Publications by authors named "Jiri Soucek"

2 Publications

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Novel presentation of the c.1856A > G (p.Asp619Gly) TSHR gene-activating variant: relapsing hyperthyroidism in three subsequent generations manifesting in early childhood and an in vitro functional study.

Hormones (Athens) 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Vera Vavrova Laboratory/VIAL, Department of Pediatrics, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Familial non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism is a rare disease caused by germline activating variants in the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) gene. The c.1856A > G (p.Asp619Gly) pathogenic variant has been described in cases of toxic adenoma but never before, to our knowledge, in a case of familial non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism.

Patient Findings: A 3-year-old boy was admitted for acute gastroenteritis presenting with goiter and tall stature. Laboratory findings revealed peripheral hyperthyroidism and negativity for thyroid autoantibodies. Antithyroid drug treatment was effective, but relapses occurred shortly after attempts to decrease the drug dose. As the boy's father and paternal grandmother also experienced relapsing hyperthyroidism manifesting in early childhood, genetic testing of TSHR was indicated. The c.1856A > G (p.Asp619Gly) pathogenic variant was found in all three affected family members. Functional in vitro characterization of the variant verified that it enhances constitutional activation of the receptor, leading to increased production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Total thyroidectomy was indicated in the boy due to an unsatisfactory prognosis. Due to persistent positive thyroglobulin serum concentration, a diagnostic radioiodine scan was performed approximately 2 years later. Residual thyroid tissue was revealed; therefore, radioiodine ablative therapy was performed. Despite adequate thyroxine substitution over a long period of follow-up, TSH remained suppressed.

Conclusions: Unlike Graves' disease, familial non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism cases present with antithyroid drug-dependence. Not ultrasound but positive thyroglobulin serum concentration indicated residual thyroid tissue. Early detection of residual thyroid tissue and radioiodine ablation prevented the subject from experiencing relapsing hyperthyroidism and undergoing unnecessary repeated surgery. Life-long hormone substitution should be adjusted to free thyroxine rather than TSH serum concentrations.
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June 2021

Parameters of oxidative stress in children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus and their relatives.

J Diabetes Complications 2003 Jan-Feb;17(1):7-10

Pediatric Clinic, Charles University Hospital, E. Benese 13, 305 99, Plzen, Czech Republic.

Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of the study was to compare OS parameters in diabetic children and their first-degree relatives. Fifty diabetic children from the West Bohemian Region were examined as well as their 32 siblings (12 Boys and 20 girls) and 65 of their parents during a period of 6 months. Thirty healthy sex- and age-matched children studied before planned surgeries were normal controls for children, 40 healthy adult volunteers were controls for parents. OS parameters were evaluated in all participants of the study (superoxide dismutase, SOD; glutathione peroxidase, GSHPx; plasma antioxidant capacity, AOC; reduced glutathione, GSH; and malondialdehyde, MDA) and also Type 1 DM-associated antibodies (ICA and GADA). The results in diabetic children showed significantly lower GSHPx and AOC and increased MDA when compared with healthy children. Similar findings were found in their siblings but without statistical significance. It is consequently evident that decreased antioxidative protection and simultaneous free radical (FR) overproduction occur in diabetic children and that there is a similar, but not significant, tendency in their siblings. The findings warrant reducing OS in diabetic children and postponing disease onset in susceptible relatives.
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July 2003