Publications by authors named "John Agens"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Fourth-Year Medical Student Charting of Older Persons' Cognitive and Functional Status.

Fam Med 2016 Jan;48(1):61-3

Department of Geriatrics, Florida State University.

Background And Objectives: Functional and cognitive impairment correlates with medical outcomes in older persons, yet documentation in the medical record is often inadequate. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate fourth year (M4) medical students' charting performance of cognition and functional status in older persons during non-geriatric clerkships using an audit tool.

Methods: The research assistants used a chart abstracting tool to retrospectively review patients' charts. The abstracting tool contained keywords and phrases to prompt the research assistants to look for any documentation of patient status in four domains: (1) delirium or acute confusional state, (2) chronic cognitive impairment, (3) activities of daily living, and (4) instrumental activities of daily living. The threshold was any mention of keywords in these domains.

Results: On non-geriatrics M4 clerkships in the hospital, students documented acute cognitive status (ACS) and presence or absence of chronic cognitive impairment (CCI) in 57% and 68% of cases respectively, with physicians and/or nurses doing it more often at 63% and 84%. Both students and other care providers documented ACS and CCI in the same charts 41% and 59% of the time, respectively. Students documented activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) 31% and 3% respectively, physicians and/or nurses 59% and 0%.

Conclusions: Documentation of cognitive status in hospital charts for students and physicians was somewhat higher than in the literature. This may be because geriatrics is integrated into our 4-year curriculum. Documentation by both students and physicians was better for ADLs than IADLs and poor for IADLs overall.
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January 2016

Post-Discharge Adverse Events Among Urban and Rural Patients of an Urban Community Hospital: A Prospective Cohort Study.

J Gen Intern Med 2015 Aug 31;30(8):1164-71. Epub 2015 Mar 31.

Department of Family Medicine & Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, 48201, USA,

Background: There has been little research to examine post-discharge adverse events (AEs) in rural patients discharged from community hospitals.

Objective: We aimed to determine the rate of post-discharge AEs, classify the types of post-discharge AEs, and identify risk factors for post-discharge AEs in urban and rural patients.

Design: This was a prospective cohort study of patients at risk for post-discharge adverse events from December 2011 through October 2012.

Patients: Six hundred and eighty-four patients who were under the care of hospitalist physicians and were being discharged home, spoke English, and could be contacted after discharge, were admitted to the medical service. Patients were stratified as urban/rural using zip code of residence. Rural patients were oversampled to ensure equal enrollment of urban and rural patients.

Main Measures: The main outcome of the study was post-discharge AEs based on structured telephone interviews, health record review, and adjudication by two blinded, trained physicians using a previously established methodology.

Results: Over 28% of 684 patients experienced post-discharge AEs, most of which were either preventable or ameliorable. There was no difference in the incidence of post-discharge AEs in urban versus rural patients (ARR 1.04 95% CI 0.82-1.32 ), but post-discharge AEs were associated with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and number of secondary discharge diagnoses only in urban patients.

Conclusions: Post-discharge AEs were common in both urban and rural patients and many were preventable or ameliorable. Potentially different risk factors for AEs in urban versus rural patients suggests the need for further research into the underlying causes. Different interventions may be required in urban versus rural patients to improve patient safety during transitions in care.
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August 2015