Publications by authors named "Johanna M Pfeil"

4 Publications

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[Epidemiology and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity. The Hannover data in the ROP registry from 2001-2017].

Ophthalmologe 2021 Nov 22. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

Universitätsklinik für Augenheilkunde, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland.

Background: The ROP registry documents data of preterm infants developing stages of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that need ROP treatment. The aim of this analysis was to investigate data regarding epidemiology, therapy and changes over time (15 years) in a single participating center (Hannover Medical School, MHH).

Methods: Analysis of data of infants treated for ROP at a single center over time (birth 2001-2016, ROP treatment in 2002-2017).

Results: Overall, 65 infants were treated (23 female). In 11 infants (16.9%) ROP screening was conducted externally and infants were transferred to the MHH for ROP treatment. Between 2006 and 2016, incidence of ROP requiring treatment among infants screened for the development of ROP was 4.1%. Mean gestational age was 25.7 weeks (standard deviation, SD 1.8), mean birth weight 763 g (SD 235), postmenstrual age at treatment 38.2 weeks (SD 3.2), postnatal age 12.4 weeks (SD 3.2). There was no significant change in parameters over time. ROP zone II, stage 3+ was most frequently treated (57 eyes of 31 infants). 58 infants were treated with laser (114 eyes), 7 infants were treated with anti-VEGF (bevacizumab, bilateral, 14 eyes) from 2014 onwards. Retreatment due to recurrence of ROP was necessary in one infant after initial laser coagulation. Infants with ROP requiring treatment often presented with neonatal comorbidities, ventilation in more than 90%, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and received transfusions.

Conclusion: This is the first monocentric analysis over 15 years originating from the ROP registry. In this cohort we see a change in ROP therapy from laser coagulation to anti-VEGF (bevacizumab) from 2014 onwards, demographic data and treatment parameters remained relatively stable over time.
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November 2021

Ranibizumab in retinopathy of prematurity - one-year follow-up of ophthalmic outcomes and two-year follow-up of neurodevelopmental outcomes from the CARE-ROP study.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Purpose: The primary endpoint results from the comparing alternative ranibizumab dosages for safety and efficacy in retinopathy of prematurity (CARE-ROP) core study identified ranibizumab as an effective treatment to control acute retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study reports the 1- and 2-year follow-up data focusing on long-term functional outcomes and safety.

Methods: The CARE-ROP trial compared 0.12 mg versus 0.20 mg ranibizumab in 20 infants with ROP in a multicentric, prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study design. Sixteen patients entered the follow-up period. An ophthalmologic assessment at one year postbaseline was acquired from all 16 patients and a neurodevelopmental assessment at two years postbaseline was acquired from 15 patients.

Results: Fifteen of 16 infants were able to fixate and follow moving objects at one year postbaseline treatment. One child progressed to stage 5 ROP bilaterally between the end of the core study and the 1-year follow-up (first seen at PMA 75 weeks). Mean spherical equivalents were -1.9 diopters (D) and -0.75 D in the 0.12 mg and the 0.20 mg treatment arms. Strabismus was present in seven and nystagmus in five out of 16 infants. Mental development scores were within normal limits in six out of ten patients with available data. No statistically significant difference was observed between the two treatment arms.

Conclusion: Neurodevelopmental and functional ocular outcomes 1 and 2 years after treatment with ranibizumab are reassuring regarding long-term safety. Late reactivation of ROP, however, represents a challenge during the follow-up phase and it is of utmost importance that regular follow-ups are maintained.
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March 2021

European Standards of Care for Newborn Health-A project protocol.

Acta Paediatr 2021 05 22;110(5):1433-1438. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants (EFCNI), Munich, Germany.

Aim: Among children who receive hospital care, preterm infants are Europe's largest group, whose numbers are continually increasing. Currently, no pan-European standards of care for preterm or critically ill infants are available, except for a few specific topics, and practices vary widely in different regions.

Methods: The European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants (EFCNI) has initiated a transdisciplinary collaboration project to provide agreed standards for high-quality perinatal and neonatal care, whose implementation will ensure fairer and more equitable care across Europe. This will improve care for these vulnerable infants and their families, ameliorate the long-term conditions found in preterm and critically ill infants and enhance the quality of family life of affected families. More than 220 experts-healthcare professionals, patient representatives and other relevant stakeholders-have come together for the first time to develop a broad reference guidance in neonatology and associated fields.

Results: Ninety-six standards on 11 overarching topic areas were developed and endorsed.

Conclusion: This reference framework serves as a basis for the development of binding national standards for high-quality care. A robust translation and implementation strategy is facilitated, with the goal of improved health outcomes following preterm birth all around Europe.
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May 2021