Publications

A Combined Syndromic Approach to Examine Viral, Bacterial, and Parasitic Agents among Febrile Patients: A Pilot Study in Kilombero, Tanzania.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Feb 21;98(2):625-632. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
Global Disease Detection Branch, Division of Global Health Protection, Center for Global Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Nairobi, Kenya.


Global, regional, and national disease burden estimates of acute lower respiratory infections due to respiratory syncytial virus in young children in 2015: a systematic review and modelling study.
Lancet 2017 Sep 7;390(10098):946-958. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
Centre for Global Health Research, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:










Development of a TaqMan Array Card for Acute-Febrile-Illness Outbreak Investigation and Surveillance of Emerging Pathogens, Including Ebola Virus.
J Clin Microbiol 2016 Jan 21;54(1):49-58. Epub 2015 Oct 21.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health, Division of Global Health Protection, Nairobi, Kenya Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health, Division of Global Health Protection, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Malaria Parasitemia Among Febrile Patients Seeking Clinical Care at an Outpatient Health Facility in an Urban Informal Settlement Area in Nairobi, Kenya.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 Jan 23;94(1):122-7. Epub 2015 Nov 23.
Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health, Kisumu and Nairobi Kenya, and Atlanta, Georgia; U.S. President's Malaria Initiative, Nairobi, Kenya.

Serologic Evidence of the Geographic Distribution of Bacterial Zoonotic Agents in Kenya, 2007.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 Jan 23;94(1):43-51. Epub 2015 Nov 23.
Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Africa Refugee Health Program, Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya; Diagnostics and Laboratory Systems Program, Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Division of Global HIV/AIDS, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Global Disease Detection Branch, Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.


Etiology and Incidence of Viral Acute Respiratory Infections Among Refugees Aged 5 Years and Older in Hagadera Camp, Dadaab, Kenya.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Dec 12;93(6):1371-6. Epub 2015 Oct 12.
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; United Nations High Commissioner of Refugees, Nairobi, Kenya; International Rescue Committee, Nairobi, Kenya; United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Human Coronavirus-Associated Influenza-Like Illness in the Community Setting in Peru.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Nov 31;93(5):1038-40. Epub 2015 Aug 31.
United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6, Lima, Peru; Kliniken der Stadt Köln gGmbH, Klinikum der Privaten Universität Witten/Herdecke, Institut für Pathologie, Cologne, Germany; Clinica San Pablo, Lima, Peru; Influenza Division, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Department of Tropical Medicine, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana.



Economic Burden of Dengue Virus Infection at the Household Level Among Residents of Puerto Maldonado, Peru.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Oct 27;93(4):684-90. Epub 2015 Jul 27.
Department of Virology and Emerging Infections, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6, Callao, Peru; Department of International Health,Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Military Tropical Medicine Course, Navy Medicine Professional Development Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Parasitology, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6, Callao, Peru; School of Public Health and Management, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Department of Tropical Medicine, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana; Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Wide distribution and ancient evolutionary history of simian foamy viruses in New World primates.
Retrovirology 2015 Oct 29;12:89. Epub 2015 Oct 29.
Laboratory Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd., MS G-45, Atlanta, GA, 30329, USA.


Needs, acceptability, and value of humanitarian medical assistance in remote Peruvian Amazon riverine communities.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Jun 6;92(6):1090-9. Epub 2015 Apr 6.
U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 (NAMRU-6), Lima, Peru; David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California; Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, School of Public Health and Management, Lima, Peru; Alto Amazonas Health Network, Peruvian Ministry of Health, Yurimaguas, Peru; Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Naval Medical Center, San Diego, California



An outbreak of acute febrile illness caused by Sandfly Fever Sicilian Virus in the Afar region of Ethiopia, 2011.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014 Dec 29;91(6):1250-3. Epub 2014 Sep 29.
Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Global Disease Detection Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Departments of Molecular Microbiology and Pathology and Immunology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri; Division of Vector-Borne Disease, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado; Global Disease Detection Branch, Division of Global Health Protection, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Soil-transmitted helminths in pre-school-aged and school-aged children in an urban slum: a cross-sectional study of prevalence, distribution, and associated exposures.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014 Nov 25;91(5):1002-10. Epub 2014 Aug 25.
Parasitic Diseases Branch, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Data Management Activity, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; International Emerging Infections Platform, Kenya Medical Research Institute-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Nutrition Branch, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Global Disease Detection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Eastern and Southern Africa Centre for International Parasite Control, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.


Sustained high incidence of injuries from burns in a densely populated urban slum in Kenya: an emerging public health priority.
Burns 2014 Sep 22;40(6):1194-200. Epub 2014 Jan 22.
Global Disease Detection Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Nairobi, Kenya and the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)-CDC Research Collaboration. Electronic address:



Soil-transmitted helminth infection and nutritional status among urban slum children in Kenya.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014 Feb 16;90(2):299-305. Epub 2013 Dec 16.
Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity and Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; Eastern and Southern Africa Centre for International Parasite Control, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; Global Disease Detection and Emergency Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya.

Use of population-based surveillance to determine the incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis in an urban slum and a rural setting in Kenya.
Pediatr Infect Dis J 2014 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S54-61
From *Kenya Medical Research Institute-Global Disease Detection Division/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI-CDC), Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya; and †National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.


Isolation and molecular characterization of Fikirini rhabdovirus, a novel virus from a Kenyan bat.
J Gen Virol 2013 Nov 12;94(Pt 11):2393-8. Epub 2013 Aug 12.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector-borne Diseases, Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Fort Collins, CO, USA.




Capacity-building efforts by the AFHSC-GEIS program.
BMC Public Health 2011 Mar 4;11 Suppl 2:S4. Epub 2011 Mar 4.
Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA.

Department of Defense influenza and other respiratory disease surveillance during the 2009 pandemic.
BMC Public Health 2011 Mar 4;11 Suppl 2:S6. Epub 2011 Mar 4.
Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA.




Cloning and characterization of the acidic ribosomal protein P2 of Cryptosporidium parvum, a new 17-kilodalton antigen.
Clin Vaccine Immunol 2010 Jun 21;17(6):954-65. Epub 2010 Apr 21.
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mail Stop F-13, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.




Human aflatoxin exposure in Kenya, 2007: a cross-sectional study.
Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2013 14;30(7):1322-31. Epub 2013 Jun 14.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Chamblee, GA, USA.

Native rodent species are unlikely sources of infection for Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis along the Transoceanic Highway in Madre de Dios, Peru.
PLoS One 2014 25;9(7):e103358. Epub 2014 Jul 25.
Wildlife Health Center, One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.



The Unrecognized Burden of Influenza in Young Kenyan Children, 2008-2012.
PLoS One 2015 17;10(9):e0138272. Epub 2015 Sep 17.
Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America; United States Public Health Service, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Kenya Country Office, Nairobi, Kenya.



Population-Based Incidence Rates of Diarrheal Disease Associated with Norovirus, Sapovirus, and Astrovirus in Kenya.
PLoS One 2016 26;11(4):e0145943. Epub 2016 Apr 26.
Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Improving Capture of Vaccine History: Case Study from an Evaluation of 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Introduction in Kenya.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 06 2;94(6):1400-2. Epub 2016 May 2.
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of Bacterial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Kenya Medical Research Institute/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya; Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya; Emory Global Health Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.


A diagnostic and epidemiologic investigation of acute febrile illness (AFI) in Kilombero, Tanzania.
PLoS One 2017 29;12(12):e0189712. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
Disease Detection Branch, Division of Global Health Protection, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), CDC-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.

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