Publications by authors named "Jitendra Ahuja"

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Efficacy of IVRS-based mHealth intervention in reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome: A cluster randomized trial.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Sep-Oct;15(5):102182. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Academic Research Development Unit, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, 302033, Jaipur, India.

Aims: Efficacy of mobile-phone based intervention for reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome (MetSyn).

Methods: We screened adults 20-60 years in 10 villages in India for MetSyn using stratified cluster sampling. Lifestyle and biochemical risk factors were assessed. International Harmonized Criteria were used for diagnosis. Villages were randomized with 5 each in control and intervention groups. Interactive voice response system (IVRS) in Hindi was developed. In intervention clusters two messages for promotion of healthy lifestyle and medical treatment were broadcast daily over 12-months and risk factors reassessed.

Results: 1012/1200(84%) persons were screened and MetSyn diagnosed in 286(28.3%). Villages were divided into 5 control(n = 136) and 5 intervention(n = 147) clusters. Baseline characteristics in both clusters were similar. Acceptability of intervention was >60% in 80% participants. At 12 months, significantly greater participants in intervention vs control clusters had healthier lifestyle (healthy diet 28.8vs14.7%, physical activity 25.9vs13.1%, tobacco 13.7vs32.5%), anthropometry (waist circumference 85.7 ± 6.3vs88.6 ± 14.0 cm, body mass index 21.9 ± 2.8vs23.1 ± 2.9 kg/m), systolic BP 123.6 ± 7.7vs128.6 ± 14.1 mmHg, fasting glucose 95.6 ± 19.4vs109.4 ± 43.7 mg/dl, cholesterol 175.5 ± 36.5vs186.4 ± 43.3 mg/dl, and triglycerides 147.6 ± 48.3vs159.5 ± 60.7 mg/dl (p < 0.01). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome declined in intervention group by 22.3%vs3.9%, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: An interactive voice response system based technology significantly reduced multiple cardiovascular risk factors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
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June 2021