Publications by authors named "Joan Maria Estrada-Masllorens"

9 Publications

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Reliability and validity study of the Spanish adaptation of the "Creighton Simulation Evaluation Instrument (C-SEI)".

Nurse Educ Pract 2019 Feb 7;35:14-20. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Carretera del Canyet sn, 08916, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

There are multiple advantages to using human patient simulation (HPS) as a teaching method for clinical nursing education. Valid, reliable tools that can be used when applying this teaching method are needed to evaluate nursing student skill acquisition. The aim of this study was to translate the Creighton Simulation Evaluation Instrument (C-SEI) into Spanish and to analyse the reliability and validity of the Spanish C-SEI version with nursing students. The study was conducted in two phases: (1) Adaptation of the instrument into Spanish. (2) Cross-sectional study in a sample of 249 nursing students who were evaluated by two observers. The psychometric properties were analysed in terms of reliability (internal consistency and inter-observer consistency) and construct validity using an exploratory factor analysis. Questionnaire internal consistency was 0.839 for the tool as a whole. Inter-observer concordance for the tool as a whole was 0.936 and greater than 0.80 for the majority of the items. The exploratory factor analysis showed a four-factor structure that explains 49.5% of the total variance. The results of this study show that the C-SEI-sp tool is a valid and reliable tool that is easy to apply in the monitoring of student performance in clinical simulation scenarios.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of nursing interventions on adherence to treatment with antituberculosis drugs in children and young people: A nonrandomized controlled trial.

J Adv Nurs 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Traslational Research Network in Pediatric Infectious Diseases (RITIP), Madrid, Spain.

Aim: To evaluate the association of a new nursing intervention on the adherence to antituberculosis treatment in a paediatric cohort (<18 years).

Background: Tuberculosis remains a public health problem worldwide. The risk of developing tuberculosis after primary infection and its severity are higher in children. Proper adherence to antituberculosis treatment is critical for disease control.

Design: Nonrandomized controlled trial; Phase 1, retrospective (2011-2013), compared with Phase 2, prospective with intervention (2015-2016), in a referral centre for paediatric tuberculosis in Spain (NCT03230409).

Methods: A total of 359 patients who received antituberculosis drugs after close contact with a smear-positive patient (primary chemoprophylaxis) or were treated for latent tuberculosis infection or tuberculosis disease were included, 261 in Phase 1 and 98 in Phase 2. In Phase 2, a new nurse-led intervention was implemented in all patients and included two educational steps (written information in the child's native language and follow-up telephone calls) and two monitoring steps (Eidus-Hamilton test and follow-up questionnaire) that were exclusively carried out by nurses.

Results: Adherence to antituberculosis treatment increased from 74.7% in Phase 1% to 87.8% in Phase 2 (p = 0.014; Chi-square test), after the implementation of the nurse-led intervention. In Phase 2, nonadherence was only associated with being born abroad (28.6% vs. 7.8%; p = 0.019; Chi-square test) and with foreign origin families (27.3% vs. 0%; p < 0.0001; Chi-square test).

Conclusion: The nurse-led intervention was associated to an increase in adherence to antituberculosis treatment. Immigrant-related variables remained major risk factors for sub-optimal adherence in a low-endemic setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.13692DOI Listing
May 2018

The Oncology Nurse Prescribing: A Catalonian Survey.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2016 Jan-Mar;3(1):108-114

Department of Fundamental, Medical and Surgical Nursing Science, Faculty of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: This study identifies the capability, knowledge, and satisfaction of oncology nurses in Spain after approval of the nurse prescribing law in 2006.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 140 nurses in three cancer centers in Catalonia, Spain, by using convenience sampling method. The principal variables of this study were nurse satisfaction, knowledge about what products nurses are allowed to prescribe, the nurses' perception of their own prescribing ability, and their opinion on education and training needs with regard to the new approved law. The secondary variables included years of professional experience, place of work, and sociodemographic variables. Data were collected during a 3 months period by using a piloted 29-item self-assessment questionnaire.

Results: Analyses of univariate and bivariate data showed that 82.2% of the nurses were aware of the approved law, but 94.2% indicated that they lack information about it. The mean satisfaction with the approval of the law was 6.64 ± 1.76 (numerical scale 0-10). In addition, 68.1% and 55.1% of the nurses were prepared to prescribe medical devices and drugs, respectively. To date, 61.1% of the nurses prescribe medical devices and 66% prescribe pharmacological products daily.

Conclusions: Nurses expressed general satisfaction with the approval of the Law 29/2006. Nurses currently provide prescriptions, but widespread knowledge of the allowed prescriptions is lacking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2347-5625.177395DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5123529PMC
December 2016

[Integration of Health Information Patient].

Rev Enferm 2016 Nov-Dec;39(11-12):8-12

Information and communications technology (ICT) is implemented in health systems. However, the current economic situation raises questions regarding how the health system will evolve in a context of widespread use of ICT, but with sustainability problems. "Beside sustainability and consolidation, now a days, the challenge is the integration of information and in which care level and who among health professionals should lead this step forward in health care. All this represents a major change of mindset for users of health systems, and the need to integrate all health care, working more transversely, with the aim of achieve more health care continuity and provide better quality in health care of the citizen.
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October 2018

Analysis of University Postgraduate Nursing Education in Spain.

J Nurs Educ 2016 Nov;55(11):615-622

Background: The nursing education program framework in Spain has recently been adapted and modified. This study aimed to analyze university postgraduate master'slevel nursing education during the past 21 years in Spain in terms of educational supply and demand.

Method: A retrospective, longitudinal, descriptive, and observational design was used. The educational offerings at 15 university nursing schools in Spain were examined. The target population was 7,871 registered and licensed nurses who had completed postgraduate education.

Results: Among the 211 programs offered, public universities' educational offerings focused on two areas-public health and emergency care-whereas most courses in private universities were in surgery. Regarding demand, 1,235 nurses were enrolled. The most frequently requested educational areas were surgery, emergency and urgent care, and public health.

Conclusion: Although the postgraduate nursing education situation has changed, supply and demand for this type of education in Spain are well balanced at both public and private universities. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(11):615-622.].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20161011-03DOI Listing
November 2016

Influence of nursing interventions on adherence to treatment with antituberculosis drugs in children and young people: research protocol.

J Adv Nurs 2015 Sep 26;71(9):2189-99. Epub 2015 Mar 26.

Paediatric Tuberculosis Referral Unit, Infectious Diseases, Department of Paediatrics, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, University of Barcelona, Spain.

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of nursing interventions on adherence to antituberculosis medication in a paediatric cohort (aged 0-18 years) and to identify the risk factors for non-compliance.

Background: After primary infection, children have a higher risk of developing tuberculosis and the severity of the disease is worse in children. Adherence to treatment is essential to control both latent infection and tuberculosis disease.

Design: Phase 1: retrospective descriptive analysis (n = 270) in children and young people receiving antituberculosis treatment. Phase 2: quasi-experimental, longitudinal, prospective study (n = 100). The results of the two phases will be compared.

Methods: Phase 1: in children followed up during the period 2011-2013 (non-intervention group), the level of adherence and its associated epidemiological, sociocultural and clinical risk factors will be analysed. Phase 2: educational (written information in the child's mother tongue and follow-up telephone calls) and monitoring (Eidus-Hamilton test and follow-up questionnaire) nursing interventions will be implemented. The results of the two phases will be compared. The definitive Nurse-led Follow-up Programme will then be designed. This project was funded in October 2013.

Discussion: The risk factors for poor adherence to antituberculosis therapy need to be identified to optimize treatment success in latent tuberculosis infection and disease in children and young people. Simultaneous application of several educational and monitoring methods in nurse-led follow-up shall improve adherence in children and adolescents in our setting. These results may also be applicable in other settings, where tuberculosis is more prevalent and directly observed treatment strategies are not available.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.12656DOI Listing
September 2015

[The nurse in the surgical area: prevention of complications and implemention of intervention in patient care].

Rev Enferm 2011 Dec;34(12):32-9

Universitario Bellvitge.

The contribution made by the surgical nurse is essential to ensure the security of the patient who is subjected to surgery as well as accompany this specialized professional work to ensure that the patient is in the best physical and mental condition to deal with procedures of these characteristics. Nurse care in the surgical area is frequently described from a biomedical approach as it focuses on the type of surgery or the surgical technique, a perspective that might be inadequate and obsolete in identifying the areas of professional intervention and in clarifying the objectives of the nursing staff in the surgical area. In this paper nursing interventions such as emotional support, enhanced security and the prevention of infection are described as well as the identification of potential complications more prevalent in the different stages of surgical procedure, such as bleeding, hypoxia or hypothermia, among others, all these different points are developed, from a rationalistic nursing approach with emphasis on a humanistic vision of patient care. The specificity of the surgical area demands a prepared and competent professional nurse in the emotional support of the patient and his or her family, as well as the demons- tration of knowledge and skills in technical management and instruments associated with each type of surgery. It also requires competence in the diagnosis of potential com- plications and the development of activities designed to the prevention, early detection and treatment of potential health problems.
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December 2011

[Randomised clinical trial on pain control in intertrochanteric fractures of the femur with and without skin traction].

Enferm Clin 2011 Sep-Oct;21(5):264-70. Epub 2011 Sep 17.

Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería, Universidad de Barcelona, Departamento de Enfermería Fundamental y Medicoquirúrgica, España.

Aim: To evaluate the level of pain control among patients with intertrochanteric fracture of the femur with and without the application of skin traction.

Methods: A randomised, single centre, parallel, controlled and open, clinical trial performed in a hospital environment. The study subjects were patients with an intertrochanteric femur fracture seen in the Emergency Department. A non-probabilistic and consecutive sample of 40 patients (power 80% CI: 95%), was used. The patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to treatment with or without skin traction. The assignment was made by means of sealed envelopes. The principal variable of study was the evaluation of the pain at 48 hours after admission. Data was collected during February to October 2008 using an ad hoc questionnaire. Data was collected at baseline, 2 h, 24 h and 48 h after admission.

Results: At 48 hours after admission, the mean baseline pain improved by 4.4 points (SD: 1.8) (P<.001), the differential effect of the level of pain between both study groups was 0.7 points of the VAS scale (95% CI, -0.7 to 0.6), while the effect of traction showed no statistically significant differences (P=.721). One patient was withdrawn due skin reaction to the traction adhesive.

Conclusions: The treatment with skin traction in the patients with intertrochanteric fracture of femur does not produce changes in the progression of the pain in comparison with the patients without skin traction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2011.05.006DOI Listing
February 2012

[Knowledge of and satisfaction with the approval of the nurse prescription of nurses studying a masters degree and specialty in the University of Barcelona].

Enferm Clin 2011 Mar-Apr;21(2):84-90

Departamento de Oncología, Instituto Catalán de Oncología Badalona, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To identify the knowledge, satisfaction and capabilities of nurses regarding nurse prescribing after the approval of the Nurse Prescription Law.

Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out in the School of Nursing at the University of Barcelona (UB). The participants included 485 nurses taking a Masters or Specialist degree and teaching staff in these courses. The main variables were: satisfaction, information and knowledge about the recently approved Law, knowledge about the current skills on the prescribed products, nurse perception of their own prescribing ability, and opinion on information and training as regards the new law. The secondary variables included: years of professional experience, area and job position, postgraduate course and socio-demographic data. The study was conducted from March to April 2010 using a self-administered ad hoc questionnaire with 29 items on the topic and previously piloted on site.

Results: A total of 345 nurses participated, of whom 87.2% (301) taking a Masters degree. Of these, 72.3% (238) were aware and stated to have knowledge of the Law passed, although 95.9% (303) of them said they lacked information on it. The mean score on satisfaction with the approval of the Prescription Law was 6.24±2.08. Of all the nurses, 57.6% (189) of them said they were currently able to prescribe health products and 41.3% were capable of prescribing drugs (134).

Conclusions: Nurses showed a high level of satisfaction with the Nurse Prescription law. Currently, many nurses are independently prescribing pharmacological and health products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2011.01.002DOI Listing
September 2011
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