Publications by authors named "Joy Gailer"

2 Publications

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South Australian Medicines Evaluation Panel in review: providing evidence-based guidance on the use of high-cost medicines in the South Australian public health system.

Aust Health Rev 2021 Mar;45(2):207-213

Medicines and Technology Programs, SA Health, Rundle Mall, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia. Email: and Royal Adelaide Hospital, Port Road, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia; and Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia; and The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 28 Woodville Road, Woodville South, SA 5011, Australia.

Objective The South Australian Medicines Evaluation Panel (SAMEP) was established in 2011 to make evidence-based recommendations on the funding of high-cost medicines in South Australian public hospitals via a high-cost medicines formulary. SAMEP represents one component of South Australia's process for state-based health technology assessment (HTA). The aim of this study was to describe the experience of SAMEP in the context of Australia's complex governance model for hospital-based care. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of the SAMEP process and outcomes of medicine evaluations. Decision summaries and meeting minutes were reviewed and reflected upon by the authors to explore the views of the SAMEP membership regarding the function of the committee and state-based HTA more broadly. Results SAMEP has reviewed 29 applications, with 14 (48%) listed on the high-cost medicines formulary. Three applications have been the subject of outcome review and confirm expectations of patient benefit. Conclusion Retrospective review of the committee experience suggests that state-based HTA as operationalised by SAMEP is feasible, provides greater equity of access to high-cost medicines in the South Australian public hospital system and allows for access with evidence development. What is known about the topic? State-based hospital funders often need to make decisions on the provision of high-cost medicines for which there is no national guidance or subsidy. Little published information exists about state-based approaches to medicines evaluation and reimbursement within public hospitals in Australia. What does this paper add? The South Australian experience demonstrates a method for states and territories to tackle the challenges of providing evidence-based access to high-cost medicines in Australian public hospitals. What are the implications for practitioners? This paper provides information for other jurisdictions considering state-based approaches to medicines evaluation and contributes to the broader literature about state-based HTA in Australia.
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March 2021

Development and validation of the Medication Regimen Simplification Guide for Residential Aged CarE (MRS GRACE).

Clin Interv Aging 2018 18;13:975-986. Epub 2018 May 18.

Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: Residents of aged care facilities use increasingly complex medication regimens. Reducing unnecessary medication regimen complexity (eg, by consolidating the number of administration times or using alternative formulations) may benefit residents and staff.

Objective: To develop and validate an implicit tool to facilitate medication regimen simplification in aged care facilities.

Method: A purposively selected multidisciplinary expert panel used modified nominal group technique to identify and prioritize factors important in determining whether a medication regimen can be simplified. The five prioritized factors were formulated as questions, pilot-tested using non-identifiable medication charts and refined by panel members. The final tool was validated by two clinical pharmacists who independently applied the tool to a random sample of 50 residents of aged care facilities to identify opportunities for medication regimen simplification. Inter-rater agreement was calculated using Cohen's kappa.

Results: The Medication Regimen Simplification Guide for Residential Aged CarE (MRS GRACE) was developed as an implicit tool comprising of five questions about 1) the resident; 2) regulatory and safety requirements; 3) drug interactions; 4) formulation; and 5) facility and follow-up considerations. Using MRS GRACE, two pharmacists independently simplified medication regimens for 29/50 and 30/50 residents (Cohen's kappa=0.38, 95% CI 0.12-0.64), respectively. Simplification was possible for all residents with five or more administration times. Changing an administration time comprised 75% of the two pharmacists' recommendations.

Conclusions: Using MRS GRACE, two clinical pharmacists independently simplified over half of residents' medication regimens with fair agreement. MRS GRACE is a promising new tool to guide medication regimen simplification in aged care.
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October 2018