Publications by authors named "Juan-Juan Gao"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Design, synthesis and mechanistic studies of a TICT based fluorogenic probe for lighting up protein HSA.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 12 2;53:128438. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

School of Pharmacy, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, PR China. Electronic address:

Human serum albumin (HSA) in blood serves as an important biomarker for clinical diagnosis, and fluorescence sensing method has attracted extensive attention. In this work, a small organic molecule probe, YS8, involving twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) characteristic, was designed and investigated to detect HSA. YS8 kept silent state in fluorescence under physiological conditions, but the encapsulation of YS8 in the hydrophobic subdomain IB region of HSA inhibited the TICT state and produced a clear light-up fluorescent signal. Especially, YS8 was demonstrated to be an efficient fluorogenic probe to discriminate HSA from other proteins including the bovine serum albumin (BSA). Moreover, YS8/HSA complex could be applied in fluorescence imaging in living cells and is also useful in the study of artificial fluorescent protein (AFP).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2021.128438DOI Listing
December 2021

Microbiota alteration at different stages in gastric lesion progression: a population-based study in Linqu, China.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 1;11(2):561-575. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute Beijing, China.

In addition to Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori), gastric microbiota may be involved in carcinogenesis process. However, the longitudinal study to assess changes in the gastric microbiota associated with the development of gastric carcinogenesis is still limited. The aim of this study is to explore dynamic microbial alterations in gastric cancer (GC) development based on a 4-year endoscopic follow-up cohort in Linqu County, China. Microbial alterations were investigated by deep sequencing of the microbial 16S ribosomal RNA gene in 179 subjects with various gastric lesions, and validated in paired gastric biopsies prospectively collected before and after lesion progression and in non-progression controls. Significant differences were found in microbial diversity and community structure across various gastric lesions, with 62 candidate differential taxa between at least two lesion groups. Further validations identified Helicobacter, Bacillus, Capnocytophaga and Prevotella to be associated with lesion progression-to-dysplasia (DYS)/GC (all P < 0.05), especially for subjects progressing from intestinal metaplasia (IM) to DYS/GC. The combination of the four genera in a microbial dysbiosis index showed a significant difference after lesion progression-to-DYS/GC compared to controls (P = 0.027). The panel including the four genera identified subjects after progression-to-DYS/GC with an area under the receiver-operating curve (AUC) of 0.941. Predictive significance was found before lesion progression-to-DYS/GC with an AUC = 0.776 and an even better AUC (0.927) for subjects progressing from IM to DYS/GC. Microbiota may play different roles at different stages in gastric carcinogenesis. A panel of bacterial genera associated with gastric lesions may help to assess gastric microbial dysbiosis and show potential predictive values for lesion progression. Our findings provide new clues for the microbial mechanism of H.pylori-associated carcinogenesis.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7868750PMC
February 2021

Amphiphilic BODIPY-based nanoparticles as "light-up" fluorescent probe for PAEs detection by an aggregation/disaggregation approach.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 May 21;252:119492. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

School of Pharmacy, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China.

Phthalic acid eaters (PAEs) play the role of plasticizer and have been widely used in the industrial and plastic production process. But due to not chemically bound in the polymeric matrix, PAEs can be easily released directly and/or indirectly into the environment, and pose a threat the ecosystem and human health. Small-molecule self-assembled nanoparticles have drawn more and more attention due to advantages of precise molecular structure, biocompatibility, great diversity, and tunability in optical properties and functionalities. Here we report the use of disaggregation-induced emission (DIE) based supramolecular assembly to design organic nanoprobe for detection PAEs. In the water solution, the designed small organic fluorophore AJ-1 was aggregated via noncovalent forces to form fluorescence off nanoparticles, but in the presence of PAEs, they disaggregated and produced a clear light-up fluorescent signal. The detection of PAEs with selectivity, sensitivity and rapid response were further achieved. The experiment of recovery of PAEs in real-water sample illustrated the practicability of probe AJ-1 in real-world applications. Besides, cellular uptake assay suggested that AJ-1 could pass through membrane and gather in the cytoplasm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2021.119492DOI Listing
May 2021

Distribution of human papillomavirus genotypes in western China and their association with cervical cancer and precancerous lesions.

Arch Virol 2021 Mar 24;166(3):853-862. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

Biobank, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China.

The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes among cervical cancers and pre-cancers in Shaanxi province of western China. A total of 17,341 women who were screened for cervical cancer from January 2014 to December 2016, using HPV genotyping and ThinPrep cytologic test were included. The prevalence and attribution of HPV genotypes were stratified by cervical lesion and age group. Of the subjects, 26.3% were infected with HPV, 28.0% of whom had multiple infections. The crude HPV prevalence increased from atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance/low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASCUS/LSIL, 64.3%) to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL, 79.8%) and to invasive cervical cancer (ICC, 89.7%, P < 0.001). The three most prevalent genotypes were HPV 16 (8.0%), 58 (4.2%), and 52 (4.0%), and HPV 16, 31 and 33 were positively correlated with increased severity of cervical lesions. Additionally, the divalent vaccine genotypes HPV 16 and 18 accounted for 68.2% of ICC cases. Although 78.5% of ICC and 60.3% of HSIL cases were attributed to 9-valent vaccine genotypes, the other genotypes not covered by any vaccine still resulted in increases in coverage, with 1.5% for ICC, 5.3% for HSIL, and 13.5% for ASCUS/LSIL. HPV prevalence in western China was consistent with other regions of China. Early vaccination with 9-valent HPV vaccine is recommended in this locality for females younger than 26 years with no prior infection, while divalent the vaccine is more appropriate for women between 26 and 45 years, considering the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of vaccines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-021-04960-zDOI Listing
March 2021

Microenvironment-Sensitive Fluorescent Ligand Binds Ascaris Telomere Antiparallel G-Quadruplex DNA with Blue-Shift and Enhanced Emission.

Chembiochem 2021 03 26;22(6):1042-1048. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

School of Pharmacy, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, P. R. China.

The development of small molecules that can selectively target G-quadruplex (G4) DNAs has drawn considerable attention due to their unique physiological and pathological functions. However, only a few molecules have been found to selectively bind a particular G4 DNA structure. We have developed a fluorescence ligand Q1, a molecular scaffold with a carbazole-pyridine core bridged by a phenylboronic acid side chain, that acts as a selective ascaris telomere antiparallel G4 DNA ASC20 ligand with about 18 nm blue-shifted and enhanced fluorescence intensity. Photophysical properties revealed that Q1 was sensitive to the microenvironment and gave the best selectivity to ASC20 with an equilibrium binding constant K =6.04×10  M . Time-resolved fluorescence studies also demonstrated that Q1 showed a longer fluorescence lifetime in the presence of ASC20. The binding characteristics of Q1 with ASC20 were shown in detail in a fluorescent intercalator displacement (FID) assay, a 2-Ap titration experiment and by molecular docking. Ligand Q1 could adopt an appropriate pose at terminal G-quartets of ASC20 through multiple interactions including π-π stacking between aromatic rings; this led to strong fluorescence enhancement. In addition, a co-staining image showed that Q1 is mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Accordingly, this work provides insights for the development of ligands that selectively targeting a specific G4 DNA structure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbic.202000671DOI Listing
March 2021

Effect of on gastrointestinal microbiota: a population-based study in Linqu, a high-risk area of gastric cancer.

Gut 2020 09 19;69(9):1598-1607. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, China

Objective: Gastrointestinal microbiota may be involved in associated gastric cancer development. The aim of this study was to explore the possible microbial mechanisms in gastric carcinogenesis and potential dysbiosis arising from infection.

Design: Deep sequencing of the microbial 16S ribosomal RNA gene was used to investigate alterations in paired gastric biopsies and stool samples in 58 subjects with successful and 57 subjects with failed anti- treatment, relative to 49 negative subjects.

Results: In positive subjects, richness and Shannon indexes increased significantly (both p<0.001) after successful eradication and showed no difference to those of negative subjects (p=0.493 for richness and p=0.420 for Shannon index). Differential taxa analysis identified 18 significantly altered gastric genera after eradication. The combination of these genera into a Microbial Dysbiosis Index revealed that the dysbiotic microbiota in positive mucosa was associated with advanced gastric lesions (chronic atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia/dysplasia) and could be reversed by eradication. Strong coexcluding interactions between and , , , , were found only in advanced gastric lesion patients, and were absent in normal/superficial gastritis group. Changes in faecal microbiota included increased after successful eradication and more upregulated drug-resistant functional orthologs after failed treatment.

Conclusion: infection contributes significantly to gastric microbial dysbiosis that may be involved in carcinogenesis. Successful eradication potentially restores gastric microbiota to a similar status as found in uninfected individuals, and shows beneficial effects on gut microbiota.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2019-319696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7456744PMC
September 2020

Synthesis of amino acid derivatives of 5-alkoxy-3,4-dihalo-2(5H)-furanones and their preliminary bioactivity investigation as linkers.

Org Biomol Chem 2019 05 10;17(20):5138-5147. Epub 2019 May 10.

School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Key Laboratory of Theoretical Chemistry of Environment, Ministry of Education, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biomedicine, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China. and School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Functional Molecular Engineering of Guangdong Province, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, P. R. China.

A series of amino acid derivatives are successfully synthesized via a metal-free C-N coupling reaction of 5-alkoxy-3,4-dihalo-2(5H)-furanones and amino acids. Their structures are well characterized with H NMR, C NMR, ESI-MS and elemental analysis. As potential linkers of the 2(5H)-furanone unit with other drug moieties containing a hydroxyl or amino group, the effect of amino acids is investigated by comparison with other 2(5H)-furanone compounds by constructing C-O/C-S bonds. The preliminary results of the biological activity assay by the MTT method on a series of cancer cell lines in vitro reveal that the introduction of amino acids basically has no toxic effect. This can lead to these 2(5H)-furanone derivatives being further well-linked with other bioactive moieties with amino or hydroxy groups as expected. Thus, the biological activity assay gives a direction for the design of bioactive 2(5H)-furanones based on these amino acid linkers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9ob00736aDOI Listing
May 2019

Association Between Gut Microbiota and -Related Gastric Lesions in a High-Risk Population of Gastric Cancer.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 19;8:202. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China.

Eradication of has been found to be effective for gastric cancer prevention, but uncertainties remain about the possible adverse consequences such as the potential microbial dysbiosis. In our study, we investigated the association between gut microbiota and -related gastric lesions in 47 subjects by deep sequencing of microbial 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene in fecal samples. The dominant phyla in fecal samples were , and with average relative abundances of 54.77, 31.37 and 12.91%, respectively. Microbial diversity analysis showed that observed species and Shannon index were increased in subjects with past or current infection compared with negative subjects. As for the differential bacteria, the average relative abundance of was found to significantly decrease from negative (66.16%) to past infection group (33.01%, = 0.007), as well as from normal (76.49%) to gastritis (56.04%) and metaplasia subjects (46.83%, = 0.027). For and , the average relative abundances showed elevated trends in the past infection group (47.11, 20.53%) compared to negative group (23.44, 9.05%, = 0.068 and 0.246, respectively), and similar increased trends were also found from normal (18.23, 5.05%) to gastritis (35.31, 7.23%, = 0.016 and 0.294, respectively) or metaplasia subjects (32.33, 20.07%, both < 0.05). These findings suggest that the alterations of fecal microbiota, especially the dominant phyla of and , may be involved in the process of -related gastric lesion progression and provide hints for future evaluation of microbial changes after eradication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2018.00202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018392PMC
July 2019

Toll-like receptor 1 and 10 polymorphisms, Helicobacter pylori susceptibility and risk of gastric lesions in a high-risk Chinese population.

Infect Genet Evol 2015 Apr 14;31:263-9. Epub 2015 Feb 14.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China. Electronic address:

Genetic polymorphisms of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 1 and 10 may influence Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) susceptibility. To evaluate associations between TLR1 and 10 polymorphisms, H. pylori infection, and precancerous gastric lesions, a population-based study was conducted in a high-risk Chinese population. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms, TLR1 rs4833095, TLR10 rs10004195, and TLR10 rs4129009 were genotyped by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay in 2553 participants with diverse gastric lesions. The status of H. pylori infection was determined by (13)C-urea breath test. TLR1 rs4833095 T and TLR10 rs10004195 T alleles were the minor alleles and showed in linkage disequilibrium (D'=0.98, r(2)=0.73) in the Chinese population. A decreased risk of H. pylori infection was observed in subjects with TLR1 rs4833095 CT genotype [adjusted odds ratio (OR)=0.80; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.66-0.96] or T allele (OR=0.82; 95%CI: 0.69-0.99). Moreover, subjects carrying TLR1 rs4833095 TT genotype were associated with reduced risks of chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG, OR=0.66; 95%CI: 0.45-0.97) and intestinal metaplasia (IM, OR=0.57; 95%CI: 0.36-0.90). The risk of CAG was also decreased in subjects carrying TLR10 rs10004195 T allele (OR=0.75; 95%CI: 0.57-0.99). Furthermore, haplotype analysis indicated that haplotype TT of rs4833095 and rs10004195 had a protective effect on H. pylori infection (OR=0.83; 95%CI: 0.72-0.96) or precancerous gastric lesions (OR=0.78; 95%CI: 0.64-0.96 for CAG, and OR=0.74; 95%CI: 0.57-0.96 for IM). These findings suggest that TLR1 rs4833095 and TLR10 rs10004195 may play crucial roles in H. pylori susceptibility and gastric pathogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2015.02.005DOI Listing
April 2015
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