Publications by authors named "John W Bracey"

8 Publications

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Retrospective Comparison of Capitolunate Arthrodesis Using Headless Compression Screws Versus Nitinol Memory Staples for SLAC and SNAC Wrist: Radiographic, Functional, and Patient-Reported Outcomes.

Hand (N Y) 2021 Apr 1:1558944721999732. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

OrthoCarolina, Charlotte, USA.

Background: Nitinol memory compression staples have been proposed as an effective alternative to compression screws for capitolunate arthrodesis (CLA) for scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) and scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) wrist. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of CLA for SNAC or SLAC wrist treatment using either compression screws or nitinol staples.

Methods: In all, 47 patients with CLA for SLAC or SNAC wrist with screws or nitinol staples were retrospectively identified. Primary outcome was fusion on radiographs and/or computed tomography. Secondary outcomes were hardware-related complications (HWCs) and other complications, range of motion, grip strength, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), including Visual Analogue Pain scale; Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score; and patient-rated wrist evaluation.

Results: Of the 47 eligible patients, 40 (85%) were included: 31 patients in the staple group and 9 patients in the screw group. The average age was 49 (17-80) years. There was an 89% union rate for the screw group and a 97% union rate for the staple group. Two patients had screw backout: one who went onto union after screw removal and the other who went onto nonunion after hardware removal. There were 2 (6.5%) HWCs in the staple group. One patient had staple loosening requiring revision and the other dorsal impingement requiring staple removal after radiographic union. In all subsequent cases, the staples were countersunk with no impingement. No significant differences existed between any additional outcomes.

Conclusions: We found no differences between nitinol staples and screws for CLA regarding HWCs or PROMs. Nitinol staples may offer additional benefits as a safe and effective alternative to compression screws for wrist fusions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944721999732DOI Listing
April 2021

A Novel Telemedicine System for Care of Statewide Hand Trauma.

Hand (N Y) 2021 Mar 29;16(2):253-257. Epub 2019 May 29.

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA.

Telemedicine is an evolving tool to increase patients' access to subspecialty care. Since 2014, Arkansas has been utilizing telemedicine in the evaluation of patients with hand injuries. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of this novel telemedicine system for the management of hand trauma on patient transfer. We reviewed data from the first year of the telemedicine program (2014) and compared it to data from the year prior (2013). Data collection from both years included number of hand consults and need for transfer. From the 2014 data, we also recorded the use of telemedicine, type of transfer, distance of transfer, and time to disposition. During 2013 (pre-telemedicine), there were 263 hand traumas identified. In all, 191 (73%) injuries required transfer to a higher level of care, while 72 (23%) were managed locally. In the first year of the telemedicine program (2014), a total of 331 hand injuries were identified. A total of 298 (90%) resulted in telemedicine consultation with 65% (195) utilizing video encounters. After telemedicine consultation, local management was recommended for 164 injuries (55%) while transfer was recommended for 134 (45%). Using telemedicine, there was a significant decrease in the percentage of transfer for hand injuries ( < .001). The telemedicine program was well utilized and provided patients throughout the state with continuous access to fellowship trained hand surgeons including regions where hand subspecialty care is not available. The program resulted in a significant decrease in the number of hospital transfers for the management of acute hand trauma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944719850633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8041423PMC
March 2021

A Cadaveric Study of Cutaneous Vascular Anatomy about the Elbow Using Computed Tomography Angiography.

Clin Anat 2019 May 19;32(4):509-514. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.

The posterior approach is a commonly employed exposure of the elbow that provides excellent visualization and efficacy for various orthopedic procedures, including total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) and fracture care. The posterior approach to the elbow has been associated with an increased rate of wound complications, including infection, skin necrosis, and wound dehiscence. Despite an association between these complications and decreased elbow perfusion, data regarding the intrinsic anatomic etiology for preferential complications in this area has been scarcely reported in the literature. This study characterizes the subdermal and cutaneous vascular perfusion about the elbow by describing the predominant direction of circulation, subdermal anastomoses, and volume of perfusion through cadaveric modeling using computed tomography angiography (CTA). Fifteen upper extremity cadaver specimens were prepared with injection of radiographic contrast directly into the axillary artery immediately preceding CTA imaging of each specimen. Sectra IDS7 software for Windows was used for analysis of all images to produce superimposed axial and 3-D reconstructions of each CTA series. From these images it was discerned that the predominant direction of flow in the posterior elbow integument is anterior medial to posterior lateral. Both the posterior medial and posterior lateral subdermal vascular networks emanate from proximally derived medial arterial sources with few anastomoses and minimal collateral perfusion from the anterolateral location. Consequently, it is important to preserve medial subdermal vascular structures to prevent ischemic wound complications. This is especially true in previously incised elbow integuments. Clin. Anat. 32:509-514, 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23341DOI Listing
May 2019

A Novel Muscle Transfer for Independent Digital Control of a Myoelectric Prosthesis: The Starfish Procedure.

J Hand Surg Am 2019 Feb 19;44(2):163.e1-163.e5. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

OrthoCarolina Reconstructive Center for Lost Limbs, Atrium Healthcare, Charlotte, NC; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Atrium Healthcare, Charlotte, NC.

Control of independent digital flexion and extension has remained an elusive goal in myoelectric prosthetics for upper extremity amputees. We first performed a cadaver study to determine the feasibility of transferring the interossei muscles for each digit to the dorsum of the hand without damaging the neurovascular pedicles. Once this capability was ensured, a clinical case was performed transferring the interossei of the middle and ring fingers to the dorsum of the hand where they could serve as a myoelectric signal for a partial hand amputee to allow individual digital control with a myoelectric prosthesis. Before surgery, it was impossible to detect an independent signal for each interossei; however, after the surgery, signals were reliably detected, which allowed these muscles to serve as myosites for finger flexion using a myoelectric prosthesis and move each digit independently. This concept of salvaging innervated and perfused muscles from an amputated part and transferring them into the more proximal and superficial portion of a salvaged limb has broad applications for improved myoelectric prosthetic control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.04.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Acute Scaphoid Fractures: A Critical Analysis Review.

JBJS Rev 2016 09;4(9)

OrthoCarolina Hand Center, Charlotte, North Carolina.

Nondisplaced scaphoid fractures can be effectively treated nonoperatively, with union rates approaching or, in some series, exceeding the rates attained with operative intervention. The evidence supports equal outcomes when using a short arm or long arm cast for the closed treatment of nondisplaced scaphoid fractures. Also, equivalent outcomes have been demonstrated with or without a thumb spica component to the cast. Operative intervention is the recommended treatment for displaced scaphoid fractures. Advanced imaging should be obtained if clinical suspicion is present for a scaphoid fracture with negative radiographs more than 2 weeks after the injury. In some settings, it may even be more cost-effective to obtain advanced imaging sooner.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.RVW.15.00073DOI Listing
September 2016

Circulating interleukin-8 levels explain breast cancer osteolysis in mice and humans.

Bone 2014 Apr 28;61:176-85. Epub 2014 Jan 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Orthopaedic Research, Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA; Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA. Electronic address:

Skeletal metastases of breast cancer and subsequent osteolysis connote a dramatic change in the prognosis for the patient and significantly increase the morbidity associated with disease. The cytokine interleukin 8 (IL-8/CXCL8) is able to directly stimulate osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in mouse models of breast cancer bone metastasis. In this study, we determined whether circulating levels of IL-8 were associated with increased bone resorption and breast cancer bone metastasis in patients and investigated IL-8 action in vitro and in vivo in mice. Using breast cancer patient plasma (36 patients), we identified significantly elevated IL-8 levels in bone metastasis patients compared with patients lacking bone metastasis (p<0.05), as well as a correlation between plasma IL-8 and increased bone resorption (p<0.05), as measured by NTx levels. In a total of 22 ER+ and 15 ER- primary invasive ductal carcinomas, all cases examined stained positive for IL-8 expression. In vitro, human MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MET breast cancer cell lines secrete two distinct IL-8 isoforms, both of which were found to stimulate osteoclastogenesis. However, the more osteolytic MDA-MET-derived full length IL-8(1-77) had significantly higher potency than the non-osteolytic MDA-MB-231-derived IL-8(6-77), via the CXCR1 receptor. MDA-MET breast cancer cells were injected into the tibia of nude mice and 7days later treated daily with a neutralizing IL-8 monoclonal antibody. All tumor-injected mice receiving no antibody developed large osteolytic bone tumors, whereas 83% of the IL-8 antibody-treated mice had no evidence of tumor at the end of 28days and had significantly increased survival. The pro-osteoclastogenic activity of IL-8 in vivo was confirmed when transgenic mice expressing human IL-8 were examined and found to have a profound osteopenic phenotype, with elevated bone resorption and inherently low bone mass. Collectively, these data suggest that IL-8 plays an important role in breast cancer osteolysis and that anti-IL-8 therapy may be useful in the treatment of the skeletal related events associated with breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2014.01.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3967592PMC
April 2014

Low bone turnover and low BMD in Down syndrome: effect of intermittent PTH treatment.

PLoS One 2012 14;7(8):e42967. Epub 2012 Aug 14.

Department of Physiology & Biophysics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Trisomy 21 affects virtually every organ system and results in the complex clinical presentation of Down syndrome (DS). Patterns of differences are now being recognized as patients' age and these patterns bring about new opportunities for disease prevention and treatment. Low bone mineral density (BMD) has been reported in many studies of males and females with DS yet the specific effects of trisomy 21 on the skeleton remain poorly defined. Therefore we determined the bone phenotype and measured bone turnover markers in the murine DS model Ts65Dn. Male Ts65Dn DS mice are infertile and display a profound low bone mass phenotype that deteriorates with age. The low bone mass was correlated with significantly decreased osteoblast and osteoclast development, decreased bone biochemical markers, a diminished bone formation rate and reduced mechanical strength. The low bone mass observed in 3 month old Ts65Dn mice was significantly increased after 4 weeks of intermittent PTH treatment. These studies provide novel insight into the cause of the profound bone fragility in DS and identify PTH as a potential anabolic agent in the adult low bone mass DS population.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0042967PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3419249PMC
May 2013

Pharmacologic inhibition of the TGF-beta type I receptor kinase has anabolic and anti-catabolic effects on bone.

PLoS One 2009 16;4(4):e5275. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

During development, growth factors and hormones cooperate to establish the unique sizes, shapes and material properties of individual bones. Among these, TGF-beta has been shown to developmentally regulate bone mass and bone matrix properties. However, the mechanisms that control postnatal skeletal integrity in a dynamic biological and mechanical environment are distinct from those that regulate bone development. In addition, despite advances in understanding the roles of TGF-beta signaling in osteoblasts and osteoclasts, the net effects of altered postnatal TGF-beta signaling on bone remain unclear. To examine the role of TGF-beta in the maintenance of the postnatal skeleton, we evaluated the effects of pharmacological inhibition of the TGF-beta type I receptor (TbetaRI) kinase on bone mass, architecture and material properties. Inhibition of TbetaRI function increased bone mass and multiple aspects of bone quality, including trabecular bone architecture and macro-mechanical behavior of vertebral bone. TbetaRI inhibitors achieved these effects by increasing osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, while reducing osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. Furthermore, they induced the expression of Runx2 and EphB4, which promote osteoblast differentiation, and ephrinB2, which antagonizes osteoclast differentiation. Through these anabolic and anti-catabolic effects, TbetaRI inhibitors coordinate changes in multiple bone parameters, including bone mass, architecture, matrix mineral concentration and material properties, that collectively increase bone fracture resistance. Therefore, TbetaRI inhibitors may be effective in treating conditions of skeletal fragility.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0005275PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2666804PMC
May 2009
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