levels of miR-769-5p compared to samples with low WHO grades. Interestingly, glioma patients highly expressing miR-769-5p showed prominent poorer survivals. Knockdown of miR-769-5p significantly suppressed cell proliferation and resulted in apoptosis in glioma cells. Additionally, miR-769-5p silencing restrained in vivo growth of glioma cells in mice. Interestingly, KMT2A was identified to be a direct target of miR-769-5p in glioma cells. The expression of KMT2A mRNA was downregulated in glioma tissues and inversely correlated with miR-769-5p level. KMT2A overexpression inhibited cell proliferation and induced the apoptosis of A172 cells. Moreover, siRNA-mediated KMT2A silencing could partially abolish miR-769-5p knockdown-induced suppressive effects on A172 cells.

Conclusion: In summary, our findings suggest that targeting miR-769-5p/KMT2A axis may be a promising therapeutic target for glioma treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S222836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6842300PMC
November 2019

Ku80 gene knockdown by the CRISPR/Cas9 technique affects the biological functions of human thyroid carcinoma cells.

Oncol Rep 2019 Dec 1;42(6):2486-2498. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Pathology, Xi'an No. 3 Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710018, P.R. China.

In the present study, to evaluate the role of Ku80 in thyroid carcinoma (TC), 86 thyroid tissue samples from patients with a spectrum of thyroid disorders were examined for protein levels of Ku80, nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) and RET/TC by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, in TC cells, Ku80 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR analysis and silenced using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR‑associated protein 9 (Cas9) technique to assess its role. An antibody array was used to identify Ku80‑related regulatory genes. The protein levels of Ku80 in the TC tissues were significantly higher than those in non‑neoplastic adjacent tissue samples (P<0.01). The activation of NF‑kB and expression of RET/TC in the TC group were significantly increased (P<0.05) and were correlated with the protein expression of Ku80 (P<0.05). In papillary TC cells, the mRNA levels of Ku80 were high; Ku80 knockdown resulted in reductions in proliferation, invasion and colony formation, increased apoptosis, and reduced levels of proteins involved in MAPK signaling, cell proliferation and apoptosis. The high expression of Ku80 in TC was found to be associated with the expression of RET/TC and activation of NF‑κB, and Ku80 knockdown decreased the malignancy of TC cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6826323PMC
December 2019

Effects of heating or ultrasound treatment on the enzymolysis and the structure characterization of hempseed protein isolates.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Jul 6;56(7):3337-3346. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

2College of Food Science and Light Industry, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, 211816 People's Republic of China.

The effects of heating (90 °C/30 min) or ultrasound (200/400/600 W) treatment on antioxidant and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory (ACEI) activity of hydrolysates from hempseed protein isolates (HPI) were studied. The secondary structure, surface hydrophobicity, intrinsic fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of HPI treated by heating or ultrasound were measured. The results showed that hydrolysate from HPI treated with ultrasound at 200 W showed higher hydrolysis degree, proportion of lower molecular mass components (1.0-3.0 kDa), antioxidant and ACEI activity than those from heating or high-power treated. The changes in secondary structure, surface hydrophobicity and intrinsic fluorescence indicated the unfolding of HPI after ultrasound. The SEM results showed that HPI treated with ultrasound at 200 W exhibited decrease in particle size and deformation and further increased in power caused the aggregates of HPI. In conclusion, the ultrasound treatment at low-power was superior to 90 °C/30 min treatment in facilitating enzymatic release of antioxidant and ACEI peptides from HPI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03815-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6582010PMC
July 2019

Knockdown of POLE2 expression suppresses lung adenocarcinoma cell malignant phenotypes in vitro.

Oncol Rep 2018 Nov 17;40(5):2477-2486. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Institute of Cancer Research, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.

In the present study, we profiled β‑elemene‑regulated gene expression and investigated the effects of the silencing of the DNA polymerase epsilon 2, accessory subunit (POLE2) in lung cancer cells. Differently expressed genes were profiled in A549 cells incubated in the presence or absence of β‑elemene by Affymetrix Human Gene Expression Array. POLE2 shRNA was then constructed to knock down POLE2 expression. Cells were counted and phenotypes were assessed via CCK‑8, colony formation and caspase-3/-7 activity assays. PathScan antibody array analysis was used to identify shPOLE2‑regulated genes. The cDNA microarray identified a total of 721 differentially expressed genes in the A549 cells. Furthermore, knockdown of POLE2 expression inhibited A549 and NCI‑H1299 cell proliferation and apoptosis. The PathScan data indicated that expression levels of p‑Akt (phosphorylated‑protein kinase B, p‑AKT/p‑PKB), p‑Smad2 (phosphorylated mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2), p‑p38 MAPK (phosphorylated mitogen‑activated protein kinases p38), p‑SAPK/JNK (phosphorylated c‑Jun N‑terminal protein kinase/stress activated protein kinase), cleaved caspase‑7, IκBα (nuclear factor of κ light polypeptide gene enhancer in B‑cell inhibitor, α), p‑Chk1 (phosphorylated checkpoint kinase 1), p‑IκBα, p‑eIF2α (phosphorylated eukayotic translational initiation factor 2α), p‑TAK1 (phosphorylated TGF‑B‑activated kinase 1), survivin and α‑tubulin were significantly lower in shPOLE2 cells than these levels in the shCtrl cells. The PathScan data indicated that the expression levels of p‑p53 (phosphorylated tumor protein 53) were significantly higher in the shPOLE2 cells than these levels in the shCtrl cells. β‑elemene can restrain human lung cancer A549 and NCI‑H1299 cell proliferation and apoptosis by suppressing POLE2 expression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2018.6659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151888PMC
November 2018

All-Solution-Processed Pure Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes.

Adv Mater 2018 Sep 12;30(39):e1804137. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, Guangzhou, 510640, P. R. China.

All-solution-processed pure formamidinium-based perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) with record performance are successfully realized. It is found that the FAPbBr device is hole dominant. To achieve charge carrier balance, on the anode side, PEDOT:PSS 8000 is employed as the hole injection layer, replacing PEDOT:PSS 4083 to suppress the hole current. On the cathode side, the solution-processed ZnO nanoparticle (NP) is used as the electron injection layer in regular PeLEDs to improve the electron current. With the smallest ZnO NPs (2.9 nm) as electron injection layer (EIL), the solution-processed PeLED exhibits a highest forward viewing power efficiency of 22.3 lm W , a peak current efficiency of 21.3 cd A , and an external quantum efficiency of 4.66%. The maximum brightness reaches a record 1.09 × 10 cd m . A record lifetime T of 436 s is achieved at the initial brightness of 10 000 cd m . Not only do PEDOT:PSS 8000 HIL and ZnO NPs EIL modulate the injected charge carriers to reach charge balance, but also they prevent the exciton quenching at the interface between the charge injection layer and the light emission layer. The subbandgap turn-on voltage is attributed to Auger-assisted energy up-conversion process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201804137DOI Listing
September 2018

A robust tissue laser platform for analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies.

Lab Chip 2018 03;18(7):1057-1065

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 1101 Beal Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Laser emission-based detection and imaging technology has attracted significant interest in biomedical research due to its high sensitivity, narrow linewidth, and superior spectral and spatial resolution. Recent advances have further revealed the potential to use laser emission to investigate chromatin dynamics, as well as to diagnose cancer tissues based on nuclear biomarkers. To move the laser emission based detection technology a step further towards practical use, in this work, we developed a highly robust tissue laser platform by microfabricating an SU8 spacer with a fixed height on the top mirror of the Fabry-Pérot (FP) cavity, which allows generation of reproducible and stable lasing results regardless of tissue thickness. Then we applied this platform to achieve lasing emission from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) lung tissues, which account for an overwhelming fraction of tissues collected for research and clinical use worldwide. We further showed that the cancer and normal FFPE lung tissues can be distinguished by their respective lasing thresholds. Two different tissue thicknesses (10 μm and 5 μm) commonly used in pathological labs were explored. Finally, we tested three additional types of tissues (colon, stomach, and breast) that were prepared independently by lab technicians in a pathology lab in China and shipped to the US in order to validate the general applicability and practicality of the laser emission-based technology as well as the corresponding sample preparation protocol and the tissue laser platform. Our work will not only vastly broaden the applications of laser emission-based detection/imaging technology but also help translate it from the laboratory to an automated system for clinical practice that may eventually benefit biomedicine and biological research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8lc00084kDOI Listing
March 2018

Highly Efficient All-Solution Processed Inverted Quantum Dots Based Light Emitting Diodes.

ACS Nano 2018 02 30;12(2):1564-1570. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology , Guangzhou 510640, China.

In all-solution processed inverted quantum dots based light emitting diodes (QLEDs), the solvent erosion on the quantum dot (QD) layer prevents devices from reaching high performance. By employing an orthogonal solvent 1,4-dioxane for the hole transport layer (HTL) poly(9-vinlycarbazole) (PVK), the external quantum efficiencies (EQE) of red QLED is increased 4-fold, while the luminous efficiencies (LE) of blue QLED is enhanced by 25 times, compared to the previous devices' record. To further improve the device efficiency and reduce the efficiency roll-off, solution processed PVK/poly [(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)-co-(4,4'-(N-(p-butylphenyl))diphenylamine)] (TFB) double-layer HTL is introduced to facilitate hole injection with stepwise energy level. By reducing the hole injection barrier, the turn-on voltage of QLEDs decreases from 3.4 to 2.7 V for red, from 5.1 to 2.7 V for green, and from 5.3 to 4.1 V for blue. The peak LE reach 22.1 cd/A, 21.4 cd/A, and 1.99 cd/A, while the maximum EQE reach 12.7%, 5.29%, and 5.99%, for red, green, and blue QLEDs, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the red and blue QLEDs exhibit the best device performance among all the all-solution processed inverted QLEDs. In addition, the blue QLED is the champion among all the inverted QLEDs, including the devices fabricated by thermal evaporation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b08129DOI Listing
February 2018

Suppression of SIRT6 by miR-33a facilitates tumor growth of glioma through apoptosis and oxidative stress resistance.

Oncol Rep 2017 Aug 3;38(2):1251-1258. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

Department of Neurology, Xi'an Third Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, P.R. China.

microRNA-33a (miR-33a) belongs to the miR-33 family that is implicated in the progression of various types of cancers. Aberrant expression of miR-33a has been detected in several human cancers, and has been shown to regulate the migration and invasion as well as proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells. However, the clinical significance and precise mechanisms underlying the dysfunction of miR-33a in glioma have not been well investigated in previous studies. In this study, overexpression of miR-33a was observed in clinical glioma specimens and cell lines. Clinicopathological detection revealed that miR-33a highly expressing patients showed large tumor sized and advanced World Health Organization (WHO) grade as well as reduced overall survival. Furthermore, the results of in vitro experiments confirmed that loss of miR-33a resulted in reduced proliferation and enhanced apoptosis in U251 cells, while miR-33a restoration showed opposite effects in U87 cells. Further studies indicated that miR-33a knockdown restrained tumor growth of glioma in vivo. miR-33a negatively regulated the expression of sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) at both mRNA and protein levels via targeting the 3'UTR of SIRT6 mRNA. SIRT6 was underexpressed and inversely correlated with miR-33a expression in the glioma tissues. Mechanistically, SIRT6 overexpression increased the levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) while it reduced cell survival under H2O2 treatment. In addition, SIRT6 restoration led to apoptosis with alterative expression of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-8, and inhibition of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in glioma. Thus, our studies demonstrated that the deregulation of miR-33a may promote tumor development in human glioma by regulating the expression of its target gene, SIRT6.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5780DOI Listing
August 2017

Neuroglobin functions as a prognostic marker and promotes the tumor growth of glioma via suppressing apoptosis.

Biomed Pharmacother 2017 Apr 17;88:173-180. Epub 2017 Jan 17.

Institute of Neurobiology, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. Electronic address:

Neuroglobin (Ngb) has been reported to be upregulated by hypoxia and plays an anti-apoptotic function. Previous studies have reported that Ngb is expressed in human glioblastoma cells and up-regulated in hypoxic microregions of glioblastoma tumor xenografts. While, the clinical significance of Ngb and its function in human glioma keep unknown. Ngb expression was analyzed in 86 glioma tissues and 20 normal brain tissues. Results showed that Ngb was significantly overexpressed in glioma tissues compared to normal brain tissues. In addition, increased levels of Ngb also observed in glioma cell lines. Clinicopathological analysis verified that the positive expression of Ngb was associated with histological type and world health organization (WHO) grade of glioma. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis found that Ngb overexpression led to a shorter survival. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that Ngb expression was an independent prognostic marker. Further experiments illustrated that Ngb knockdown significantly inhibited proliferation and facilitated apoptosis in U251 cells. In vivo experiments further confirmed that Ngb silencing notably prohibited the tumor growth of glioma in nude mice. While, Ngb overexpression prominently promoted proliferation and suppressed apoptosis in U87 cells. Taken together, this work support the first evidence that Ngb can be potentially used as a promising biomarker and target for novel treatment of human glioma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2017.01.029DOI Listing
April 2017

Exosomes-Derived MiR-302b Suppresses Lung Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration via TGFβRII Inhibition.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2016 9;38(5):1715-26. Epub 2016 May 9.

Background/aims: Several studies have reported that tumor-derived exosomes contain kinds of miRNAs, including oncogenic miRNAs and tumor suppressor miRNAs. It has been reported that miR-302b could inhibit cancer progression by targeting oncogenes post-transcriptionally. Whether miR-302b is involved in the regulation of tumor-derived exosomes on lung cancer cells proliferation has not yet been demonstrated. This study aimed to examine the effect of exosomes-derived miR-302b on lung cancer cells proliferation and explain the potential mechanism.

Methods: The effect of exosomes derived from 95C cells and 95D cells with different metastatic ability on lung cancer cell proliferation and migration were analyzed by MTT assay and Transwell assays, respectively. Exosomes of 95C and 95D cells derived miR-302b was quantified by qRT-PCR, the effect of miR-302b on proliferation and migration of 95D cells was analyzed by MTT assays and Transwell assays respectively after transfection with miR-302b, while the expression of phosphorylated ERK1/2, MMP9 and TGFβRx2161; was analyzed by Western blot. The target gene of miRNA-302b was analyzed by Luciferase reporter assays.

Results: 95C-derived exosomes significantly decreased the migration ability of 95D cells. miRNA-302b was significantly overexpressed in 95C cells and 95C-derived exosomes compared with 95D cells and 95D-derived exosomes. Transfection of miR-302b into 95D cells significantly suppressed cells proliferation and migration capabilities along with the down-regulated expression of TGFβRII, phosphorylated ERK1/2 and MMP9 induced by TGF-β1.

Conclusions: Exosomes-derived miR-302b could suppress lung cancer cell proliferation and migration via the TGFβRII/ERK pathway and thus provides a potential target for human lung cancer therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000443111DOI Listing
February 2017

Identification of a novel miRNA from the ovine ovary by a combinatorial approach of bioinformatics and experiments.

J Vet Med Sci 2016 Jan 11;77(12):1617-24. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

College of Animal Science, Tarim University, Alar City, Xinjiang 843300, PR China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of short endogenous, single-stranded, non-coding small RNA molecules, about 19-25 nucleotides in length that regulate gene expression at the translation level and influence many physiological process, such apoptosis, metabolism, signal transduction, and occurrence and development of diseases. In this study, we constructed a library from the ovine luteal phase ovary by using next-generation sequencing technology (Solexa high-throughput sequencing technique) and identified 267 novel miRNAs by bioinformatics. One of the novel miRNAs (ovis_aries_ovary-m0033_3p), which expressed in the sheep ovary and testis, was confirmed by real time PCR and northern blot. Ovis_aries_ovary-m0033_3p was 21 nucleotides in length and located on chromosome 12, and it had 100% similarity to hsa-miR-214-3p, mmu-miR-214-3p, dre-miR-214and ssc-miR-214. Meanwhile, the pre-miRNA was 82 nucleotides in length and had a standard hairpin stem-loop structure. From the consistency of the sequence and structure, we speculated that ovis_aries_ovary-m0033_3p had a function similar to hsa-miR-214-3p, which is involved in the fine regulation of cell survival, embryonic development, breeding activities and resistance to ovarian cancer, so we defined it as oar-miR-214-3p. These experimental results will enrich the miRNA database for ovis aries and provide the basis for researching the regulation mechanism of miRNA in relation to breeding activities of seasonal breeding animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.15-0289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4710718PMC
January 2016

Effects of compound Ginkgo biloba on intestinal permeability in rats with alcohol-induced liver injury.

Food Funct 2015 Feb;6(2):470-8

College of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 138 Xianlin Road, Qixia District, Nanjing 210023, P. R. China.

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Compound Ginkgo biloba (CGB) on alterations in intestinal permeability and inflammation caused by endotoxin in chronic alcohol-induced liver injury. CGB was prepared by Ginkgo biloba extract and Rosa roxburghii in a 1 : 1 proportion. Rats were divided into four groups: control, ethanol, high-dosage CGB (0.6 g kg(-1) d(-1)) and low-dosage CGB (0.2 g kg(-1) d(-1)) group. Rats in the control group ingested a Lieber-DeCarli control liquid diet, while rats in the ethanol and CGB-treated groups ingested a Lieber-DeCarli alcohol liquid diet for eight weeks. CGB was orally administered from the beginning of the third week until the end of the experiment. CGB was observed to significantly reduce the activities of serum ALT, AST, diamine oxidase (DAO) as well as levels of serum TG, D-lactic acid and plasma endotoxin in rats fed with Lieber-DeCarli ethanol liquid. Further, the hepatic steatosis was improved and the damage to intestinal tight junctions was also relieved effectively after CGB administration. Moreover, CGB significantly downregulated the expressions of TNF-α, lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), CD14 and TLR4 in the liver and upregulated the expressions of tight junction proteins including ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1. In summary, this study demonstrated that CGB alleviated alcohol-induced liver injury and hepatic lipopolysaccharide signaling as well as gut barrier dysfunction through restoring tight junctions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4fo00739eDOI Listing
February 2015

Parvovirus B19 infection associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in adults.

J Infect 2010 May 12;60(5):360-70. Epub 2010 Feb 12.

State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Department of Pathology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, No. 17, Changle West Road, Xi'an 710032, PR China.

Objective: Parvovirus B19 is a common human pathogen, which has been linked to autoimmune diseases recently. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether B19 is involved in adult Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).

Methods: Eighty-six thyroid tissues from the adult patients with a spectrum of thyroid disorders were examined for B19 DNA and capsid protein by nested PCR, in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. The presence of viral DNA in HT epithelium was studied by laser-capture microdissection and sequencing of PCR products. The expressions of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and interleukin-6 were investigated by immunohistochemistry.

Results: B19 DNA was significantly present in HT tissues by both PCR (29/32, 90.6%) and in-situ hybridization (23/32, 71.9%, all p < 0.01) compared with normal thyroid tissue (7/16, 43.8%; 2/16, 12.5%). Laser-capture microdissection further confirmed this difference. B19 capsid protein in HT group was significantly higher than that in all the control groups (p < 0.01), and the expression of NF-kappaB and interleukin-6 in HT tissues was up-regulated. NF-kappaB was well co-localized with B19 protein in thyroid epithelia by double-labeling immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy.

Conclusions: The presence of B19 nuclear acid and viral protein was significantly common in HT tissues and it suggested a possible role of B19 in adult HT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2010.02.006DOI Listing
May 2010

PBK/TOPK in the differential diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma from hepatocellular carcinoma and its involvement in prognosis of human cholangiocarcinoma.

Hum Pathol 2010 Mar 1;41(3):415-24. Epub 2009 Dec 1.

State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Department of Pathology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.

The increased expression of PDZ binding kinase/lymphokine-activated killer T-cell-originated protein kinase (PBK/TOPK) is associated with some human malignant tumors. In this study, we analyzed PBK/TOPK expression in hepatic primary tumor and explored its role in cholangiocarcinoma biology. Seventy-four cholangiocarcinomas, 33 hepatocellular carcinomas, and 10 normal liver tissues were prepared from paraffin-embedded specimens. PBK/TOPK protein was assessed by immunohistochemical staining, and the survival time was analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method. The protein, mRNA of PBK/TOPK, and cell cycle of cholangiocarcinoma cell line after PBK/TOPK suppression with small interfere RNA were studied by Western blot, semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry, respectively. PBK/TOPK was usually expressed in normal bile duct epithelial cells and much more frequently expressed in cholangiocarcinoma (68/74) but never expressed in hepatocytes and hepatocellular carcinomas (0/33). PBK/TOPK down-regulation was related to the poor prognosis of patients with cholangiocarcinoma (P = .013). Epidermal growth factor can enhance PBK/TOPK expression in cholangiocarcinoma QBC 939 cells, but suppression of PBK/TOPK in the cells did not affect their proliferation. PBK/TOPK protein could serve as a useful indicator for histopathologic differentiation between cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinomas and the low expression of PBK/TOPK is predicative of poor survival in cholangiocarcinoma patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2009.05.016DOI Listing
March 2010

Detection of parvovirus B19 nucleic acids and expression of viral VP1/VP2 antigen in human colon carcinoma.

Am J Gastroenterol 2007 Jul 24;102(7):1489-98. Epub 2007 Apr 24.

Department of Pathology, State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether parvovirus B19, a common infectious pathogen in humans, also was involved in human colon carcinoma.

Methods: A total of 119 paraffin-embedded specimens of colon polyps, adenocarcinomas, carcinoma-adjacent tissues, and normal controls were processed for nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), in situ hybridization (ISH), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and laser capture micro dissection detection of B19 DNA and protein. The expression of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the colon- cancer cells (Lovo) transfected by inducible vector for VP1u was determined by western-blot analysis.

Results: B19 DNA was detected in 94.6% (35/37) of colon adenocarcinomas, 67.6% (25/37) of adjacent noncancerous tissues, 85.6% (30/35) of polyps, and 60.0% (6/10) of normal controls by nested PCR, respectively. Analysis of the microdissected material confirmed the presence of viral DNA in colonic neoplastic epithelium. ISH detected B19 DNA in 81.1% (30/37) of colon adenocarcinomas, 43.2% (16/37) of adjacent noncancerous tissues, 74.3% (26/35) of polyps, and 50.0% (5/10) of normal controls, respectively. B19 protein VP1/VP2 was found in 78.4% (29/37), 32.4% (12/37), and 57.1% (20/35) of colon adenocarcinomas, tumor-adjacent tissues, and polyps, respectively, but not in normal colons (none of 10). There were significant differences in nested PCR, ISH, and IHC between adenocarcinoma and non-neoplastic adjacent tissues, and between adenocarcinoma and normal controls. Transfection of colon-cancer cells (Lovo) by inducible vector for VP1u resulted in marked upregulation of cyclo-oxygenase-2 proteins.

Conclusions: Parvovirus B19 nucleic acids commonly exist in human colon tissues and VP1/VP2 antigen is preferentially located in colon polyps and adenocarcinomas lesions. B19 viral products VP1u may induce important oncogenic pathways in colon-cancer cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01240.xDOI Listing
July 2007

Ectopic cervical anaplastic ependymoma.

Pathol Int 2005 Dec;55(12):781-4

Department of Pathology, State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Ependymomas generally arise in the central nervous system (CNS), although rare primary extraneural ependymomas have been observed. Reported herein for the first time is the case of a patient with primary ectopic cervical anaplastic ependymoma. The tumor was found in the right neck root region of a 35-year-old man. No additional tumor was found in the CNS or in other parts of the body. The patient received surgery and post-surgical local radiotherapy. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of round to oval cells with fine chromatin, distinct nucleoli, moderate nuclear atypia and numerous mitoses (>25/10 high-power fields) in a densely cellular growth pattern with characteristic fibrillary cytoplasm and formation of perivascular pseudorosettes. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), vimentin and S-100 protein. EMA staining showed a membranous as well as a paranuclear pattern of immunoreactivity. Electron microscopic studies revealed that tumor cells form micro rosettes, into which microvilli and cilia projected. The diagnosis was World Health Organization grade III anaplastic ependymoma. There is no evidence of local tumor recurrence or distant metastasis after 30 months follow up. The present case adds yet another unique example to the already diverse spectrum of head and neck neoplasms encountered in surgical pathology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1827.2005.01906.xDOI Listing
December 2005
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