Publications by authors named "Jingkun Miao"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Examining the Effector Mechanisms of the Feishu Acupoint (BL13) in the Treatment of Pneumonia Based on Systematic Acupuncture and Moxibustion Research.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 5;2021:5578104. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Chongqing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing 400021, China.

Background: Pneumonia is a serious global health problem. In traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture or moxibustion is used to directly stimulate select acupoints on the surface of the human body and produce physical stimulation to further stimulate regulatory functions in the body, strengthening bodily resistance, eliminating disease, and adjusting the viscera. However, this Chinese medicine knowledge does not include the specific mechanisms of action or targets of acupoints. Therefore, an in-depth research is needed.

Methods: An acupoint-element database was constructed, and the target elements of the Feishu point were screened. The UniProt-Swiss-Prot sublibrary was used to obtain correct gene name information. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and GEO2R were used to analyze differentially expressed genes in pneumonia. The STRING database was used to analyze interactions, construct a network of the Feishu point efficacy system in pneumonia, and elucidate the mechanisms of action.

Results: The Feishu point comprises 34 elements in total. The protein interaction analysis has 38 nodes and 115 edges. The Feishu point efficacy system-pneumonia system network shows that cytokine signaling in the immune system, signaling by interleukins (ILs), IL-4 and IL-13 signaling, and the immune system may be related to immunity and inflammation. The Feishu point efficacy system regulating pneumonia showed that FCER2, IL4R, FASLG, TGFB1, IL6R, STAT6, IL1B, CASP3, IL5RA, IL2RB, MYD88, SQSTM1, IL12RB1, IFNGR1, ADAM17, and CDH1 are the main targets.

Conclusion: From the perspective of systematic acupuncture and moxibustion, the Feishu point regulates cytokine signaling in the immune system, signaling by ILs, IL-4 and IL-13 signaling, and the immune system by targeting FCER2, IL4R, FASLG, TGFB1, IL6R, STAT6, IL1B, CASP3, IL5RA, IL2RB, MYD88, SQSTM1, IL12RB1, IFNGR1, ADAM17, and CDH1, thereby regulating pneumonia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/5578104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8285197PMC
July 2021

Changes in Vitamin A Levels and the Effect of Early Vitamin A Supplementation on Vitamin A Levels in Infants Throughout the First 6 Months of Life: A Prospective Cohort Study in Chongqing, China.

Front Public Health 2021 27;9:650823. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Chongqing Key Laboratory of Child Nutrition and Health, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Children's Nutrition Research Center, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorder, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

This study aimed to explore the changes in infant vitamin A (VA) status and the effect of early VA supplementation on VA level throughout the first 6 months of life. A prospective cohort study was conducted in Chongqing, China. A total of 1,016 healthy infants were enrolled at birth. Then, 930, 882, 854 and 822 healthy infants were followed up at postnatal day 7 and postnatal months 1, 3, and 6, respectively. Blood samples and dietary survey and physical development data were collected. Serum VA was measured by chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry and was classified according to the VA deficiency (VAD) criteria for older children aged 6-70 months (<0.70, 0.70-1.05, ≥1.05 μmol/L). Normally distributed continuous variables are presented as the mean ± standard deviation. The categorical variables are described by the frequency and percentage (%). The reference interval for the VA level was the 2.5th-97.5th percentile. Changes in VA status with age and the relationship of VA supplementation with VA level were investigated by generalized estimating equations followed by Bonferroni test, controlling for the effects of feeding pattern and sex. Infant VA levels increased significantly from 0.499 ± 0.146 to 1.061 ± 0.414 μmol/L with age at 6 months, even without VA supplementation ( < 0.05). From birth to 6 months, the percentage of infants with a VA level <0.70 μmol/L decreased from 88.6 to 19.5%. During follow-up, no infant demonstrated clinical VAD conditions, such as night blindness, conjunctival xerosis or Bitot's spots. Less than 7.0% of infants were underdeveloped in terms of weight, length and head circumference. The VA status of infants with VA≥0.588 μmol/L at birth gradually increased to adequate VA (VA ≥ 1.05 μmol/L) at 6 months. For these infants, there was no significant difference in VA level between the VA supplementation and non-supplementation groups ( > 0.05). Infants with VA <0.430 μmol/L at birth still had VA <0.70 μmol/L at 6 months; in this group, VA levels increased by 0.08 μmol/L more among supplemented infants than among non-supplemented infants ( < 0.05). A low VA level among neonates at birth may be a normal physiological state and may increase with age; thus, not all neonates may need early VA supplementation. More multicenter studies are needed to determine a new cutoff point for the diagnosis of neonatal VAD and the administration of nutritional intervention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.650823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8110732PMC
May 2021

Chinese newborn screening for the incidence of G6PD deficiency and variant of G6PD gene from 2013 to 2017.

Hum Mutat 2020 01 23;41(1):212-221. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Dongguan Newborn Screening Center, Dongguan Maternal & Infant Health Hospital, Dongguan, Guangdong, China.

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common X-linked enzymopathies caused by G6PD gene variant. We aimed to provide the characteristics of G6PD deficiency and G6PD gene variant distribution in a large Chinese newborn screening population. We investigated the prevalence of G6PD in China from 2013 to 2017. Then, we examined G6PD activity and G6PD gene in representative Chinese birth cohort to explore the distribution of G6PD gene variant in 2016. We then performed multicolor melting curve analysis to classify G6PD gene variants in 10,357 neonates with activity-confirmed G6PD deficiency, and DNA Sanger sequencing for G6PD coding exons if hot site variants were not found. The screened population, organizations, and provinces of G6PD deficiency were increased from 2013 to 2017 in China. The top five frequency of G6PD gene variants were c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A, c.95A>G, c.1024C>T, and c.871G>A and varied in different provinces, with regional and ethnic features, and four pathogenic variant sites (c.152C>T, c.290A>T, c.697G>C, and c.1285A>G) were first reported. G6PD deficiency mainly occurs in South China, and the frequency of G6PD gene variant varies in different regions and ethnicities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23911DOI Listing
January 2020

Maternal exposure to triclosan constitutes a yet unrecognized risk factor for autism spectrum disorders.

Cell Res 2019 Oct 28;29(10):866-869. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41422-019-0220-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796921PMC
October 2019

Correlation Between Maternal and Fetal Insulin Resistance in Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Clin Lab 2018 Jun;64(6):945-953

Background: Offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are far more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the insulin metabolism of pregnant women with GDM in late pregnancy on the insulin metabolism of the fetuses and their correlation.

Methods: This study enrolled 55 pregnant women with GDM and 87 control subjects. Fasting venous blood samples and umbilical venous blood samples (reflecting fetal metabolism) were collected from the study subjects. All blood samples were used to evaluate the blood glucose and insulin concentrations. The blood glucose and insulin concentrations were measured using an automatic biochemical analyser and radioimmunoassay, respectively. The homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) was performed to assess the insulin resistance of mother and fetus.

Results: 1. The fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, and HOMA-IR of pregnant women in the late pregnancy GDM group were all significantly higher than those in the control group (fasting blood glucose: 4.70 ± 0.11 vs. 4.11 ± 0.05 mmol/L, p < 0.001; fasting insulin: 44.1 ± 6.76 vs. 25.1 ± 3.58 µU/mL, p = 0.013; HOMA-IR: 8.92 ± 1.25 vs. 5.39 ± 0.83, p = 0.012); 2. The results of logistic regression analyses showed that maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), and family history of diabetes were high-risk factors for the development of GDM in pregnant women. 3. The insulin level and HOMA-IR in the umbilical venous blood of the late pregnancy GDM group were both significantly higher than those in the control group (insulin: 10.1 ± 1.41 vs. 6.38 ± 0.49 µU/mL, p = 0.035; HOMA-IR: 1.60 ± 0.22 vs. 1.07 ± 0.08, p = 0.006). 4. The umbilical venous blood HOMA-IR in the GDM group positively correlated with the maternal HOMA-IR and fasting insulin level. The neonatal ponderal index (PI) in the GDM group positively correlated with the umbilical venous blood HOMA-IR and insulin level.

Conclusions: The HOMA-IR was significantly higher in the late pregnancy GDM women and their fetuses than in the control group. In addition, fetal HOMA-IR positively correlated to maternal HOMA-IR in late pregnancy GDM women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.171214DOI Listing
June 2018

Vitamin A Deficiency Induces Autistic-Like Behaviors in Rats by Regulating the RARβ-CD38-Oxytocin Axis in the Hypothalamus.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 03 19;62(5). Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Children's Nutrition Research Center, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Scope: Vitamin A (VA) is an essential nutrient for the development of the brain. We previously found that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a significant rate of VA deficiency (VAD). In the current study, we aim to determine whether VAD is a risk factor for the generation of autistic-like behaviors via the transcription factor retinoic acid receptor beta (RARβ)-regulated cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38)-oxytocin (OXT) axis.

Methods And Results: Gestational VAD or VA supplementation (VAS) rat models are established, and the autistic-like behaviors in the offspring rats are investigated. The different expression levels of RARβ and CD38 in hypothalamic tissue and serum retinol and OXT concentration are tested. Primary cultured rat hypothalamic neurons are treated with all-trans retinoic acid (atRA), and recombinant adenoviruses carrying the rat RARβ (AdRARβ) or RNA interference virus RARβ-siRNA (siRARβ) are used to infect neurons to change RARβ signal. Western blotting, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and intracellular Ca detections are used to investigate the primary regulatory mechanism of RARβ in the CD38-OXT signaling pathway. We found that gestational VAD increases autistic-like behaviors and decreases the expression levels of hypothalamic RARβ and CD38 and serum OXT levels in the offspring. VAS ameliorates these autistic-like behaviors and increases the expression levels of RARβ, CD38, and OXT in the gestational VAD pups. In vitro, atRA increases the Ca excitability of neurons, which might further promote the release of OXT. Different CD38 levels are induced in the neurons by infection with different RARβ adenoviruses. Furthermore, atRA enhances the binding of RARβ to the proximal promoter of CD38, indicating a potential upregulation of CD38 transcriptional activity by RARβ.

Conclusions: Gestational VAD might be a risk factor for autistic-like behaviors due to the RARβ signal suppression of CD38 expression in the hypothalamus of the offspring, which improves with VAS during the early-life period. The nutritional status during pregnancy and the early-life period is important in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201700754DOI Listing
March 2018

Status of newborn screening in southwest China.

J Paediatr Child Health 2015 May;51(5):566-567

Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.12891DOI Listing
May 2015

[Effect of human bone morphogenetic protein 2, 3, 6, and 12 on osteosarcoma cell line UMR106].

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2010 May;35(5):464-9

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Chongqing, Chongqing 400016, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of human bone morphogenetic protein (hBMPs) 2/3/6 and 12 on osteosarcoma cell UMR106.

Methods: Adenovirus-BMP2/3/6 and 12 (AdBMP2/3/6 and12) were used to treat the cell line. Their proliferation, apoptosis, and transmigration were detected by Trypan blue exclusion test, TdT-mediated biotinylated-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), acridine orange-ethidium bromide (AO/EB) double fluorescent dye staining, and transwell-room test, respectively. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was detected to reflect the differentiation of tumors.

Results: Compared with the control groups, the cell survival rate of the experimental groups treated with AdBMP2/3/6 and 12 showed a significant time-dependent decrease (P<0.01). The apoptosis indexes were increased significantly (P<0.01) and the results from TUNEL and AO/EB method were consistent. The cell numbers of transmembrane significantly decreased at 24,48, and 72 h (P<0.01). AdBMP2/3/6 and 12 treatment enhanced the activity of ALP activity from day 3 and this effect might still be observed up to day 9 of the treatment (P<0.01).

Conclusion: hBMPs2/3/6 and 12 can inhibit the proliferation and transmigration, and induce their apoptosis and differentiation in osteosarcoma cell line UMR106.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1672-7347.2010.05.010DOI Listing
May 2010
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