Publications by authors named "John Campbell Woodfield"

1 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of Incisional Surgical Site Infections on Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction after General Surgery: A Case Controlled Study.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Otago Medical School-Dunedin Campus Dunedin, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Most incisional surgical site infections (ISSI) are now diagnosed after discharge from hospital. In this context, it is important to document the impact ISSI has on our patients. Our surgical department sent a validated questionnaire to patients after they had been discharged. This documented incision problems, the 36-Item Short Form Health (SF-36) qualify of life questionnaire, and a patient satisfaction survey (PSS). We retrospectively reviewed records for 115 patients with an ISSI and 115 matched controls with no documented complications. Patient demographics and outcomes were collected. Differences in physical component summary (PCS) score and mental component summary (MCS) score and the PSS score were compared. A majority (87%) of ISSIs were diagnosed after discharge from hospital. There were no differences in demographics, the American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade, or length of stay (LOS) between groups. Two months after surgery, ISSI was associated with lower post-operative SF-36 scores. The PCS was 42.9 (95% confidence interval [CI], 41.3-44.8) for ISSI cases and 47.0 (95% CI, 45.1-48.7) for controls (p ≤ 0.001). The MCS was 45.8 (95% CI, 43.7-47.9) and 50.2 (95% CI, 48.0-52.3), respectively (p = 0.01). Patients had less vitality, increased pain, and a reduction in physical activities and roles. The PSS score was 82.5 (95% CI, 79.6-85.4) in the control group and 74.1 (95% CI, 71.1-77.0) in the ISSI group (p < 0.001). Patients with ISSI reported worse satisfaction ratings with the quality of information received (p = 0.005) and their satisfaction with surgery (p < 0.001). Incisional surgical site infection was correlated with lower quality of life and PSS scores for up to two months after surgery. Prospective studies with pre-operative and post-operative quality of life are required to confirm causality.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2021