Publications by authors named "Joanna J Listopad"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy of CAR T-cell therapy in large tumors relies upon stromal targeting by IFNγ.

Cancer Res 2014 Dec 8;74(23):6796-805. Epub 2014 Oct 8.

Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Adoptive T-cell therapy using chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells (CAR-T therapy) has shown dramatic efficacy in patients with circulating lymphoma. However, eradication of solid tumors with CAR-T therapy has not been reported yet to be efficacious. In solid tumors, stroma destruction, due to MHC-restricted cross-presentation of tumor antigens to T cells, may be essential. However, CAR-Ts recognize antigens in an MHC-independent manner on cancer cells but not stroma cells. In this report, we show how CAR-Ts can be engineered to eradicate large established tumors with provision of a suitable CD28 costimulatory signal. In an HER2-dependent tumor model, tumor rejection by HER2-specific CAR-Ts was associated with sustained influx and proliferation of the adoptively transferred T cells. Interestingly, tumor rejection did not involve natural killer cells but was associated instead with a marked increase in the level of M1 macrophages and a requirement for IFNγ receptor expression on tumor stroma cells. Our results argue that CAR-T therapy is capable of eradicating solid tumors through a combination of antigen-independent stroma destruction and antigen-specific tumor cell targeting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-0079DOI Listing
December 2014

Fas expression by tumor stroma is required for cancer eradication.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013 Feb 22;110(6):2276-81. Epub 2013 Jan 22.

Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, 13125 Berlin, Germany.

The contribution of molecules such as perforin, IFN-γ (IFNγ), and particularly Fas ligand (FasL) by transferred CD8(+) effector T (T(E)) cells to rejection of large, established tumors is incompletely understood. Efficient attack against large tumors carrying a surrogate tumor antigen (mimicking a "passenger" mutation) by T(E) cells requires action of IFNγ on tumor stroma cells to avoid selection of antigen-loss variants. Because "cancer-driving" antigens (CDAs) are rarely counterselected, IFNγ may be expected to be dispensable in elimination of cancers by targeting a CDA. Here, initial regression of large, established tumors required neither IFNγ, FasL, nor perforin by transferred CD8(+) T(E) cells targeting Simian Virus (SV) 40 large T as CDA. However, cytotoxic T(E) cells lacking IFNγ or FasL could not prevent relapse despite retention of the rejection antigen by the cancer cells. Complete tumor rejection required IFNγ-regulated Fas by the tumor stroma. Therefore, T(E) cells lacking IFNγ or FasL cannot prevent progression of antigenic cancer because the tumor stroma escapes destruction if its Fas expression is down-regulated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1218295110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3568383PMC
February 2013

Dimethylfumarate induces immunosuppression via glutathione depletion and subsequent induction of heme oxygenase 1.

J Invest Dermatol 2007 Apr 18;127(4):835-45. Epub 2007 Jan 18.

CRBA Inflammation, Schering AG, Berlin, Germany.

A mixture of different fumaric acid esters (FAE) is established for systemic therapy of psoriasis, a frequent inflammatory skin disease. The main active compound of FAE, however, has not been identified so far, and the mechanisms of activity are only partially understood. We analyzed the impact of FAE on in vitro immune function and aimed to gain knowledge about the mode of action. Dimethylfumarate (DMF) and diethylfumarate (DEF), but not fumaric acid, methylhydrogenfumarate and ethylhydrogenfumarate, exhibited potent depression of inflammatory cytokine secretion (e.g., tumor necrosis factoralpha, IL-12, and IFNgamma) in activated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Moreover, solely DMF and DEF inhibited alloreactive T-cell proliferation in mixed leukocyte reaction. Interestingly, these immunosuppressive effects were accompanied by the strong induction of the anti-inflammatory stress protein heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). Supplementation with exogenous glutathione (GSH), which is known to bind DMF, prevented both HO-1 induction as well as the anti-inflammatory effects of DMF. Moreover, inhibition of HO-1 activity restored the diminished IL-12 and IFNgamma production after FAE treatment. These results suggest that DMF acts as active compound within the FAE mixture and at least partially mediates its immunomodulatory activity by the induction of the anti-inflammatory stress protein HO-1 ascribed to the functional depletion of reduced GSH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jid.5700686DOI Listing
April 2007