Publications by authors named "John K Feller"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Chest pressure and dyspnoea in a 47-year-old man.

Heart 2020 Feb;106(4):260-298

Cardiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-316086DOI Listing
February 2020

BRAF and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in primary cutaneous melanoma: a role for Snail and E-cadherin?

Hum Pathol 2016 06 1;52:19-27. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Dermatopathology Section, VA Consolidated Laboratories, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (113), West Roxbury, MA 02132. Electronic address:

In vitro studies in melanoma indicate that up-regulation of the transcriptional repressor Snail occurs with a concomitant decrease of its target E-cadherin, both hallmarks of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-an association not established in vivo. We sought to elucidate the relationship between BRAF, Snail, E-cadherin, and established histopathologic prognosticators in primary cutaneous melanoma. Archived annotated samples with a diagnosis of primary cutaneous melanoma were retrieved (n = 68 cases; 34 BRAF mutant and 34 BRAF wild type) and immunohistochemically stained for Snail and E-cadherin protein expression. A semiquantitative scoring system was used. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to control confounders of BRAF. Snail expression was significantly associated only with ulceration (42% versus 13%; P = .02). E-cadherin expression was present in 26% of BRAF mutant and 71% of BRAF wild-type cases (P = .0003). Loss of E-cadherin expression was associated with female sex (60% versus 34%; P = .05), BRAF mutation (74% versus 29%; P = .0003), thickness greater than or equal to 1 mm (68% versus 32%; P = .004), mitosis (63% versus 25%; P = .007), and ulceration (75% versus 44%; P = .05). BRAF mutation was associated with male sex (60% versus 30%; P = .02), Breslow thickness (P = .007), thickness greater than or equal to 1 mm (68% versus 29%; P = .002), and ulceration (75% versus 42%; P = .02). Snail expression did not correlate with loss of E-cadherin expression (47% versus 53%; P = .79). After controlling for potential confounding, BRAF mutation was associated with loss of E-cadherin (adjusted odds ratio, 8.332; 95% confidence interval, 2.257-30.757; P = .0015) and Breslow thickness greater than 1 mm (adjusted odds ratio, 7.360; 95% confidence interval, 1.534-35.318; P = .0126). Our findings, indicating that mutant BRAF represses E-cadherin expression, implicating a catalytic role for BRAF in epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2015.12.030DOI Listing
June 2016

Correlation of chemokine receptor CXCR4 mRNA in primary cutaneous melanoma with established histopathologic prognosticators and the BRAF status.

Melanoma Res 2014 Dec;24(6):621-5

aDivision of Graduate Medical Sciences bSchool of Public Health cBoston University School of Medicine dDepartment of Pathology eDepartment of Dermatology, Dermatopathology Section, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Dysregulation of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 is relevant in melanoma progression, and the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis has been shown to activate cell cycle progression and malignant cell migration through stimulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Studies ascertaining the potential utility of CXCR4 mRNA as a prognosticator in melanoma have focused mainly on metastatic melanoma with conflicting results. In the light of this, we sought to explore the potential relationship between CXCR4 mRNA expression with established histopathologic prognosticators and BRAF status in melanoma. Archived consecutive samples (n=107) of primary cutaneous melanoma were retrieved and assessed for the following: CXCR4 mRNA (semiquantitative RT-PCR) and BRAF exon 15 status (DNA Sanger sequencing). Statistical analyses included correlation between CXCR4 mRNA levels and established histopathologic prognosticators as well as the BRAF status using univariate and multiple linear methods. Multivariable analyses revealed a significant correlation between elevated CXCR4 mRNA (low ΔCt value) and the presence of BRAF mutation (P=0.02). Absence of a brisk host response was associated with elevated CXCR4 mRNA expression (P=0.04). CXCR4 mRNA was significantly lower in AJCC stage 2 compared with stage 1 after controlling for significant clinical prognosticators (P=0.02). The association between elevated CXCR4 mRNA and absence of a brisk host response suggests that CXCR4 may be involved in regulation of the host immune response in melanoma and is a molecule of potential utility as a biomarker for recruiting melanoma patients for immunotherapy. Higher CXCR4 mRNA in patients with a BRAF mutation suggests its utility as a putative therapeutic target.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CMR.0000000000000120DOI Listing
December 2014

c-myc and cutaneous vascular neoplasms.

Am J Dermatopathol 2013 May;35(3):364-9

Dermatopathology Section, Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.

The c-myc proto-oncogene is involved in various cellular processes including cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. Overexpression and deregulated expression of the gene have been previously linked to several lineage-unrelated, aggressive, and poorly differentiated tumors. The expression of c-myc has also been implicated in hematopoiesis and has been shown to play a crucial role in angiogenesis via a vascular endothelial growth factor-dependent mechanism. This gives c-myc a dual oncogenic function in that tumor growth requires both cell proliferation and angiogenesis to ensure survival and confer an effective malignancy. Amplification of c-myc has been recently reported to be a recurrent genetic alteration in angiosarcomas secondary to irradiation and/or chronic lymphedema. Of note, however, no c-myc gene abnormalities have been demonstrated in cases of primary angiosarcomas or postradiation atypical vascular lesions. More recently, our own experience indicates that c-myc amplification is not normally found in the Kaposi sarcoma and cannot be correlated with expression of the c-Myc protein. This comprehensive review outlines the structure, normal functions, and effects of the deregulated expression of c-myc with particular emphasis on its role in angiogenesis and select cutaneous vascular neoplasms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0b013e31827aad83DOI Listing
May 2013

Immunohistochemistry with a mutation-specific monoclonal antibody as a screening tool for the BRAFV600E mutational status in primary cutaneous malignant melanoma.

Mod Pathol 2013 Mar 5;26(3):414-20. Epub 2012 Oct 5.

Dermatopathology Section, Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.

The V600E mutation of BRAF has emerged as both an effective biomarker and therapeutic target for select benign and malignant cutaneous and non-cutaneous human tumors and is typically determined using DNA-based techniques that include allele-specific PCR and direct DNA sequencing. Recently however, the development of new antibodies directed against the V600E protein has opened the door for an easier and more efficient strategy for identifying this mutation. Our present aim was to determine the efficacy of one such antibody, anti-B-Raf (V600E), a mouse monoclonal antibody in which the immunogen is a synthetic peptide derived from the internal region of BRAFV600E. A total of 35 cases of primary cutaneous melanoma were evaluated using a combination of DNA-based techniques that included allele-specific PCR and/or direct DNA sequencing and immunohistochemistry. Cases of papillary thyroid carcinomas (n=5) and colorectal carcinomas (n=5), known to harbor the BRAFV600E mutation, served as positive controls for the study. DNA analyses revealed that 6 of 35 (17%) cases of the primary cutaneous malignant melanoma possessed the BRAFV600E mutation. For immunohistochemical analyses, cytoplasmic positivity with anti-B-Raf was noted in 7 of 35 (20%) cases of primary melanoma and in all 10 positive controls. Statistical analyses of the data demonstrated that the sensitivity of the immunohistochemistry was 100% and specificity was 97%. Findings from the current study support the potential use of immunohistochemistry as an ancillary screening tool to assess the BRAFV600E mutation status in primary cutaneous melanoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2012.168DOI Listing
March 2013
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