Publications by authors named "Jon Hao"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Delayed KCNQ1/KCNE1 assembly on the cell surface helps I fulfil its function as a repolarization reserve in the heart.

J Physiol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Key Points: In adult ventricular myocytes, the slow delayed rectifier (I ) channels are distributed on the surface sarcolemma, not t-tubules. In adult ventricular myocytes, KCNQ1 and KCNE1 have distinct cell surface and cytoplasmic pools. KCNQ1 and KCNE1 traffic from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane by separate routes, and assemble into I channels on the cell surface. Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry applied to affinity-purified KCNQ1 and KCNE1 interacting proteins reveals novel interactors involved in protein trafficking and assembly. Microtubule plus-end binding protein 1 (EB1) binds KCNQ1 preferentially in its dimer form, and promotes KCNQ1 to reach the cell surface. An LQT1-associated mutation, Y111C, reduces KCNQ1 binding to EB1 dimer.

Abstract: Slow delayed rectifier (I ) channels consist of KCNQ1 and KCNE1. I functions as a 'repolarization reserve' in the heart by providing extra current for ventricular action potential shortening during β-adrenergic stimulation. There has been much debate about how KCNQ1 and KCNE1 traffic in cells, where they associate to form I channels, and the distribution pattern of I channels relative to β-adrenergic signalling complex. We used experimental strategies not previously applied to KCNQ1, KCNE1 or I , to provide new insights into these issues. 'Retention-using-selected-hook' experiments showed that newly translated KCNE1 constitutively trafficked through the conventional secretory path to the cell surface. KCNQ1 largely stayed in the endoplasmic reticulum, although dynamic KCNQ1 vesicles were observed in the submembrane region. Disulphide-bonded KCNQ1/KCNE1 constructs reported preferential association after they had reached cell surface. An in situ proximity ligation assay detected I channels in surface sarcolemma but not t-tubules of ventricular myocytes, similar to the reported location of adenylate cyclase 9/yotiao. Fluorescent protein-tagged KCNQ1 and KCNE1, in conjunction with antibodies targeting their extracellular epitopes, detected distinct cell surface and cytoplasmic pools of both proteins in myocytes. We conclude that, in cardiomyocytes, KCNQ1 and KCNE1 traffic by different routes to surface sarcolemma where they assemble into I channels. This mode of delayed channel assembly helps I fulfil its function of repolarization reserve. Proteomic experiments revealed a novel KCNQ1 interactor, microtubule plus-end binding protein 1 (EB1). EB1 dimer (active form) bound KCNQ1 and increased its surface level. An LQT1 mutation, Y111C, reduced KCNQ1 binding to EB1 dimer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/JP281773DOI Listing
May 2021

Global identification of S-palmitoylated proteins and detection of palmitoylating (DHHC) enzymes in heart.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2021 Jun 23;155:1-9. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States. Electronic address:

High-throughput experiments suggest that almost 20% of human proteins may be S-palmitoylatable, a post-translational modification (PTM) whereby fatty acyl chains, most commonly palmitoyl chain, are linked to cysteine thiol groups that impact on protein trafficking, distribution and function. In human, protein S-palmitoylation is mediated by a group of 23 palmitoylating 'Asp-His-His-Cys' domain-containing (DHHC) enzymes. There is no information on the scope of protein S-palmitoylation, or the pattern of DHHC enzyme expression, in the heart. We used resin-assisted capture to pull down S-palmitoylated proteins from human, dog, and rat hearts, followed by proteomic search to identify proteins in the pulldowns. We identified 454 proteins present in at least 2 species-specific pulldowns. These proteins are operationally called 'cardiac palmitoylome'. Enrichment analysis based on Gene Ontology terms 'cellular component' indicated that cardiac palmitoylome is involved in cell-cell and cell-substrate junctions, plasma membrane microdomain organization, vesicular trafficking, and mitochondrial enzyme organization. Importantly, cardiac palmitoylome is uniquely enriched in proteins participating in the organization and function of t-tubules, costameres and intercalated discs, three microdomains critical for excitation-contraction coupling and intercellular communication of cardiomyocytes. We validated antibodies targeting DHHC enzymes, and detected eleven of them expressed in hearts across species. In conclusion, we provide resources useful for investigators interested in studying protein S-palmitoylation and its regulation by DHHC enzymes in the heart. We also discuss challenges in these efforts, and suggest methods and tools that should be developed to overcome these challenges.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yjmcc.2021.02.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8154712PMC
June 2021

Analytical Characterization of Methyl-β-Cyclodextrin for Pharmacological Activity to Reduce Lysosomal Cholesterol Accumulation in Niemann-Pick Disease Type C1 Cells.

Assay Drug Dev Technol 2017 May/Jun;15(4):154-166

1 National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda, Maryland.

Methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) reduces lysosomal cholesterol accumulation in Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1) patient fibroblasts. However, the pharmacological activity of MβCD reported by different laboratories varies. To determine the potential causes of this variation, we analyzed the mass spectrum characteristics, pharmacological activity of three preparations of MβCDs, and the protein expression profiles of NPC1 patient fibroblasts after treatment with different sources of MβCDs. Our data revealed varied mass spectrum profiles and pharmacological activities on the reduction of lysosomal cholesterol accumulation in NPC1 fibroblasts for these three preparations of MβCDs obtained from different batches and different sources. Furthermore, a proteomic analysis showed the differences of these three MβCD preparations on amelioration of dysregulated protein expression levels in NPC1 cells. The results demonstrate the importance of prescreening of different cyclodextrin preparations before use as a therapeutic agent. A combination of mass spectrum analysis, measurement of pharmacological activity, and proteomic profiling provides an effective analytical procedure for characterization of cyclodextrins for therapeutic applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/adt.2017.774DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5510037PMC
March 2018