Publications by authors named "Joanne Anthony"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Substance P levels and neutral endopeptidase activity in acute burn wounds and hypertrophic scar.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2005 Apr;115(4):1095-102

Department of Surgery and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash, USA.

Background: Substance P, a cutaneous neuroinflammatory mediator released from peripheral nerves, plays a role in responses to injury. Neutral endopeptidase is a cell membrane-bound metallopeptidase enzyme that regulates substance P activity. The question of substance P involvement in hypertrophic scar development has been based on observations that hypertrophic scars have increased numbers of nerves. The authors hypothesized that hypertrophic scar has greater substance P levels and decreased neutral endopeptidase activity compared with uninjured skin and acute partial-thickness burns, which may contribute to an exuberant response to injury.

Methods: The authors obtained small skin samples of deep partial-thickness burns (n = 7; postburn days 7 to 78) and uninjured skin (n = 14) from patients (eight male patients and six female patients; 2 to 71 years old) undergoing burn wound excision. Hypertrophic scar samples were obtained from six patients (three male patients and three female patients; 8 to 47 years old) undergoing surgical excision 13 to 64 months after burn injury. Protein concentrations were determined using a bicinchoninic acid assay. Substance P concentration was determined by means of indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Neutral endopeptidase activity was measured using an enzymatic assay that quantifies a fluorescent degradation product, methoxy-2-naphthylamine (MNA). Substance P and neutral endopeptidase data were standardized to sample weight.

Results: Substance P levels were greater in hypertrophic scar (3506 pg/g) compared with uninjured skin (1698 pg/g; p < 0.03) and burned skin (958 pg/g; p < 0.01). Hypertrophic scar samples had decreased neutral endopeptidase enzyme activity (8.8 pM MNA/hour/microg) compared with normal skin (16.3 pM MNA/hour/microg; p < 0.05). Acute burn wounds (27.9 pM MNA/hour/microg) demonstrated increased neutral endopeptidase enzyme activity (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Increased substance P concentration in hypertrophic scar correlates with histologic findings of increased nerve numbers in hypertrophic scar samples. Decreased neutral endopeptidase enzyme activity in hypertrophic scar may contribute to increased available substance P that may result in an exuberant neuroinflammatory response.
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April 2005

Nerve growth factor accelerates wound healing in diabetic mice.

Wound Repair Regen 2004 Jan-Feb;12(1):44-52

Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Patients with diabetic neuropathy have reduced numbers of cutaneous nerves, which may contribute to an increased incidence of nonhealing wounds. Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been reported to augment wound closure. We hypothesized that topical 2.5S NGF, a biologically active subunit of the NGF polymer, would accelerate wound repair, augment nerve regeneration, and increase inflammation in excisional wounds in diabetic mice. A full-thickness 6-mm punch biopsy wound was created on the dorsum of C57BL/6J-m+ Leprdb mice (db/db) and heterozygous (db/-) littermates and treated daily with normal saline or 2.5S NGF (1 microg/day or 10 microg/day) on post-injury days 0-6. Time to closure, wound epithelialization, and degree of inflammation were compared using a Student's t-test. Color subtractive-computer-assisted image analysis was used to quantify immunolocalized nerves in wounds. Non-overlapping (20x) digital images of the wound were analyzed for nerve profile counts, area density (number of protein gene product 9.5 positive profiles per unit dermal area) and area fraction (protein gene product 9.5 positive area per unit dermal area). Healing times in db/db mice decreased from 30 days in normal saline-treated mice to 26 days in mice treated with 1 microg/day NGF (p<0.05) and 24 days in mice treated with 10 microg/day NGF (p<0.02). A similar trend in db/- mice was not significant. NGF treatment augmented epithelialization in the db/db mice (p<0.05). Histological evaluation of inflammation in healed wounds showed no statistical difference between treatment groups. Total nerve number, area density, and area fraction were increased in NGF-treated wounds at 14, 21, and 35 days (p<0.05). The 2.5 NGF subunit may improve wound closure kinetics by promoting epithelialization and nerve regeneration. Further studies to determine the role of nerves in wound repair are warranted.
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June 2004