Publications by authors named "João Paulo Jacob Sabino"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Cigarette smoke exposure causes systemic and autonomic cardiocirculatory changes in rats depending on the daily exposure dose.

Life Sci 2021 Apr 20;277:119498. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Medical School, University of Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aims: To evaluate the systemic changes and autonomic cardiocirculatory control of awaken rats chronically exposed to the cigarette smoke (CS) of 1 or 2 cigarettes/day.

Main Methods: Rats were exposed to clean air (control) or cigarette smoke of 1 (CS1) or 2 (CS2) cigarettes/animal/day for 30 days. Then, arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded in conscious rats to assess spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity and HR and AP variabilities. Evoked baroreflex and cardiac autonomic tone were evaluated by vasoactive drugs and autonomic blockers, respectively. In another group, ventilatory and cardiovascular parameters were recorded under hypoxia and hypercapnia stimulus. At the end of protocols, heart, lung, kidneys and liver were collected for histological analysis.

Key Findings: Rats exposed to CS showed morphological changes, being more evident in the CS2 group. Also, less weight gain and cardiac hypertrophy were prominent in CS2 rats. Basal AP and HR, spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity and cardiovascular variabilities were similar among groups. CS exposure progressively blunted the bradycardia response to phenylephrine (-2.2 ± 0.1 vs. -1.7 ± 0.2 vs. -1.5 ± 0.2) while the tachycardia response to sodium nitroprusside was slightly increased compared to control. Vagal tone was not affected by CS, but CS2 rats exhibited higher sympathetic tone (-25 ± 4 vs. -28 ± 4 vs. -56 ± 9) and lower intrinsic HR (411 ± 4 vs. 420 ± 8 vs. 390 ± 6). Exposure to CS of 2 cigarettes also exacerbated the reflex cardiovascular and ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia.

Significance: CS exposure for 30 days promoted systemic changes and autonomic cardiocirculatory dysfunction in rats depending on the daily exposure dose.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2021.119498DOI Listing
April 2021

Exercise and pyridostigmine prevents gastric emptying delay and increase blood pressure and cisplatin-induced baroreflex sensitivity in rats.

Life Sci 2021 Feb 29;267:118972. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Graduate Program in Pharmacology, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil; Graduate Program in Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil; Laboratory of Exercise and Gastrointestinal Tract - Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

Cisplatin treatment induces an autonomic dysfunction and gastrointestinal and cardiovascular disorders. Physical exercise as well as pyridostigmine treatment induces improves in the autonomic nervous system. In the current study, we investigated the effect of physical exercise and pyridostigmine treatment on gastrointestinal and cardiovascular changes in cisplatin-treated rats. Rats were divided into groups: Saline (S), Cisplatin (Cis), Exercise (Ex), Cisplatin+Exercise (Cis+Ex), Pyridostigmine (Pyr), and Cisplatin+Pyridostigmine (Cis+Pyr). We induced gastrointestinal dysmotility by administering 3 mg kg of cisplatin once week for 5 weeks. The Ex was swimming (1 h per day/5 days per week for 5 weeks with 5% b.w.). GE was evaluated through the colorimetric method of fractional red phenol recovery 10 min after feeding. Pyr groups received 1.5 mg kg, p.o. or concomitant Cis treatment. Moreover, gastric contraction in vitro and hemodynamic parameters such as MAP, HR, and evoked baroreflex sensitivity were assessed, as well as sympathetic and parasympathetic tone and intrinsic heart rate (IHR). Cis decrease GE vs. saline (p<0.05). Cis+Ex or Cis+Pyr prevented (p<0.05) decrease in GE vs. Cis rats. Cis decreased (p<0.05) gastric responsiveness in vitro vs. saline. Cis+Ex or Cis+Pyr prevented this phenomenon. Cis treatment increase MAP and decrease in HR (p<0.05) vs saline. Cis+Ex or Cis+Pyr attenuated (p<0.05) both alterations. Cis increased sympathetic tone and decreased vagal tone and IHR (p<0.05) vs. the saline. Cis+Ex or Cis+Pyr prevented those effects vs. the Cis group. In conclusion, physical exercise and pyridostigmine treatment improves autonomic dysfunction and prevented GE delay and changes in hemodynamic parameters, baroreflex sensitivity, and cardiac autonomic control in cisplatin-treated rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118972DOI Listing
February 2021

Acetylcholinesterase inhibition prevents alterations in cardiovascular autonomic control and gastric motility in L-NAME-induced hypertensive rats.

Life Sci 2020 Sep 15;256:117915. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Biophysics and Physiology, Postgraduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Laboratory of Blood Pressure and Ventilation Control, Federal University of Piaui, Teresina, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aims: Autonomic dysfunction in arterial hypertension affects cardiorespiratory control and gastric motility and has been characterized by increased sympathetic and reduced parasympathetic activity. In the present work we investigated the effects of anticholinesterase drugs [donepezil (DON) or pyridostigmine (PYR)] on cardiovascular, autonomic, and gastric parameters in L-NAME-induced hypertensive rats.

Materials And Methods: Daily oral gavage of L-NAME (70 mg/kg/day) was performed over 14 days in male Wistar rats (180-220 g), whereas daily oral gavage of DON or PYR (1.6 and 22 mg/kg/day, respectively) started 2 days after the L-NAME treatment initiation and lasted 12 days. The development of hypertension was verified by tail plethysmography technique. After the end of treatments, the animals were subjected to experimental protocols (6-12 animals per group; total number of animals used: 78).

Key Findings: L-NAME hypertensive animals had no alterations in heart rate (HR) and intrinsic HR, but showed reduction in baroreflex sensitivity, parasympathetic tone, and gastric motility; and the sympathetic tone, chemoreflex sensitivity, and the LF (low frequency) band of systolic arterial pressure (SAP) variability were increased. DON or PYR attenuated the increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) induced by L-NAME. Both anticholinesterase drugs were effective in preventing the decrease in baroreflex sensitivity, parasympathetic tone and gastric motility, and also prevented the increases in peripheral chemoreflex response and cardiac sympathetic tone.

Significance: Acetylcholinesterase inhibition with DON or PYR is a promising pharmacological approach to increase parasympathetic function, thus preventing the hypertension-induced alterations in the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and autonomic systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117915DOI Listing
September 2020