Publications by authors named "Jongphil Kim"

99 Publications

Impact of age, comorbidity, and treatment characteristics on survival in older women with advanced high grade epithelial ovarian cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 31;161(3):693-699. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Older women have a worse prognosis with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and comorbidities likely contribute to poor outcomes. We sought to identify comorbid conditions and treatment-related factors in older women.

Methods: A retrospective chart review identified 351 patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery (CRS). 100/351 (28.5%) were ≥ 70 years old. Demographic and clinicopathologic information was collected. Crude progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) estimates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate hazard ratios and adjustments for confounders.

Results: Study subjects ≥70 years old had significantly: higher Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatric (CIRS-G) score (5.9 vs 4.3; p = 0.0001), less completion of adjuvant chemotherapy (24% vs 15.1%; p = 0.049), less intraperitoneal (IP) therapy (18.2% vs 35.5%; p = 0.002), less clinical trial participation (16% vs 26.3%; p = 0.040), decreased platinum sensitivity (60% vs 73.7%; p = 0.012) and lacked BRCA mutations (0% vs 12%; p = 0.0006). They were less likely to have optimal CRS (75% vs 86.9%; p = 0.007) with same surgical complexity (p = 0.89). Patients ≥70 had significantly worse PFS and OS. In a multivariate analysis, better OS was associated with younger age (<70 years old), any IP therapy, completion of adjuvant chemotherapy, and platinum sensitivity.

Conclusion: The older cohort had worse CIRS-G scores (5.9 vs 4.3; p = 0.0001), but no strong associations between comorbidities and treatment characteristics, but less optimal CRS rates (75% vs 86.9%; p = 0.007) with similar surgical complexity and less platinum sensitivity. Our results show comorbid conditions in older patients with advanced EOC may have less impact than tumor biology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.03.008DOI Listing
June 2021

ELN 2017 Genetic Risk Stratification Predicts Survival of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients Receiving Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Mar 2;27(3):256.e1-256.e7. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Blood and Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Immunotherapy, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida. Electronic address:

European LeukemiaNet (ELN) 2017 risk stratification by genetics is prognostic of outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic impact of the 2017 ELN genetic risk stratification after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) is not well established. We examined the effect of 2017 ELN genetic risk stratification on alloHCT outcomes of AML. We included 500 adult (≥18 years) AML patients in first (n = 370) or second (n = 130) complete remission receiving alloHCT from 2005 to 2016. Patients were classified into favorable (12%), intermediate (57%), and adverse (32%) 2017 ELN risk groups. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to conduct the multivariable analyses of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS). Relapse and nonrelapse mortality were analyzed by the Fine-Gray regression model. OS at 2 years was 72% in the favorable versus 60% in the intermediate versus 45% in the adverse risk groups (P < .001). In multivariable analyses, the 2017 ELN classifier was an independent predictor of OS after alloHCT with significantly higher overall mortality in the intermediate (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.68, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-2.68; P = .03) and adverse (HR = 2.50, 95% CI, 1.54-4.06; P < .001) risk groups compared to the favorable risk group. Similarly, LFS was worse in the intermediate (HR = 1.63, 95%, CI 1.06-2.53; P = .03) and adverse (HR 2.23, 95% CI, 1.41-3.54; P < .001) risk groups while relapse was higher in the adverse risk group (HR = 2.36, 95% CI, 1.28-4.35; P = .006) as compared to the favorable risk group. These data highlight the prognostic impact of the 2017 ELN genetic risk stratification on the survival of AML patients after alloHCT. Patients in the adverse risk group had the highest risk of relapse and worst survival. Thus the 2017 ELN prognostic system can help identify AML patients who may benefit from clinical trials offering relapse mitigation strategies to improve transplant outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2020.12.021DOI Listing
March 2021

Pacritinib Combined with Sirolimus and Low-Dose Tacrolimus for GVHD Prevention after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: Preclinical and Phase I Trial Results.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 May 22;27(10):2712-2722. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Division of Hematology, Oncology, and Transplantation, Department of Medicine, Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Purpose: In this first-in-human, phase I, GVHD prevention trial (NCT02891603), we combine pacritinib (PAC), a JAK2 inhibitor, with sirolimus to concurrently reduce T-cell costimulation via mTOR and IL6 activity. We evaluate the safety of pacritinib when administered with sirolimus plus low-dose tacrolimus (PAC/SIR/TAC) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.

Patients And Methods: The preclinical efficacy and immune modulation of PAC/SIR were investigated in xenogeneic GVHD. Our phase I trial followed a 3+3 dose-escalation design, including dose level 1 (pacritinib 100 mg daily), level 2 (pacritinib 100 mg twice daily), and level 3 (pacritinib 200 mg twice daily). The primary endpoint was to identify the lowest biologically active and safe dose of pacritinib with SIR/TAC ( = 12). Acute GVHD was scored through day +100. Allografts included 8/8 HLA-matched related or unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cells.

Results: In mice, we show that dual JAK2/mTOR inhibition significantly reduces xenogeneic GVHD and increases peripheral regulatory T cell (Treg) potency as well as Treg induction from conventional CD4 T cells. Pacritinib 100 mg twice a day was identified as the minimum biologically active and safe dose for further study. JAK2/mTOR inhibition suppresses pathogenic Th1 and Th17 cells, spares Tregs and antileukemia effector cells, and exhibits preliminary activity in preventing GVHD. PAC/SIR/TAC preserves donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) immunity and permits timely engraftment without cytopenias.

Conclusions: We demonstrate that PAC/SIR/TAC is safe and preliminarily limits acute GVHD, preserves donor CMV immunity, and permits timely engraftment. The efficacy of PAC/SIR/TAC will be tested in our ongoing phase II GVHD prevention trial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-4725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8127396PMC
May 2021

Impact of infused CD34+ stem cell dosing for allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with post-transplant cyclophosphamide.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Bone Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Higher infused total nucleated cell dose (TNC) in allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) is associated with improved overall survival. As many centers prefer peripheral blood stem cell grafts (PBSCT) with PTCy, the effect of cell dose on outcomes with this platform also requires elucidation. We retrospectively evaluated 144 consecutive adult patients who received allogeneic T-cell replete PBSCT with PTCy-based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis for a hematologic malignancy from 2012-2018. The infused CD34+ cell dose was stratified into low (<5 × 10/kg), intermediate (5-10 × 10/kg) and high (>10 × 10/kg) dose level groups. In multivariate analysis, the low CD34+ cell dose group had worse non-relapse mortality (HR = 4.51, 95% CI: 1.92-10.58, p < 0.001), progression- free survival (HR = 4.11, 95% CI: 2.07-8.15, p < 0.001), and overall survival (HR = 4.06, 95% CI: 2.00-8.25, p ≤ 0.001) compared to the intermediate group. Clinical outcomes between the intermediate and high CD34+ cell dose groups were similar. TNC and CD3+ cell dose had no significant impacts on outcomes. These findings suggest that, in patients receiving allogeneic PBSCT with PTCy, infused CD34+ cell doses >5 × 10 cells/kg may result in improved survival. Thus, this study supports targeting a CD34+ cell dose of >5 × 10 cells/kg for allogeneic PBSCT with PTCy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01219-8DOI Listing
March 2021

Phase 2 study of copanlisib in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin in advanced biliary tract cancers.

Cancer 2021 Apr 8;127(8):1293-1300. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida.

Background: Biliary tract cancer (BTC) has a poor prognosis despite treatment with first-line gemcitabine and cisplatin. In BTC, PI3K/AKT pathway activation has been shown to increase resistance to chemotherapy, which may be overcome with PI3K inhibition. This phase 2 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of copanlisib, a PI3K inhibitor, with gemcitabine and cisplatin in advanced BTCs. The role of PTEN expression in outcomes was also explored.

Methods: Patients with advanced/unresectable BTC received gemcitabine, cisplatin, and copanlisib as their first-line treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months. Secondary endpoints were the response rate (RR), median overall survival (OS)/PFS, and safety profile. An assessment of PTEN expression by immunohistochemistry was also performed along with molecular profiling.

Results: Twenty-four patients received at least 1 dose of the study drug. The PFS rate at 6 months was 51%; the median OS was 13.7 months (95% CI, 6.8-18.0 months), and the median PFS was 6.2 months (95% CI, 2.9-10.1 months). Nineteen patients were evaluable for RR: 6 patients achieved a partial response (31.6%), and 11 (57.9%) had stable disease. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were a decreased neutrophil count (45.83%), anemia (25%), increased lipase (25%), and hypertension (20.8%). Twenty patients had tissue evaluable for the PTEN status. The PFS for low (n = 9) and high PTEN expression (n = 11) was 8.5 and 4.6 months, respectively (P = .19). The median OS for low and high PTEN expression groups was 17.9 and 7.0 months, respectively (P = .19).

Conclusions: The addition of copanlisib to gemcitabine and cisplatin does not improve PFS at 6 months. However, future studies using PTEN as a potential biomarker should be considered.

Lay Summary: The addition of copanlisib, a PI3K inhibitor, to standard chemotherapy for advanced biliary tract cancers was assessed for efficacy and safety. Twenty-four patients with advanced biliary tract cancer received treatment in this study. There was no difference in survival with the addition of copanlisib in comparison with standard chemotherapy. Copanlisib may be more effective and increase survival in patients with low PTEN expression levels. Further studies are needed to confirm this. No unexpected adverse events occurred.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.33364DOI Listing
April 2021

Multi-Window CT Based Radiological Traits for Improving Early Detection in Lung Cancer Screening.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 27;12:12225-12238. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Cancer Physiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.

Rationale And Objectives: Evaluate ability of radiological semantic traits assessed on multi-window computed tomography (CT) to predict lung cancer risk.

Materials And Methods: A total of 199 participants were investigated, including 60 incident lung cancers and 139 benign positive controls. Twenty lung window features and 2 mediastinal window features were extracted and scored on a point scale in three screening rounds. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association of these radiological traits with the risk of developing lung cancer. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) were computed to evaluate the best predictive model.

Results: Combining mediastinal window-specific features with the lung window features-based model significantly improves performance compared to individual window features. Model performance is consistent both at baseline and the first follow-up scan, with an AUROC increased from 0.822 to 0.871 ( = 0.009) and from 0.877 to 0.917 ( = 0.008), respectively, for single to multi-window feature models. We also find that the multi-window CT based model showed better specificity and PPV, with PPV at the second follow-up scan improved to 0.953.

Conclusion: We find combining window semantic features improves model performance in identifying cancerous nodules. We also find that lung window features are more informative compared to mediastinal features in predicting malignancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S246609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7707434PMC
November 2020

Melphalan and Exportin 1 Inhibitors Exert Synergistic Antitumor Effects in Preclinical Models of Human Multiple Myeloma.

Cancer Res 2020 12 6;80(23):5344-5354. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Chemical Biology and Molecular Medicine Program, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida.

High-dose chemotherapy with melphalan followed by autologous transplantation is a first-line treatment for multiple myeloma. Here, we present preclinical evidence that this treatment may be significantly improved by the addition of exportin 1 inhibitors (XPO1i). The XPO1i selinexor, eltanexor, and KOS-2464 sensitized human multiple myeloma cells to melphalan. Human 8226 and U266 multiple myeloma cell lines and melphalan-resistant cell lines (8226-LR5 and U266-LR6) were highly sensitized to melphalan by XPO1i. Multiple myeloma cells from newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma patients were also sensitized by XPO1i to melphalan. In NOD/SCIDγ mice challenged with either parental 8226 or U266 multiple myeloma and melphalan-resistant multiple myeloma tumors, XPO1i/melphalan combination treatments demonstrated stronger synergistic antitumor effects than single-agent melphalan with minimal toxicity. Synergistic cell death resulted from increased XPO1i/melphalan-induced DNA damage in a dose-dependent manner and decreased DNA repair. In addition, repair of melphalan-induced DNA damage was inhibited by selinexor, which decreased melphalan-induced monoubiquitination of FANCD2 in multiple myeloma cells. Knockdown of FANCD2 was found to replicate the effect of selinexor when used with melphalan, increasing DNA damage (γH2AX) by inhibiting DNA repair. Thus, combination therapies that include selinexor or eltanexor with melphalan may have the potential to improve treatment outcomes of multiple myeloma in melphalan-resistant and newly diagnosed patients. The combination of selinexor and melphalan is currently being investigated in the context of high-dose chemotherapy and autologous transplant (NCT02780609). SIGNIFICANCE: Inhibition of exportin 1 with selinexor synergistically sensitizes human multiple myeloma to melphalan by inhibiting Fanconi anemia pathway-mediated DNA repair.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-0677DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7718436PMC
December 2020

A pilot randomized trial of an educational intervention to increase genetic counseling and genetic testing among Latina breast cancer survivors.

J Genet Couns 2021 Apr 16;30(2):394-405. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Latinas are less likely to participate in genetic counseling (GC) and genetic testing (GT) than non-Hispanic Whites. A multisite, randomized pilot study tested a culturally targeted educational intervention to increase uptake of GC/GT among Latina breast cancer (BC) survivors (N = 52). Participants were recruited in Tampa, FL and Ponce, PR and randomized to: (a) fact sheet about BC survivorship (control) or (b) a culturally targeted educational booklet about GC/GT (intervention). Participants in the intervention condition were also offered no-cost telephone GC followed by free GT with mail-based saliva sample collection. Participants self-reported hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) knowledge and emotional distress at baseline and 1- and 3-month follow-ups. We used logistic regression to examine differences in GC/GT uptake by study arm (primary outcome) and repeated measures ANOVA to examine the effects of study arm and time on HBOC knowledge and emotional distress (secondary outcomes). Compared to the control arm, intervention participants were more likely to complete GC (OR  = 13.92, 95% CI = 3.06-63.25, p < .01) and GT (OR  = 12.93, 95% CI = 2.82-59.20, p < .01). Study site did not predict uptake of GC (p = .08) but Ponce participants were more likely to complete GT (OR  = 4.53, 95% CI = 1.04-19.72, p = .04). ANOVAs demonstrated an increase in HBOC knowledge over time across both groups (F(2,88) = 12.24, p < .01, η  = 0.22). We also found a significant interaction of study arm and time, such that intervention participants demonstrated a greater and sustained (to the 3-month follow-up) increase in knowledge than control participants (F(2,88) = 3.66, p = .03, η  = 0.08). No other main or interaction effects were significant (all p's> .15). Study findings demonstrate the potential of our culturally targeted print intervention. Lessons learned from this multisite pilot study for enhancing GC/GT in Latinas include the need to attend to both access to GC/GT and individual factors such as attitudes and knowledge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgc4.1324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7960565PMC
April 2021

Benchmarking treatment effects for patients over 70 with acute myeloid leukemia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Geriatr Oncol 2020 11 12;11(8):1293-1308. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Senior Adult Oncology Program, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA; Department of Oncology Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: The majority of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are aged 70 and over. However, there is uncertainty about how and whether older patients with AML should receive cytotoxic treatment.

Materials And Methods: Medline and Cochrane library search was performed for studies in newly diagnosed AML which enrolled at least 20 patients per arm (for randomized controlled trials), or 50 patients (for non-randomized studies) over the age of 70. References were hand searched for additional eligible studies. Study investigators were contacted to maximize relevant data. Dual independent data extraction was done using standardized data collection forms. Data was collected on study and treatment characteristics, baseline patient information, and outcomes. Study methodological quality was assessed. The primary outcome was 1 year overall survival (OS). Impact of treatment [intensive chemotherapy (INT), low-dose chemotherapy (LOW), hypomethylating agents (HMA), or best supportive care (BSC)], cytogenetics, performance status, and comorbidity were assessed.

Results: The search produced 11,846 references of which 38 randomized controlled trials and 30 non-randomized studies met inclusion criteria, representing 13,381 patients, with a worldwide distribution. One-year OS with INT was 37% (31-42%), with LOW 11% (6-18%), with HMA 35% (18-54%) and with BSC 17%(13-21%). Two-year OS was 22% (18-26%), 11% (7-15%), 22% (16-28%), 6% (2-12%), respectively. We present subgroup data based on the studies including cytogenetics, performance status, and comorbidity. Formal direct comparisons with adjustment for all prognostic factors were not possible.

Conclusions: In this largest to date series of AML patients aged 70 and older, we provide benchmarks for treatment efficacy and effectiveness that may be used for decision analysis models and for the future development of clinical trials focusing on these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2020.06.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7864384PMC
November 2020

Multiphase computed tomography radiomics of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms to predict malignancy.

World J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun;26(24):3458-3471

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, United States.

Background: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are non-invasive pancreatic precursor lesions that can potentially develop into invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Currently, the International Consensus Guidelines (ICG) for IPMNs provides the basis for evaluating suspected IPMNs on computed tomography (CT) imaging. Despite using the ICG, it remains challenging to accurately predict whether IPMNs harbor high grade or invasive disease which would warrant surgical resection. A supplementary quantitative radiological tool, radiomics, may improve diagnostic accuracy of radiological evaluation of IPMNs. We hypothesized that using CT whole lesion radiomics features in conjunction with the ICG could improve the diagnostic accuracy of predicting IPMN histology.

Aim: To evaluate whole lesion CT radiomic analysis of IPMNs for predicting malignant histology compared to International Consensus Guidelines.

Methods: Fifty-one subjects who had pancreatic surgical resection at our institution with histology demonstrating IPMN and available preoperative CT imaging were included in this retrospective cohort. Whole lesion semi-automated segmentation was performed on each preoperative CT using Healthmyne software (Healthmyne, Madison, WI). Thirty-nine relevant radiomic features were extracted from each lesion on each available contrast phase. Univariate analysis of the 39 radiomics features was performed for each contrast phase and values were compared between malignant and benign IPMN groups using logistic regression. Conventional quantitative and qualitative CT measurements were also compared between groups, (categorical) and Mann Whitney (continuous) variables.

Results: Twenty-nine subjects (15 males, age 71 ± 9 years) with high grade or invasive tumor histology comprised the "malignant" cohort, while 22 subjects (11 males, age 70 ± 7 years) with low grade tumor histology were included in the "benign" cohort. Radiomic analysis showed 18/39 precontrast, 19/39 arterial phase, and 21/39 venous phase features differentiated malignant from benign IPMNs ( < 0.05). Multivariate analysis including only ICG criteria yielded two significant variables: thickened and enhancing cyst wall and enhancing mural nodule < 5 mm with an AUC (95%CI) of 0.817 (0.709-0.926). Multivariable post contrast radiomics achieved an AUC (95%CI) of 0.87 (0.767-0.974) for a model including arterial phase radiomics features and 0.834 (0.716-0.953) for a model including venous phase radiomics features. Combined multivariable model including conventional variables and arterial phase radiomics features achieved an AUC (95%CI) of 0.93 (0.85-1.0) with a 5-fold cross validation AUC of 0.90.

Conclusion: Multi-phase CT radiomics evaluation could play a role in improving predictive capability in diagnosing malignancy in IPMNs. Future larger studies may help determine the clinical significance of our findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v26.i24.3458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327792PMC
June 2020

A multi-institutional phase 2 trial of regorafenib in refractory advanced biliary tract cancer.

Cancer 2020 08 26;126(15):3464-3470. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Background: Regorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor targeting angiogenesis, oncogenesis, and cancer proliferation/metastasis. This study evaluated the efficacy of regorafenib in refractory biliary tract cancer (BTC) in a multi-institutional phase 2 study.

Methods: Patients with BTC who progressed on at least 1 line of systemic therapy received regorafenib at 160 mg daily for 21 days on and 7 days off. The primary endpoint was 6-month overall survival (OS), and the secondary endpoints were median OS, progression-free survival (PFS), and objective response rates. Pretreatment plasma was collected for cytokine evaluation.

Results: A total of 39 patients were enrolled, and 33 were evaluable for efficacy. The median PFS and OS were 3.7 and 5.4 months, respectively, with survival rates of 46.2% at 6 months, 35.9% at 12 months, and 25.6% at 18 months for the intention-to-treat population. For the 33 evaluable patients who received regorafenib for at least 3 weeks, the median PFS and OS were 3.9 and 6.7 months, respectively, with survival rates of 51.5% at 6 months, 39.4% at 12 months, and 27.3% at 18 months. The objective response rate was 9.1%, and the disease control rate was 63.6%. Twenty-eight patients (71.8%) experienced grade 3/4 adverse events. Among the 23 cytokines analyzed, elevated baseline vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) was associated with shorter PFS, whereas elevated baseline interleukin 6 (IL-6) and glycoprotein 130 (GP130) were associated with shorter OS.

Conclusions: Regorafenib demonstrated modest clinical efficacy in heavily pretreated patients with BTC. Further exploration of biomarkers is warranted to identify a group of patients with BTC who may benefit from regorafenib.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7787270PMC
August 2020

Comparison of induction strategies and responses for acute myeloid leukemia patients after resistance to hypomethylating agents for antecedent myeloid malignancy.

Leuk Res 2020 06 1;93:106367. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Malignant Hematology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, United States.

Outcomes in patients with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) (including therapy related myeloid neoplasms and AML with myelodysplasia related changes (MRC)) are poor. Patients treated with hypomethylating agents (HMAs) for antecedent hematological malignancy (AHM) have suboptimal responses to induction chemotherapy upon transformation to AML. We investigated outcomes after various induction strategies in patients with sAML who had prior HMA exposure. We identified 242 patients with sAML who had prior HMA treatment for AHM and later received induction chemotherapy upon AML transformation and divided into 3 cohorts based on induction regimen: (A) CLAG/M (B) 7 + 3 and (C) CPX-351. The CR/CRi rate was 53% in cohort A, 32% in cohort B and 41.2% in cohort C (p = 0.005 between cohort A and B) (p = 0.329 between cohorts A and C) (p = 0.402 between cohorts B and C). The early death rates were not significantly different among the three cohorts (p = 0.200). In patients who received ≤4 cycles of HMAs prior to AML transformation, response rates to CPX-351 were higher (64.3%) with a trend toward better overall survival (OS) (19.9 vs. 5.5 months) compared to >4 cycles (p = 0.092). There was no significant difference in median OS among the 3 groups: cohort A (7.27 months), cohort B (7.63 months) and cohort C (7.07 months) (p = 0.887). We demonstrate that CLAG/M and CPX-351 yield higher CR/CRi rates compared to 7 + 3 in patients with sAML after HMA failure. Median OS remains poor and did not differ among the 3 groups, illustrating the unmet need for more efficacious therapy for sAML patients following HMA failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2020.106367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7771257PMC
June 2020

Sole Upfront Therapy with Beclomethasone and Budesonide for Upper Gastrointestinal Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 07 30;26(7):1303-1311. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida; Department of Oncological Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa Florida. Electronic address:

Systemic glucocorticoids remain the standard treatment for gastrointestinal (GI) acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) despite their toxicity and incomplete efficacy. Controlled trials have tested poorly absorbable steroids as adjuncts with systemic glucocorticoids, but only small case series have reported treatment with poorly absorbed beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) and budesonide (BUD) alone. Our team has adopted the practice of administering BDP or BDP+BUD without systemic glucocorticoids as first-line therapy for isolated upper GI (UGI) aGVHD. We report results in 76 patients treated with BDP alone and in 81 patients treated with BDP+BUD, with allocation by physician choice. Almost all patients received peripheral blood stem cells (92%) from a fully HLA-matched related or unrelated donor (80%) after myeloablative conditioning (76%) for acute leukemia (49%), myelodysplastic syndrome (17%), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (14%), or another hematopoietic disorders (20%). After 28 days of treatment with BDP, 46% of the patients had a complete response (CR) and 10% had a partial response (PR); after 200 days, 61 (80%) patients were alive, 34% maintained a CR, and 3% maintained a PR, whereas 53% required additional immunosuppression (IS). After 28 days of treatment with BDP+BUD, 67% had a CR and 10% a PR; after 200 days, 74 (91%) patients were alive, 46% maintained a CR, and 2% maintained a PR, whereas 43% required additional IS. Among the entire cohort of 157 patients, 66 (42%) were treated successfully without systemic glucocorticoids. This study reports the efficacy of poorly absorbable steroids alone for patients with isolated UGI aGVHD. Prospective trials should test for the potential advantages of BDP and BUD use over systemic glucocorticoids.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.04.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7771266PMC
July 2020

Immune reconstitution and associated infections following axicabtagene ciloleucel in relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma.

Haematologica 2021 04 1;106(4):978-986. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Dept. of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, USA.

CD19 CAR T-cell therapy with axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) for relapsed or refractory (R/R) large B cell lymphoma (LBCL) may lead to durable remissions, however, prolonged cytopenias and infections may occur. In this single center retrospective study of 85 patients, we characterized immune reconstitution and infections for patients remaining in remission after axi-cel for LBCL. Prolonged cytopenias (those occurring at or after day 30 following infusion) were common with >= grade 3 neutropenia seen in 21/70 (30-0%) patients at day 30 and persisting in 3/31 (9-7%) patients at 1 year. B cells were undetectable in 30/34 (88-2%) patients at day 30, but were detected in 11/19 (57-9%) at 1 year. Median IgG levels reached a nadir at day 180. By contrast, CD4 T cells decreased from baseline and were persistently low with a median CD4 count of 155 cells/μl at 1 year after axi-cel (n=19, range 33 - 269). In total, 23/85 (27-1%) patients received IVIG after axi-cel, and 34/85 (40-0%) received G-CSF. Infections in the first 30 days occurred in 31/85 (36-5%) patients, of which 11/85 (12-9%) required intravenous antibiotics or hospitalization ("severe") and were associated with cytokine release syndrome (CRS), neurotoxicity, tocilizumab use, corticosteroid use, and bridging therapy on univariate analyses. After day 30, 7 severe infections occurred, with no late deaths due to infection. Prolonged cytopenias are common following axi-cel therapy for LBCL and typically recover with time. Most patients experience profound and prolonged CD4 T cell immunosuppression without severe infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.238634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8017820PMC
April 2021

Metabolic reprogramming augments potency of human pSTAT3-inhibited iTregs to suppress alloreactivity.

JCI Insight 2020 05 7;5(9). Epub 2020 May 7.

Division of Hematology, Oncology, and Transplantation, Department of Medicine, Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Immunosuppressive donor Tregs can prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or solid-organ allograft rejection. We previously demonstrated that inhibiting STAT3 phosphorylation (pSTAT3) augments FOXP3 expression, stabilizing induced Tregs (iTregs). Here we report that human pSTAT3-inhibited iTregs prevent human skin graft rejection and xenogeneic GVHD yet spare donor antileukemia immunity. pSTAT3-inhibited iTregs express increased levels of skin-homing cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen, immunosuppressive GARP and PD-1, and IL-9 that supports tolerizing mast cells. Further, pSTAT3-inhibited iTregs significantly reduced alloreactive conventional T cells, Th1, and Th17 cells implicated in GVHD and tissue rejection and impaired infiltration by pathogenic Th2 cells. Mechanistically, pSTAT3 inhibition of iTregs provoked a shift in metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) to glycolysis and reduced electron transport chain activity. Strikingly, cotreatment with coenzyme Q10 restored OxPhos in pSTAT3-inhibited iTregs and augmented their suppressive potency. These findings support the rationale for clinically testing the safety and efficacy of metabolically tuned, human pSTAT3-inhibited iTregs to control alloreactive T cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.136437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253027PMC
May 2020

The big reveal: Family disclosure patterns of BRCA genetic test results among young Black women with invasive breast cancer.

J Genet Couns 2020 06 7;29(3):410-422. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Health Outcomes and Behavior Program, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Despite higher incidence and mortality of breast cancer among younger Black women, genetic testing outcomes remain severely understudied among Blacks. Past research on disclosure of genetic testing results to family members has disproportionately focused on White, educated, high socioeconomic status women. This study addresses this gap in knowledge by assessing (a) to whom Black women disclose genetic test results and (b) if patterns of disclosure vary based on test result (e.g., BRCA1/2 positive, negative, variant of uncertain significance [VUS]). Black women (N = 149) with invasive breast cancer diagnosed age ≤50 years from 2009 to 2012 received free genetic testing through a prospective, population-based study. At 12 months post-testing, women reported with whom they shared their genetic test results. The exact test by binomial distribution was used to examine whether disclosure to female relatives was significantly greater than disclosure to male relatives, and logistic regression analyses tested for differences in disclosure to any female relative, any male relative, parents, siblings, children, and spouses by genetic test result. Most (77%) women disclosed their results to at least one family member. Disclosure to female relatives was significantly greater than disclosure to males (p < .001). Compared to those who tested negative or had a VUS, BRCA1/2-positive women were significantly less likely to disclose results to their daughters (OR  = 0.25, 95% CI = 0.07-0.94, p = .041) by 12 months post-genetic testing. Genetic test result did not predict any other type of disclosure (all ps > 0.12). Results suggest that in Black families, one benefit of genetic testing-to inform patients and their family about cancer risk information-is not being realized. To increase breast cancer preventive care among high-risk Black women, the oncology care team should prepare Black BRCA1/2-positive women to share genetic test results with family members and, in particular, their daughters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgc4.1196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7343233PMC
June 2020

Impact of Genetic Testing on Risk-Management Behavior of Black Breast Cancer Survivors: A Longitudinal, Observational Study.

Ann Surg Oncol 2020 May 1;27(5):1659-1670. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Background: Black women are overrepresented among premenopausal breast cancer (BC) survivors. These patients warrant genetic testing (GT) followed by risk-reducing behaviors. This study documented patterns and predictors of cancer risk-management behaviors among young black BC survivors after GT.

Methods: Black women (n = 143) with a diagnosis of BC at the age of 50 years or younger received GT. At 1 year after GT, participants reported receipt of risk-reducing mastectomy, risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, mammogram, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CA125 test, and transvaginal/pelvic ultrasound. Logistic regression was used to examine predictors of BC risk management (risk-reducing mastectomy or breast MRI) and ovarian cancer risk management (risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, CA125 test, or transvaginal/pelvic ultrasound).

Results: Of the study participants, 16 (11%) were BRCA1/2-positive, 43 (30%) had a variant of uncertain significance, and 84 (59%) were negative. During the 12 months after GT, no women received risk-reducing mastectomy. The majority (93%) received a mammogram, and a smaller proportion received breast MRI (33%), risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (10%), CA125 test (11%), or transvaginal/pelvic ultrasound (34%). Longer time since the BC diagnosis predicted lower likelihood of BC risk management (odds ratio [OR] 0.54). BRCA1/2 carrier status (OR 4.57), greater perceived risk of recurrence (OR 8.03), and more hereditary breast and ovarian cancer knowledge (OR 1.37) predicted greater likelihood of ovarian cancer risk management.

Conclusions: Young black BC survivors appropriately received mammograms and ovarian cancer risk management based on their BRCA1/2 test result. However, the low usage of MRI among BRCA1/2 carriers contrasts with national guidelines. Future research should examine barriers to MRI among black BC survivors. Finally, modifiable variables predicting risk management after GT were identified, providing implications for future interventions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-019-07982-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7145726PMC
May 2020

Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale and Clinical Characteristics Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Oncology Supportive Care Outpatients.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2019 09;17(9):1059-1064

Department of Supportive Care Medicine, Moffitt Cancer Center, and.

Background: Information about the frequency of cannabinoid use and the clinical characteristics of its users in oncology supportive care is limited. This study explored associations between cannabinoid use and cancer-related clinical characteristics in a cancer population.

Patients And Methods: This retrospective review included 332 patients who had a urine drug test (UDT) for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) together with completion of an Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) and cannabinoid history questionnaire on the same day that urine was obtained during 1 year in the supportive care clinic.

Results: The frequency of positive results for THC in a UDT was 22.9% (n=76). Significant statistical differences were seen between THC-positive and THC-negative patients for age (median of 52 [lower quartile, 44; upper quartile, 56] vs 58 [48; 67] years; P<.001), male sex (53.9% vs 39.5%; P=.034), and past or current cannabinoid use (65.8% vs 26.2%; P<.001). Statistical significance was observed in ESAS items between the THC-positive and THC-negative groups for pain (7 [lower quartile, 5; upper quartile; 8] vs 5 [3; 7]; P=.001), nausea (1 [0; 3] vs 0 [0; 3]; P=.049), appetite (4 [2; 7] vs 3 [0; 5.75]; P=.015), overall well-being (5.5 [4; 7] vs 5 [3; 6]; P=.002), spiritual well-being (5 [2; 6] vs 3 [1; 3]; P=.015), insomnia (7 [5; 9] vs 4 [2; 7]; P<.001), and total ESAS (52 [34; 66] vs 44 [29; 54]; P=.001). Among patients who reported current or past cannabinoid use, THC-positive patients had higher total scores and scores for pain, appetite, overall well-being, spiritual well-being, and insomnia than THC-negative patients.

Conclusions: Patients with cancer receiving outpatient supportive care who had positive UDT results for THC had higher symptom severity scores for pain, nausea, appetite, overall and spiritual well-being, and insomnia compared with their THC-negative counterparts. These results highlight potential opportunities to improve palliative care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2019.7301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7771367PMC
September 2019

Modified Simon's minimax and optimal two-stage designs for single-arm phase II cancer clinical trials.

Oncotarget 2019 Jul 2;10(42):4255-4261. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.

Simon's two-stage design and the admissible two-stage design have been commonly used in practice for single-arm phase II clinical trials when the primary endpoint is binary. The ethical benefit of the two-stage design over the single-stage design is attained by the early termination of the trial when the treatment seems to be inactive. While Simon's optimal design is the two-stage design that minimizes the expected number of subjects under the null hypothesis, the probability of falsely declaring futility after the first stage frequently seems undesirably high. In Simon's minimax design, however, it is often the case that a high proportion of the total planned subjects are evaluated in the first stage, and thus the ethical benefit may not be achieved. In this paper, we propose modified minimax and optimal two-stage designs which guarantee not only type I and II error rates but also reasonable sample size proportions in the first stage, while maintaining the probability of falsely declaring futility under a pre-selected level. The characteristics of the modified two-stage design will be compared with those of Simon's and the admissible two-stage design. The modified minimax design yields a design that requires modest increase in 29% of cases, while the modified optimal design saves 1 to 13 subjects in 81% of cases for β = 0.2. The modified design approach provides investigators with an alternative when the sample sizes of Simon's designs are severely unbalanced or the Type II error is unacceptably high after the first stage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.26981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6611508PMC
July 2019

Comparisons of commonly used front-line regimens on survival outcomes in patients aged 70 years and older with acute myeloid leukemia.

Haematologica 2020 31;105(2):398-406. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL.

In older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, the more frequent presence of biologically inherent therapy-resistant disease and increased comorbidities translate to poor overall survival and therapeutic challenges. Optimal front-line therapies for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia remain controversial. We retrospectively evaluated survival outcomes in 980 elderly (≥70 years) acute myeloid leukemia patients from a single institution between 1995 and 2016. Four treatment categories were compared: high-intensity (daunorubicin/cytarabine or equivalent), hypomethylating agent, low-intensity (low-dose cytarabine or similar without hypomethylating agents), and supportive care therapy (including hydroxyurea). At a median follow up of 20.5 months, the median overall survival for the entire cohort was 7.1 months. Multivariate analysis identified secondary acute myeloid leukemia, poor-risk cytogenetics, performance status, front-line therapy, age, white blood cell count, platelet count, and hemoglobin level at diagnosis as having an impact on survival. High-intensity therapy was used in 360 patients (36.7%), hypomethylating agent in 255 (26.0%), low-intensity therapy in 91 (9.3%), and supportive care in 274 (28.0%). Pairwise comparisons between hypomethylating agent therapy and the three other treatment groups demonstrated statistically significant superior median overall survival with hypomethylating agent [14.4 months) high-intensity therapy 10.8 months, hazard ratio 1.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.65; =0.004], low-intensity therapy (5.9 months, hazard ratio 2.01, 95%CI: 1.53-2.62; <0.0001), and supportive care (2.1 months, hazard ratio 2.94, 95%CI: 2.39-3.61; <0.0001). Our results indicate a significant survival benefit with hypomethylating agents compared to high-intensity, low-intensity, or supportive care. Additionally, high-intensity chemotherapy resulted in superior overall outcomes compared to low-intensity therapy and supportive care. Results from this study highlight the need for novel therapeutic approaches besides utilization of intensive chemotherapy in this specific aged population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2018.208637DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7012500PMC
April 2021

A randomized controlled intervention to promote readiness to genetic counseling for breast cancer survivors.

Psychooncology 2019 05 11;28(5):980-988. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida.

Objective: Breast cancer (BC) survivors with a genetic mutation are at higher risk for subsequent cancer; knowing genetic risk status could help survivors make decisions about follow-up screening. Uptake of genetic counseling and testing (GC/GT) to determine BRCA status is low among high risk BC survivors. This study assessed feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a newly developed psychoeducational intervention (PEI) for GC/GT.

Methods: High risk BC survivors (N = 119) completed a baseline questionnaire and were randomized to the intervention (PEI video/booklet) or control (factsheet) group. Follow-up questionnaires were completed 2 weeks after baseline (T2), and 4 months after T2 (T3). We analyzed recruitment, retention (feasibility), whether the participant viewed study materials (acceptability), intent to get GC/GT (efficacy), and psychosocial outcomes (eg, perceived risk, Impact of Events Scale [IES]). t tests or chi-square tests identified differences between intervention groups at baseline. Mixed models examined main effects of group, time, and group-by-time interactions.

Results: Groups were similar on demographic characteristics (P ≥ .05). Of participants who completed the baseline questionnaire, 91% followed through to study completion and 92% viewed study materials. A higher percentage of participants in the intervention group moved toward GC/GT (28% vs 8%; P = .027). Mixed models demonstrated significant group-by-time interactions for perceived risk (P = .029), IES (P = .027), and IES avoidance subscale (P = .012).

Conclusions: The PEI was feasible, acceptable, and efficacious. Women in the intervention group reported greater intentions to pursue GC, greater perceived risk, and decreased avoidance. Future studies should seek to first identify system-level barriers and facilitators before aiming to address individual-level barriers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pon.5059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6873464PMC
May 2019

Association of multidimensional comorbidities with survival, toxicity, and unplanned hospitalizations in older adults with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with chemotherapy.

J Geriatr Oncol 2019 09 11;10(5):733-741. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Senior Adult Oncology Program, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Studies of older patients with colorectal cancer(CRC) have found inconsistent results about the correlation of various comorbidities with overall survival(OS) and treatment tolerance. To refine our understanding, we evaluated this correlation using the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatric(CIRS-G) and heat maps to identify subgroups with the highest impact.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 153 patients aged 65 years and older with stage IV CRC undergoing chemotherapy. We calculated CIRS-G scores, and a Total Risk Score(TRS) derived from a previous heat map study. The association between CIRS-G scores/TRS and OS, unplanned hospitalizations, and chemotoxicity was examined by the Cox proportional hazards model.

Results: Median age was 71 years. Median MAX2 score of chemotherapies was 0.134(0.025-0.231). The most common comorbidities were vascular(79.8%), eye/ear/nose/throat(68%), and respiratory disease(52.4%). Median OS was 25.1 months(95% confidence interval: 21.2-27.6). In univariate analysis, ECOG PS ≥ 2(HR 1.86(1.1-3.17), p = 0.019), poorly differentiated histology(HR 2.03(1.27-3.25), p = 0.003), primary site(rectum vs colon)(HR 0.58 (0.34-0.98), p = 0.04), age at diagnosis(HR per 5y 1.20 (1.04-1.39), p = 0.012), and number of CIRS-G grade 4 comorbidities(HR 1.86 (1.1-3.17), p = 0.019) were associated with OS. In multivariate analysis, the number of CIRS-G grade 4 comorbidities lost significance, although it retained it in the subgroup of patients with colon cancer. Conversely, the TRS was associated with OS in patients with rectal cancer. No association of comorbidity with unplanned hospitalization or chemotoxicity was observed.

Conclusions: In older adults with metastatic CRC, the number of CIRS-G grade 4 comorbidities was associated with worse OS but no specific CIRS-G category was independently associated with OS, unplanned hospitalization, or toxicities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2019.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6689443PMC
September 2019

Inhibition of Human Dendritic Cell ER Stress Response Reduces T Cell Alloreactivity Yet Spares Donor Anti-tumor Immunity.

Front Immunol 2018 6;9:2887. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Blood and Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Immunotherapy, Tampa, FL, United States.

Acute graft- vs. -host disease (GVHD) is an important cause of morbidity and death after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We identify a new approach to prevent GVHD that impairs monocyte-derived dendritic cell (moDC) alloactivation of T cells, yet preserves graft- vs.-leukemia (GVL). Exceeding endoplasmic reticulum (ER) capacity results in a spliced form of X-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1s). XBP-1s mediates ER stress and inflammatory responses. We demonstrate that siRNA targeting XBP-1 in moDCs abrogates their stimulation of allogeneic T cells. B-I09, an inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (IRE1α) inhibitor that prevents XBP-1 splicing, reduces human moDC migration, allo-stimulatory potency, and curtails moDC IL-1β, TGFβ, and p40 cytokines, suppressing Th1 and Th17 cell priming. B-I09-treated moDCs reduce responder T cell activation via calcium flux without interfering with regulatory T cell (Treg) function or GVL effects by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and NK cells. In a human T cell mediated xenogeneic GVHD model, B-I09 inhibition of XBP-1s reduced target-organ damage and pathogenic Th1 and Th17 cells without impacting donor Tregs or anti-tumor CTL. DC XBP-1s inhibition provides an innovative strategy to prevent GVHD and retain GVL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.02887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291501PMC
October 2019

Health beliefs associated with readiness for genetic counseling among high risk breast cancer survivors.

Breast J 2019 01 28;25(1):117-123. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida.

We used the Health Belief Model (HBM) to explore factors associated with readiness for genetic counseling among breast cancer survivors. Breast cancer survivors meeting NCCN genetic counseling referral criteria completed questionnaires capturing demographic and clinical information and factors guided by the HBM, including health beliefs, psychosocial variables, and cues to action. Using logistic regression, we examined whether the above variables differed based on readiness group (pre-contemplators, who did not plan to make a genetic counseling appointment, and contemplators, who planned to make a genetic counseling appointment in the next 1-6 months). Of 111 participants, 57% were pre-contemplators and 43% were contemplators. Higher cancer worry was associated with increased odds of being a contemplator (OR = 2.99; 95% CI = 1.37-6.54) and higher perceived barriers to genetic counseling were associated with decreased odds of being a contemplator (OR = 0.31; 95% CI = 0.11-0.85). Those who reported a family member encouraged them to get tested were more likely to be contemplators (OR = 3.57; 95% CI = 1.19-10.70). Our results suggest key factors for predicting genetic counseling readiness include cancer worry, perceived barriers, and family influence. There is need for increased genetic counseling awareness. Better understanding of factors related to survivors' decisions about counseling can inform tailored interventions to improve uptake and ultimately reduce cancer recurrence risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbj.13165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464122PMC
January 2019

Phase 1 trial of enzalutamide in combination with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer.

Invest New Drugs 2019 06 9;37(3):473-481. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Background Androgens were shown to play a key role in the growth and progression of pancreatic cancer. We evaluated the safety and tolerability of the combination of enzalutamide, a novel androgen receptor (AR) antagonist with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel as a first-line treatment in advanced pancreatic cancer. Methods We used the standard 3 + 3 dose escalation design with cohort expansion to evaluate 2 dose levels of enzalutamide: 80 mg and 160 mg/day orally (phase 1a) in combination with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients. In the expansion phase (phase 1b), AR+ was a pre-requisite criterion. We also evaluated the full pharmacokinetic (PK) profile for nab-paclitaxel and enzalutamide. Results We enrolled 24 patients, 12 patients in phase 1a and 12 patients in phase 1b. The median age was 68 (range, 32-84) years. No DLTs were observed. Grade 3/4 treatment related adverse events included neutropenia (44%), anemia (40%), leukopenia (24%), nausea and vomiting (20%), diarrhea (16%), infections (12%), thrombocytopenia (8%), thromboembolic event (8%), hypertension (8%), hypokalemia (8%), hyponatremia (8%), and ALT elevation (8%). Median overall survival and progression-free survival was 9.73 [95%CI:9.73-13.5] and 7.53 (95%CI:6.05-12.8) months, respectively. PK analysis suggests that the combination therapy does not impact the kinetics of either drug evaluated. Enzalutamide reached steady-state levels between day 22 and 29 and the mean half-life of nab-paclitaxel was 19.6 ± 4.7 h. Conclusions Enzalutamide 160 mg daily in combination with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel can be safely administered with no unexpected toxicities. We also noticed preliminary signals of efficacy with this combination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10637-018-0676-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7771270PMC
June 2019

A phase I/randomized phase II study of GM.CD40L vaccine in combination with CCL21 in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.

Cancer Immunol Immunother 2018 Dec 12;67(12):1853-1862. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Thoracic Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, 12902 Magnolia Drive, FOB1, Tampa, FL, 33612, USA.

The GM.CD40L vaccine, which recruits and activates dendritic cells, migrates to lymph nodes, activating T cells and leading to systemic tumor cell killing. When combined with the CCL21 chemokine, which recruits T cells and enhances T-cell responses, additive effects have been demonstrated in non-small cell lung cancer mouse models. Here, we compared GM.CD40L versus GM.CD40L plus CCL21 (GM.CD40L.CCL21) in lung adenocarcinoma patients with ≥ 1 line of treatment. In this phase I/II randomized trial (NCT01433172), patients received intradermal vaccines every 14 days (3 doses) and then monthly (3 doses). A two-stage minimax design was used. During phase I, no dose-limiting toxicities were shown in three patients who received GM.CD40L.CCL21. During phase II, of evaluable patients, 5/33 patients (15.2%) randomized for GM.DCD40L (p = .023) and 3/32 patients (9.4%) randomized for GM.DCD40L.CCL21 (p = .20) showed 6-month progression-free survival. Median overall survival was 9.3 versus 9.5 months with GM.DCD40L versus GM.DCD40L.CCL21 (95% CI 0.70-2.25; p = .44). For GM.CD40L versus GM.CD40L.CCL21, the most common treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were grade 1/2 injection site reaction (51.4% versus 61.1%) and grade 1/2 fatigue (35.1% versus 47.2%). Grade 1 immune-mediated TRAEs were isolated to skin. No patients showed evidence of pseudo-progression or immune-related TRAEs of grade 1 or greater of pneumonitis, endocrinopathy, or colitis, and none discontinued treatment due to toxicity. Although we found no significant associations between vaccine immunogenicity and outcomes, in limited biopsies, one patient treated with GMCD40L.CCL21 displayed abundant tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. This possible effectiveness warrants further investigation of GM.CD40L in combination approaches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00262-018-2236-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244998PMC
December 2018

Psychosocial impact of BRCA testing in young Black breast cancer survivors.

Psychooncology 2018 12 9;27(12):2778-2785. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Objective: Prior studies demonstrating minimal psychological consequences for women receiving genetic counseling/genetic testing (GC/GT) for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer rely on predominantly Caucasian women. We conducted a prospective follow-up of a subset of participants from a population-based study of Black breast cancer (BC) survivors receiving GC/GT for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations.

Methods: Black women with invasive BC at age ≤ 50 years diagnosed between 2009 and 2012 were recruited through the Florida Cancer Registry. Participants (n = 215, age M = 44.7, SD = 6.2) were offered telephone pre- and post-test GC, a subset completed questionnaires assessing sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial variables.

Results: There were no baseline differences in cancer-related distress, psychological distress, or quality of life between test result groups. Social well-being improved in women receiving negative results (P = .01), but no other outcomes demonstrated significant changes over time between groups.

Conclusions: Our study is among the first to demonstrate minimal negative psychosocial outcomes following GC/GT among young Black BC survivors, irrespective of test results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pon.4887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279596PMC
December 2018

Using Big Data in oncology to prospectively impact clinical patient care: A proof of concept study.

J Geriatr Oncol 2018 11 17;9(6):665-672. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Big Data is widely seen as a major opportunity for progress in the practice of personalized medicine, attracting the attention from medical societies and presidential teams alike as it offers a unique opportunity to enlarge the base of evidence, especially for older patients underrepresented in clinical trials. This study prospectively assessed the real-time availability of clinical cases in the Health & Research Informatics Total Cancer Care™ (TCC) database matching community patients with cancer, and the impact of such a consultation on treatment.

Materials And Methods: Patients aged 70 and older seen at the Lynn Cancer Institute (LCI) with a documented malignancy were eligible. Geriatric screening information and the oncologist's pre-consultation treatment plan were sent to Moffitt. A search for similar patients was done in TCC and additional information retrieved from Electronic Medical Records. A report summarizing the data was sent and the utility of such a consultation was assessed per email after the treatment decision.

Results: Thirty one patients were included. The geriatric screening was positive in 87.1% (27) of them. The oncogeriatric consultation took on average 2.2 working days. It influenced treatment in 38.7% (12), and modified it in 19.4% (6). The consultation was perceived as "somewhat" to "very useful" in 83.9% (26).

Conclusion: This study establishes a proof of concept of the feasibility of real time use of Big Data for clinical practice. The geriatric screening and the consultation report influenced treatment in 38.7% of cases and modified it in 19.4%, which compares very well with oncogeriatric literature. Additional steps are needed to render it financially and clinically viable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2018.03.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192862PMC
November 2018

Prediction of pathological nodal involvement by CT-based Radiomic features of the primary tumor in patients with clinically node-negative peripheral lung adenocarcinomas.

Med Phys 2018 Jun 29;45(6):2518-2526. Epub 2018 Apr 29.

Department of Cancer Imaging and Metabolism, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, 12902 Magnolia Drive, Tampa, FL, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of computed tomography (CT) based radiomic features of primary tumors to predict pathological nodal involvement in clinically node-negative (N0) peripheral lung adenocarcinomas.

Methods: A total of 187 patients with clinical N0 peripheral lung adenocarcinomas who underwent preoperative CT scan and subsequently received systematic lymph node dissection were retrospectively reviewed. 219 quantitative 3D radiomic features of primary lung tumor were extracted; meanwhile, nine radiological semantic features were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to explore the role of these features in predicting pathological nodal involvement. The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) were compared between multivariate logistic regression models.

Results: A total of 153 patients had pathological N0 status and 34 had pathological lymph node metastasis. On univariate analysis, fissure attachment and 17 radiomic features were significantly associated with pathological nodal involvement. Multivariate analysis revealed that semantic features of pleural retraction (P = 0.048) and fissure attachment (P = 0.023) were significant predictors of pathological nodal involvement (AUC = 0.659); and the radiomic feature F185 (Histogram SD Layer 1) (P = 0.0001) was an independent prognostic factor of pathological nodal involvement (AUC = 0.73). A logistic regression model produced from combining radiomic feature and semantic feature showed the highest AUC of 0.758 (95% CI: 0.685-0.831), and the AUC value computed by fivefold cross-validation method was 0.737 (95% CI: 0.73-0.744).

Conclusions: Features derived on primary lung tumor described by semantic and radiomic could provide information of pathological nodal involvement in clinical N0 peripheral lung adenocarcinomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.12901DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161827PMC
June 2018