Publications by authors named "Johan Albert Wallin"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

What is spiritual care? Professional perspectives on the concept of spiritual care identified through group concept mapping.

BMJ Open 2020 12 28;10(12):e042142. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

The Research Initiative for Activity studies and Occupational Therapy, Research Unit of User Perspectives, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Objectives: The overall study aim was to synthesise understandings and experiences regarding the concept of spiritual care (SC). More specifically, to identify, organise and prioritise experiences with the way SC is conceived and practised by professionals in research and the clinic.

Design: Group concept mapping (GCM).

Setting: The study was conducted within a university setting in Denmark.

Participants: Researchers, students and clinicians working with SC on a daily basis in the clinic and/or through research participated in brainstorming (n=15), sorting (n=15), rating and validation (n=13).

Results: Applying GCM, ideas were identified, organised and prioritised online. A total of 192 unique ideas of SC were identified and organised into six clusters. The results were discussed and interpreted at a validation meeting. Based on input from the validation meeting a conceptual model was developed. The model highlights three overall themes: (1) 'SC as an integral but overlooked aspect of healthcare' containing the two clusters SC as a part of healthcare and perceived significance; (2) 'delivering SC' containing the three clusters quality in attitude and action, relationship and help and support, and finally (3) 'the role of spirituality' containing a single cluster.

Conclusion: Because spirituality is predominantly seen as a fundamental aspect of each individual human being, particularly important during suffering, SC should be an integral aspect of healthcare, although it is challenging to handle. SC involves paying attention to patients' values and beliefs, requires adequate skills and is realised in a relationship between healthcare professional and patient founded on trust and confidence.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2020

Using Embase as a supplement to PubMed in Cochrane reviews differed across fields.

J Clin Epidemiol 2021 05 8;133:24-31. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Faculty of Health Science, Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Research Unit of General Practice, J.B. Winsløwsvej 9, 5000 Odense C, Denmark.

Objective: Medline/PubMed is often first choice for health science researchers when doing literature searches. However, Medline/PubMed does not cover the health science research literature equally well across specialties. Embase is often considered an important supplement to Medline/PubMed in health sciences. The present study analyzes the coverage of Embase as a supplement to PubMed, and the aim of the study is to investigate if searching Embase can compensate for low PubMed retrieval.

Study Design And Setting: The population in this study is all the included studies in all Cochrane reviews from 2012 to 2016 across the 53 Cochrane groups. The analyses were performed using two units of analysis (study and publication). We are examining the coverage in Embase of publications and studies not covered by PubMed (25,119 publications and 9,420 studies).

Results: The results showed that using Embase as a supplement to PubMed resulted in a coverage of 66,994 publications out of 86,167 and a coverage rate of 77.7, 95% CI [75.05, 80.45] of all the included publications. Embase combined with PubMed covered 48,326 out of 54,901 studies and thus had a coverage rate of 88.0%, 95% CI [86.2, 89.9] of studies. The results also showed that supplementing PubMed with Embase increased coverage of included publications by 6.8 percentage points, and the coverage of studies increased by 5.5 percentage points. Substantial differences were found across and within review groups over time.

Conclusion: The included publications and studies in some groups are covered considerably better by supplementing with Embase, whereas in other groups, the difference in coverage is negligible. However, due to the variation over time, one should be careful predicting the benefit from supplementing PubMed with Embase to retrieve relevant publications to include in a review.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2021