Publications by authors named "Jose Antonio Thomazini"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of swimming training on nerve morphological recovery after compressive injury.

Neurol Res 2018 Nov 9;40(11):955-962. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

e Department of Biology, Center of Biological and Health Sciences , Paraíba State University , Campina Grande , Brazil.

Objective: This study aims to investigate morphological alterations caused by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PNL) and the efficacy of a moderate-intensity swimming training as therapeutic strategy for nerve regeneration.

Methods: A number of 30 male adult mice were equally divided in control, 14 days after PNL (PNL 14 days), 42 days after PNL (PNL 42 days), 70 days after PNL (PNL 70 days) and 5-week exercise training after 7 days post-lesion (PNL trained 35 days) groups. PNL trained 35 days group began with a 10-min session for 3 days and this time was gradually increased by 10 min every three sessions until the animals had swum for 50 min per session. Morphoquantitative analysis was carried out to assess nerve regeneration in each group.

Results: PNL 14 days group exhibited less degenerating signs than PNL 42 days group, where most post-lesion alterations were visualized. Nerve area and minimum diameter were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than control group. PNL 70 days group showed a greater degree of regenerating fibers and similar morphometric parameters to control group. PNL trained 35 days demonstrated signs of regeneration, reaching control group values in the morphometric analysis.

Discussion: PNL promotes great histopathological changes, which became more visible at 42 post-injury days. A natural nerve-regeneration tendency was observed throughout time, as observed in PNL 70 days group; nevertheless, moderate swimming training was found to be a therapeutic resource for nerve regeneration, accelerating such process from a morphoquantitative perspective.

Abbreviations: ANOVA: One-way analysis of variance; BDNF: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; FGF-2: Fibroblast growth factor 2; GDNF: Glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor; IGF: Insulin-link growth factor; IL-1β: Interleukin-1β; NGF: Neural growth factor; PBS: Phosphate-buffered saline; PNL: Partial sciatic nerve ligation.
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November 2018

Development of a Multifunctional Needle for Percutaneous Heart Biopsy and Cell Therapy. A Technical Note.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2016 Nov-Dec;31(6):465-467

Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FMRP-USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Validation of transendocardial injection as a method for delivering therapeutic agents to the diseased heart is increasing. Puncture heart biopsies should re-emerge as a possible alternative method to allow access to the myocardium and implantable biomaterial for cell therapy. Therefore, this work aims to present a percutaneous puncture device for biopsy and intramyocardial biomaterial injection, standardize the technique and attest to the safety of the method. The adaptation consists of creating myocardial microlesions that allow for better fixation of stem cells. The objective of this technical note covers only the development of the needle and the histological quality of the biopsies. It has not been used in humans yet.
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November 2017

Bone integration behavior of hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate graft implanted in dental alveoli: a histomorphometric and scanning electron microscopy study.

Implant Dent 2014 Dec;23(6):710-5

*PhD Student in Oral Rehabilitation, Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. †Associate Professor, Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. ‡Associate Professor, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. §Professor, Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: This study investigated the bone integration ability of a biphasic calcium phosphate bioceramic implanted in dental alveolus of rats.

Materials And Methods: A total of 21 male rats were submitted to upper right incisor extraction and implanted with a synthetic bioceramic (Straumann Bone Ceramic). The animals were killed on 7th, 21st, and 42nd day after surgery for light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of bone, bioceramic, and soft tissue volume as well as the quality of graft in its interface.

Results: Light histology results showed no persistent inflammatory and foreign body reactions, a newly formed bone adhered on the ceramic surface without interposition of soft tissue, which was confirmed by SEM analysis. Histometrically, reduction/resorption, between 7 and 42 days, in the percentage of bioceramic implanted (α = 1%) left gaps for a gradual increase in vital bone formation (α = 1%) around the particles.

Conclusions: The bioceramic in question is biocompatible, has good bone integration, being gradually resorbed and replaced by it, featuring a viable bone substitute for grafting procedures.
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December 2014

Low-level laser therapy on the viability of skin flap in rats subjected to deleterious effect of nicotine.

Photomed Laser Surg 2011 Aug 1;29(8):581-7. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, University of São Paulo-FMRP/USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 830-nm laser in blocking the action of nicotine on the viability of skin flap.

Background Data: The authors have analyzed the deleterious effect of cigarette smoke or nicotine on the skin flap alone with evidence of increased skin necrosis in the flap.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four Wistar-albino rats were divided into three groups of eight animals each: Group 1 (control), subjected to a surgical technique to obtain a flap for cranial base, laser irradiation simulation, and a subcutaneous injection of saline; Group 2, similar to Group 1, with subcutaneous injection of nicotine (2  mg/kg/day) for a period of 1 week before and 1 week after surgery; and Group 3, similar to Group 2, with skin flaps subjected to a λ 830-nm laser irradiation. The laser parameters used were: power 30 mW, beam area 0.07 cm(2), irradiance 429 mW/cm(2), irradiation time 84  sec, total energy 2.52  J, and energy density 36 J/cm(2). The laser was used immediately after surgery and for 4 consecutive days, in one point at 2.5  cm of the flap cranial base. The areas of necrosis were examined by two macroscopic analyses: paper template and Mini-Mop(®). The pervious blood vessels were also counted.

Results: The results were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and post-test contrast orthogonal method (multiple comparisons), showing that the laser decreased the area of necrosis in flaps subjected to nicotine, and consequently, increased the number of blood vessels (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The laser proved to be an effective way to decrease the area of necrosis in rats subjected to nicotine, making them similar to the control group.
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August 2011

A simple and efficient device for demonstrating cross-sectional anatomy of the head.

Anat Sci Educ 2010 May-Jun;3(3):141-3

Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Described in this article is a novel device that facilitates study of the cross-sectional anatomy of the human head. In designing our device, we aimed to protect sections of the head from the destructive action of handling during anatomy laboratory while also ensuring excellent visualization of the anatomic structures. We used an electric saw to create 15-mm sections of three cadaver heads in the three traditional anatomic planes and inserted each section into a thin, perforated display box made of transparent acrylic material. The thin display boxes with head sections are kept in anatomical order in a larger transparent acrylic storage box containing formaldehyde solution, which preserves the specimens but also permits direct observation of the structures and their anatomic relationships to each other. This box-within-box design allows students to easily view sections of a head in its anatomical position as well as to examine internal structures by manipulating individual display boxes without altering the integrity of the preparations. This methodology for demonstrating cross-section anatomy allows efficient use of cadaveric material and technician time while also giving learners the best possible handling and visualization of complex anatomic structures. Our approach to teaching cross-sectional anatomy of the head can be applied to any part of human body, and the value of our device design will only increase as more complicated understandings of cross-sectional anatomy are required by advances and proliferation of imaging technology.
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August 2010

Can therapeutic ultrasound influence the integration of skin grafts?

Ultrasound Med Biol 2007 Sep 4;33(9):1406-12. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Post-graduation Program, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor Apparatus, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil.

Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) is a widely used coadjuvant physical means to promote biological tissue repair. In the present investigation, the influence of TUS on the integration of full-thickness skin graft was studied in rabbits. Twenty female adult rabbits were used and two 2x2-cm square full-thickness skin grafts were obtained from both scapular regions and swapped, the one cut out on the right being placed on the left and vice versa. The graft on the right was irradiated with TUS (3 MHz, 0.5 W/cm2, 5-min duration) once a day for seven consecutive days, beginning on the third postoperative day; the graft on the left was submitted to simulated irradiation. The animals were killed on the 11th day and the grafted areas were resected (graft+safety margin) for histological examination. Five-mum-thick sections were alternatively stained with Gomori's trichrome, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and picrosirius red and examined under the light microscope, and the epidermal and dermal areas were measured and proliferating cells and new blood vessels counted. The results showed a significant increase (p=0.007) in the number of proliferating epidermal cells (12.18% and 7.34% of the total number of cells in the irradiated and control grafts, respectively) and new blood vessels per field (p=0.0001) in the irradiated grafts (6.27 compared with 3.07). Despite the increased number of proliferating cells and blood vessels, there was no significant difference between the epidermis (246,392 microm2 and 200,626 microm2 in groups 1 and 2, respectively; p=0.07) and dermis (2,157,730 microm2 and 2,109,150 microm2 in groups 1 and 2, respectively; p=0.21) areas as a function of thickness for both groups. We conclude that TUS induces morphological alterations in biological processes, such as epidermic germinative layer cell proliferation and neoangiogenesis, which are involved in the integration of full-thickness skin grafts. This has a potential for clinical use in humans.
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September 2007

Transdermal delivery of ketoprofen: the influence of drug-dioleylphosphatidylcholine interactions.

Pharm Res 2006 Aug;23(8):1776-85

Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. do Café s/n, 14040-903, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: Considering that most inflammatory diseases occur locally and near the body surface, transdermal delivery of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be an interesting strategy for delivering these drugs directly to the diseased site. To optimize ketoprofen (KP) transdermal delivery we investigated the influence of dioleylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) on skin permeation.

Materials And Methods: The formulations studied were: i) a physical mixture of KP and DOPC and ii) DOPC and KP complex, in a molar ratio of 1:3, obtained by dissolution of the components in chloroform followed by drying under a N2 atmosphere. Both systems were dispersed in mineral oil and the in vitro percutaneous was assayed by absorption using a flow through diffusion cell. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and 1H NMR studies were carried out to characterize KP and DOPC interactions. Geometry optimizations using Density Functional Theory and semiempirical methods, as well as a flexible docking procedure were carried out to obtain a binding model for KP with DOPC. KP solubility and partition studies in the formulations, as well as skin irritation and hypersensitivity assays were also carried out.

Results: DSC determinations in the complex showed enthalpy and temperature depressions, indicating KP and DOPC interaction. In addition, dipole-dipole interactions between the KP carboxylic acid and OH groups in phospholipids were shown by 1H NMR studies. Based on the NMR studies, a KP-DOPC binding model is proposed, in which KP is involved by the two long aliphatic chains of the phospholipid. Solubility studies indicated that DOPC improved drug solubility. KP permeation was enhanced by both formulations tested, but the complex also increased its skin uptake. Such behavior could be attributed to the solubilizing, melting and enhancing effects of DOPC. Skin irritation and hypersensitivity were not significantly changed compared to control, suggesting that the formulation may be therapeutically explored for KP transdermal delivery.
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August 2006

Alcohol intake and osseointegration around implants: a histometric and scanning electron microscopy study.

Implant Dent 2004 Sep;13(3):238-44

Histology Department, Dentistry School of University of São Paulo-USP, Brazil.

Alveolar wound healing can be modified by local and systemic factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effect of alcoholic beverage administration (sugarcane brandy) on reparative bone formation around hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate implants inside the alveolar socket. Male Wistar rats had their upper right incisors extracted and the bioceramic granules implanted in the alveoli. The animals received increasing concentrations of brandy until 30 degrees Gay-Lussac was achieved starting 30 days before dental extraction and maintained for periods varying from 1 hour to 6 weeks, until sacrifice. Blood alcohol concentration analysis was performed as well as histological and histometric analysis through light and scanning electron microscopy to examine the relation between alveolar healing components, including new bone trabeculae, and the implants. Blood alcohol concentration was significantly higher in treated animals compared with controls. A significant delay in reparative bone formation was detected in the alveolus of alcoholic rats by a histometric differential point counting method, whereas the presence of the bioceramic in the alveolar socket improved alveolar wound healing in alcohol-treated rats. It is suggested that the osteoconductive properties of this bioceramic accelerated alveolar wound healing in alcoholic rats.
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September 2004