Publications by authors named "Jiratchaya Wongsabut"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Simplifying antiretroviral therapy to lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy did not improve quality of life and therapy adherence in pretreated HIV-infected children.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2014 Mar 21;30(3):260-5. Epub 2013 Dec 21.

1 The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration (HIV-NAT), The Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre , Bangkok, Thailand .

We reported quality of life (QOL) and adherence in HIV-infected children after simplifying the antiretroviral regimen by switching to lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy (mLPV/r). HIV-infected children with HIV-RNA <50 copies/ml while using second-line double boosted protease inhibitors were switched to mLPV/r. Primary caregivers completed PACTG QOL questionnaires at weeks 0, 48, 96, and 144. Adherence by pill count was performed at every visit. Thirty-eight pretreated HIV-infected Thai children were enrolled. The median (IQR) age was 11.5 (10.2-13.2) years and 53% were female. At enrollment, 34 used LPV/r+saquinavir and four used LPV/r+indinavir. The median (IQR) CD4% was 27 (23-30)%. At week 144, QOL scores were similar to baseline for all domains. A transient increase in the symptoms domain score was seen at week 96 (p=0.01), whereas the physical resilience domain score was decreased at weeks 48 and 96 (both p<0.05). Despite the mean number of pills decreasing from 7.9 pills/day before and 3.7 pills/day after mLPV/r (p<0.001), there were no differences over time in adherence rates by pill count and proportion of children with poor adherence (all p>0.05). Our study did not demonstrate improvement of QOL scores and adherence rates by pill count in pretreated HIV-infected children after simplification of the antiretroviral regimen to lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/AID.2013.0204DOI Listing
March 2014

Use of human papillomavirus DNA, E6/E7 mRNA, and p16 immunocytochemistry to detect and predict anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in HIV-positive and HIV-negative men who have sex with men.

PLoS One 2013 12;8(11):e78291. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

The Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre, Bangkok, Thailand ; SEARCH, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of having anal cancer. Anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) is the precursor of anal cancer. We explored the use of different biomarkers associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV-mediated cell transformation to detect and predict HSIL among HIV-positive and HIV-negative MSM.

Methodology/principal Findings: A total of 123 HIV-positive and 123 HIV-negative MSM were enrolled and followed for 12 months. High-resolution anoscopy (HRA) with biopsies were performed at every visit along with anal sample collection for cytology, high-risk HPV DNA genotyping, HPV E6/E7 mRNA, and p16 immunocytochemistry. Performance characteristics and area under the receiver operator characteristics curve were calculated for these biomarkers at baseline, and Cox regression compared the usefulness of these biomarkers in predicting incident HSIL. High-risk HPV DNA, E6/E7 mRNA, and p16 immunocytochemistry each identified 43-46% of MSM whose baseline test positivity would trigger HRA referral. E6/E7 mRNA had the highest sensitivity (64.7%) and correctly classified the highest number of prevalent HSIL cases. With the exception of p16 immunochemistry, most tests showed significant increases in sensitivity but decreases specificity versus anal cytology, while the overall number of correctly classified cases was not significantly different. Baseline or persistent type 16 and/or 18 HPV DNA was the only test significantly predicting incident histologic HSIL within 12 months in models adjusted for HIV status and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions at baseline.

Conclusions/significance: Countries with a high HIV prevalence among MSM and limited HRA resources may consider using biomarkers to identify individuals at high risk of HSIL. E6/E7 mRNA had the highest sensitivity for prevalent HSIL detection regardless of HIV status, whereas type 16 and/or 18 HPV DNA performed best in predicting development of incident HSIL within 12 months.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0078291PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827039PMC
September 2014

Comparisons between validated estimated glomerular filtration rate equations and isotopic glomerular filtration rate in HIV patients.

AIDS 2012 Sep;26(14):1781-8

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University. Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: Understanding how best to measure renal function in HIV-infected patients is critical because estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in HIV-infected patients can be affected by ethnicity and body composition. We validated the available eGFR equations and compared them to the plasma Tc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Tc-DTPA) clearance in HIV-infected patients.

Design: Test of diagnostic accuracy.

Methods: One hundred and ninety-six HIV-infected patients underwent measuring of Tc-DTPA plasma clearance, five creatinine-based eGFR equations, cystatin-C GFR, and 24-h urine creatinine clearance (CrCl).

Results: Mean (SD) Tc-DTPA GFR was 117.7 ± 29.2 ml/min per 1.73 m. The re-expressed Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), re-expressed MDRD formula with Thai racial correction factor, Thai eGFR equation, Cockcroft-Gault equation, cystatin-C GFR, and 24-h urine CrCl underestimated the reference GFR. The bias estimated by the mean of differences (SD) for the re-expressed MDRD equation, CKD-EPI, re-expressed MDRD formula with Thai racial correction factor, Thai eGFR, Cockcroft-Gault equation, cystatin-C, and 24-h urine CrCl can be expressed as 18.9 ± 27.3, 11.1 ± 25.5, 6.2 ± 28.8, 15.4 ± 27.0, 30.4 ± 28.0, 3.2 + 36.1, and 5.0 ± 12.1 ml/min per 1.73 m, respectively.

Conclusion: The available eGFR equations underestimated GFR in HIV-infected adults. However, the eGFR by cystatin-C GFR was the most precise and accurate. Among creatinine-based eGFR equations, re-expressed MDRD formula with Thai racial correction factor was the most precise and accurate. The racial factor for each ethnicity is important and the existing eGFR equation should be validated before using it in the HIV population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e328356480dDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3782632PMC
September 2012

High prevalence of lipid abnormalities among antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected Asian children with mild-to-moderate immunosuppression.

Antivir Ther 2011 ;16(8):1351-5

Nakornping Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Background: Dyslipidaemia is a common complication among HIV-infected children after antiretroviral therapy (ART); however, HIV itself can cause abnormal lipid metabolism. There is limited information of lipid profiles among Asian HIV-infected children naive to ART.

Methods: A total of 274 HIV-infected ART-naive Thai and Cambodian children aged 1-12 years with CD4% between 15% and 24% were included. Patients were fasted for ≥4 h before blood was drawn. Abnormal lipid levels were defined as triglyceride (TG)>130 mg/dl, total cholesterol (TC)>200 mg/dl, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)>130 mg/dl and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)≤40 mg/dl.

Results: The mean (±SD) was 76.6 (33.8) months for age and -1.3 (1.0) for weight Z-score. Mean (±SD) CD4% was 19.9 (4.8) % and HIV RNA was 4.6 (0.6) log(10) copies/ml. The median (±SD) fasting time was 13.0 (2.7) h. Mean (±SD) for lipids were 116 (62) mg/dl for TG, 139 (29) mg/dl for TC, 73 (29) mg/dl for LDL and 45 (19) mg/dl for HDL. Overall 63.9% had dyslipidaemia with hypertriglyceridaemia and hypo-HDL being the most common (28% and 45%, respectively), while 2% had hypercholesterolaemia or hyper-LDL. After adjusting for age, having HIV RNA>5 log(10) copies/ml was associated with hypo-HDL with ORs of 8.1 (95% CI 2.7-24.3).

Conclusions: Up to two-thirds of ART-naive, HIV-infected Asian children with mild-to-moderate immune suppression had dyslipidaemia. Low HDL was the most common and was associated with high HIV viraemia. The long-term consequence of low HDL deserves further investigation in children.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3851/IMP1897DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3530027PMC
April 2012

Neither branded nor generic lopinavir/ritonavir produces adequate lopinavir concentrations at a reduced dose of 200/50 mg twice daily.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2012 Jan;59(1):55-8

The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand.

We assessed pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of reduced dose lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) and compared generic and branded tablets. Twenty HIV-infected patients using protease inhibitors with HIV RNA <50 copies per milliliter were randomized to generic or branded LPV/r 200/50mg twice daily (BID). At week 2, PK-sampling was performed. Patients crossed over to the other arm until week 12, with another PK-sampling at week 4. Subtherapeutic lopinavir concentrations were observed in 10/40 samples. PK parameters were comparable between branded and generic tablets. All patients remained virologically suppressed at week 12. In conclusion, LPV/r 200/50mg BID does not lead to adequate lopinavir plasma concentrations. Generic and branded LPV/r have comparable PK-parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e31823ba736DOI Listing
January 2012

Monoboosted lopinavir/ritonavir as simplified second-line maintenance therapy in virologically suppressed children.

AIDS 2011 Jan;25(3):315-23

The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Monoboosted protease inhibitor is being evaluated as a strategy to simplify therapy in virologically suppressed patients who are on complex regimens.

Methods: Children with two consecutive HIV-RNA below 50 copies/ml at least 3 months apart while on double boosted protease inhibitor (dPI) were switched to monoboosted lopinavir/r (mLPV/r). The previous dPI regimen was resumed within 4 weeks in children who experienced virological failure defined as two HIV-RNA at least 500 or three HIV-RNA at least 50 copies/ml. Primary endpoint was the proportion of children still on mLPV/r and having HIV-RNA less than 50 copies/ml at week 48.

Results: Forty children on LPV/r + saquinavir (90%) or LPV/r + indinavir (10%) were enrolled, 50% were female, median [interquartile range (IQR)] age was 11.7 (10.2-13.5) years, and body weight was 29.4 (24.1-40.2 kg). The median (IQR) CD4% was 27 (23.5-29.5%). At 48 weeks, none had died or had HIV disease progression. Thirty-one children were on mLPV/r and 29 (72.5%) had HIV-RNA less than 50 copies/ml. Nine resumed dPI due to mLPV/r failure with four achieving undetectable HIV-RNA. Overall, 31 children (82.5%) had HIV-RNA suppression. Predicting factor for failing mLPV/r was baseline HIV-RNA at least 50 copies/ml. No major protease mutations were found.

Conclusion: By simplifying second-line treatment from dPI to mLPV/r, the majority of children had sustained viral suppression at 48 weeks. Randomized study of simplified mono protease inhibitor therapy in children is warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834231f5DOI Listing
January 2011