Publications by authors named "José Ignacio Paladini"

1 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of laparoscopy in the treatment of internal biliary fistulas in a high-volume center and a review of the literature.

Surg Endosc 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of General Surgery, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Juan D. Perón 4190, C1199ABH, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Biliary fistulas may result as a complication of gallstone disease. According to their tract, abdominal internal biliary fistulas may be classified into cholecystobiliary and bilioenteric fistulas. Surgical treatment is challenging and requires highly trained surgeons with high preoperative suspicion. Conventional surgery is still of choice by most of the authors. However, laparoscopy is emerging as a minimally invasive alternative. We investigated the surgical approach, conversion rate, and outcomes according to the type of biliary fistula.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 11,130 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, 31 open cholecystectomies, and 31 surgeries for gallstone ileus at our institution from May 2007 to May 2020. We diagnosed internal biliary fistula in 73 patients and divided them into two groups according to their fistulous tract: cholecystobiliary fistula and bilioenteric fistula. We described demographic characteristics, preoperative imaging modalities, surgical approach, conversion rates, surgical procedures, and outcomes. We additionally revised the literature and compared our results with 13 studies from the past 10 years.

Results: There were 22 and 51 patients in the cholecystobiliary and bilioenteric groups, respectively. Our preoperative suspicion of a fistula was 80%. We started 88% of procedures by laparoscopic approach. The effectiveness of laparoscopy in the resolution of internal biliary fistula was 40% for cholecystobiliary fistula and 55% for bilioenteric fistulas. The most frequent cause for conversion to laparotomy was the difficulty to identify anatomical features, in addition to the need to perform a Roux en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. Choledocholithiasis was not associated with an increase in conversion rates.

Conclusions: Laparoscopic resolution of a biliary fistula is still a matter of controversy. Despite the high conversion rates, we believe that a great number of patients benefit from this minimally invasive technique. A high preoperative suspicion and trained surgeons are vital in the treatment of internal biliary fistulas.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021