Publications by authors named "Joanna V Dearlove"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Family history of cancer among children with brain tumors: a critical review.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2008 Jan;30(1):8-14

Stanford Cancer Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94305-5826, USA.

The occurrence of brain tumors in children has been anecdotally associated with an increased cancer incidence among relatives. This study rigorously reviewed the epidemiologic literature regarding family history of cancer in children with brain tumors. Six case-control and 10 cohort studies remained after applying stringent inclusion criteria. Most studies found no significant increase in cancer risk among relatives of childhood brain tumor patients. Those associations that were detected were often of borderline significance or demonstrated wide confidence intervals. There is limited evidence that a family history of cancer is more common among families of childhood brain tumor patients.
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January 2008

Boards of Health as venues for clean indoor air policy making.

Am J Public Health 2002 Feb;92(2):257-65

Institute for Health Policy Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.

Objectives: This study sought to determine the tobacco industry's strategies for opposing health board actions and to identify elements necessary for public health to prevail.

Methods: Newspaper articles, personal interviews, and tobacco industry documents released through litigation were reviewed.

Results: Twenty-five instances in which the tobacco industry opposed health board regulations were identified. It was shown that the tobacco industry uses 3 strategies against health boards: "accommodation" (tobacco industry public relations campaigns to accommodate smokers in public places), legislative intervention, and litigation. These strategies are often executed with the help of tobacco industry front groups or allies in the hospitality industry.

Conclusions: Although many tobacco control advocates believe that passing health board regulations is easier than the legislative route, this is generally not the case. The industry will often attempt to involve the legislature in fighting the regulations, forcing advocates to fight a battle on 2 fronts. It is important for health boards to verify their authority over smoking restrictions and refrain from considering non-health factors (including industry claims of adverse economic impacts) so as to withstand court challenges.
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February 2002