Publications by authors named "Juan Zuo"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of the hippo signaling pathway in the extracellular matrix degradation of chondrocytes induced by fluoride exposure.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Dec 21;225:112796. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Environment and Health Innovation Team, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001, PR China. Electronic address:

To identify the role of the Hippo signaling pathway in the extracellular matrix degradation of chondrocytes induced by fluoride exposure. Environmental response genes (ERGs) of bone injury induced by fluoride exposure were obtained from the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database, and annotated by STRING for KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. The CCK-8 kit was used to measure the proliferation of ATDC5 cells. The malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) levels in ATDC5 cells were measured using oxidative stress detection kit. Western blot analysis was used to measure the p-MST1/2, p-LATS1/2, and p-YAP/YAP1 expression levels in the Hippo pathway and the COL2A1, ACAN and MMP13 expression levels in the cartilage matrix. Localizations of YAP1 and COL2A1 proteins in chondrocytes were performed using cell immunofluorescence. Continuous data from the multiple groups were compared using one-way analysis of variance, and then the differences between groups were tested with Dunnett's t-test, with the test level α = 0.05. The 145 ERGs of bone injury induced by fluoride exposure were identified, and KEGG enrichment analysis revealed Hippo signaling pathways significantly related to bone injury. A CCK-8 assay revealed that the viability of the ATDC5 cells was significantly decreased with increased fluorine concentration. The MDA content in 20 mg/L sodium fluoride (NaF) exposure group was significantly higher than that in the control group, the T-SOD, T-AOC and GSH-PX activities in 15 and 20 mg/L NaF exposure groups were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Western blot results showed the protein levels of p-MST1/2, p-LATS1/2 and p-YAP1 in 15 and 20 mg/L NaF exposure groups were significantly lower than those in the control group, while the YAP1 protein level in 20 mg/L NaF group was significantly higher than that in the control group. The COL2A1 and ACAN proteins in 20 mg/L NaF group were significantly decreased, while the MMP13 protein level in 15 and 20 mg/L NaF groups were significantly increased (P < 0.05). It was observed that the expression of YAP1 protein expression level in the cytoplasm decreased with the increased fluoride exposure, whereas that the expression level of YAP1 protein in the nucleus increased. Fluoride inhibited the proliferation of ATDC5 cells, induced oxidative stress, inhibited the activity of the Hippo pathway, and eventually led to cartilage matrix degradation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112796DOI Listing
December 2021

[Study of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging at Resting State for Patients in Sub-health Status].

Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi 2015 Jun;32(3):635-9

This study sought to reveal the difference of brain functions at resting-state between subjects with sub-health and normal controls by using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technology. Resting-state fMRI scans were performed on 24 subjects of sub-health and on 24 healthy controls with gender, age and education matched with the sub-health persons. Compared to the healthy controls, the sub-health group showed significantly higher regional homogeneity (ReHo) in the left post-central gyrus and the right post-central gyrus. On the other hand, the sub-health group showed significantly lower ReHo in the left superior frontal gyrus, in the right anterior cingulated cortex and ventra anterior cingulate gyrus, in the left dorsolateral frontal gyrus, and in the right middle temporal gyrus. The Significant difference in ReHo suggests that the sub-health persons have abnormalities in certain brain regions. It is proved that its specific action and meaning deserves further assessment.
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June 2015

Trim25 Is an RNA-Specific Activator of Lin28a/TuT4-Mediated Uridylation.

Cell Rep 2014 Nov;9(4):1265-72

RNA binding proteins have thousands of cellular RNA targets and often exhibit opposite or passive molecular functions. Lin28a is a conserved RNA binding protein involved in pluripotency and tumorigenesis that was previously shown to trigger TuT4-mediated pre-let-7 uridylation, inhibiting its processing and targeting it for degradation. Surprisingly, despite binding to other pre-microRNAs (pre-miRNAs), only pre-let-7 is efficiently uridylated by TuT4. Thus, we hypothesized the existence of substrate-specific cofactors that stimulate Lin28a-mediated pre-let-7 uridylation or restrict its functionality on non-let-7 pre-miRNAs. Through RNA pull-downs coupled with quantitative mass spectrometry, we identified the E3 ligase Trim25 as an RNA-specific cofactor for Lin28a/TuT4-mediated uridylation. We show that Trim25 binds to the conserved terminal loop (CTL) of pre-let-7 and activates TuT4, allowing for more efficient Lin28a-mediated uridylation. These findings reveal that protein-modifying enzymes, only recently shown to bind RNA, can guide the function of canonical ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes in cis, thereby providing an additional level of specificity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2014.10.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4542301PMC
November 2014

[Contingent negative variation: a brainwave associated with expectation].

Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi 2014 Feb;31(1):35-8

The present study used the experimental patterns of Go/No Go and no motion contingent negative variation (CNV) task into the research in order to study whether the CNV can express the implication of expectation. Through comparing the CNV under different conditions, the data collected from experiment showed that the key to evoked CNV was close to the warning signal and command signal. Whether the command signal was related to the task would impact on the amplitude of the CNV. This characteristics responses to the subjects' expectation. On this basis, CNV can be used as the electrophysiological index for the reflection of expected value in the conditions of this experiment.
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February 2014

Controls on coarse wood decay in temperate tree species: birth of the LOGLIFE experiment.

Ambio 2012 ;41 Suppl 3:231-45

Department of Ecological Science, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Dead wood provides a huge terrestrial carbon stock and a habitat to wide-ranging organisms during its decay. Our brief review highlights that, in order to understand environmental change impacts on these functions, we need to quantify the contributions of different interacting biotic and abiotic drivers to wood decomposition. LOGLIFE is a new long-term 'common-garden' experiment to disentangle the effects of species' wood traits and site-related environmental drivers on wood decomposition dynamics and its associated diversity of microbial and invertebrate communities. This experiment is firmly rooted in pioneering experiments under the directorship of Terry Callaghan at Abisko Research Station, Sweden. LOGLIFE features two contrasting forest sites in the Netherlands, each hosting a similar set of coarse logs and branches of 10 tree species. LOGLIFE welcomes other researchers to test further questions concerning coarse wood decay that will also help to optimise forest management in view of carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-012-0304-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3535053PMC
October 2012

Optical and electronic properties of native zinc oxide films on polycrystalline Zn.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2010 Oct 2;12(37):11467-76. Epub 2010 Aug 2.

Department of Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany.

The oxide layer spontaneously formed on zinc and an "electrochemically reduced" oxide has been characterised by a combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). The onset of the main electronic absorption, which is directly related to the bandgap, is extracted from the SE measurements. The SE results are compared with simulations on the basis of zinc and bulk zinc oxide optical constant data. Measurements in the ultraviolet and visible (UV-vis) spectral range show the presence of an absorption at ∼1.8 eV (680 nm) which is unaccounted for from the bulk data, and is likely to originate from intragap energy levels, implicating the presence of surface defects in the layers. Analysis of the Zn LMM Auger peaks in XPS data show the presence of Zn different from bulk zinc and bulk ZnO, attributed to excess Zn in the oxide films. Mid-infrared (IR) ellipsometry shows two peaks around 0.12 and 0.15 eV (1000 and 1200 cm(-1)), which strengthen the assumption of the presence of a locally distorted structure in the oxide layers. Electrochemically reduced samples show a much thinner oxide layer and higher Zn-doping concentration films than samples purely dipped in NaOH solution. Using a self-contained multiple sample SE analysis, estimates of the refractive index and absorption coefficient (i.e., the optical constants) of the oxide films are presented from 1.5-4.4 eV (280 to 810 nm).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c004532bDOI Listing
October 2010

Comparing the growth of PVD silver nanoparticles on ultra thin fluorocarbon plasma polymer films and self-assembled fluoroalkyl silane monolayers.

Nanotechnology 2007 Jul 5;18(26):265303. Epub 2007 Jun 5.

Max-Planck-Institut fuer Eisenforschung GmbH, Max-Planck-Straße 1, D-40237 Dusseldorf, Germany.

Adsorbed silver nanoparticles were prepared by means of electron beam evaporation of silver on ultra thin Si-supported heptadecafluoro-1-decene plasma polymer films and self-assembled heptadecafluorodecyl-trimethoxysilane monolayers. The morphology of the silver nanoparticles, characterized by their size, size distribution, shape and interparticle separation, was observed to depend on the type, chemical composition and surface energy of the sub-layer as well as the amount of silver deposited. Field emission-scanning electron microscopy was used to study the change in the morphology of the silver nanoparticles as a function of the preparation parameters. The silver nanoparticles on the ultra thin plasma polymer films demonstrated a much smaller and narrower size distribution due to the cross-linking within the film, which more effectively hinders the penetration of silver through the film in comparison to the self-assembled monolayers. Moreover, the optical properties of the resulting silver nanoparticles on the ultra thin fluorocarbon plasma polymers and their correlation to size and size distribution were investigated by spectroscopic ellipsometry in the wavelength range between 300 and 800 nm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/26/265303DOI Listing
July 2007
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