Publications by authors named "Jingbo Xue"

10 Publications

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Spatio-temporal clustering of Mountain-type Zoonotic Visceral Leishmaniasis in China between 2015 and 2019.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Mar 22;15(3):e0009152. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; National Center for Tropical Diseases Research; WHO Collaborating Centre for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, China.

With several decades of concerted control efforts, visceral leishmaniasis(VL) eradication had almost been achieved in China. However, VL cases continue to be detected in parts of western China recent years. Using data of reported cases, this study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and spatio⁃temporal distribution, of mountain-type zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (MT-ZVL) in China between the years 2015 and 2019. Epidemiological data pertaining to patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) were collected in Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces between the years 2015 and 2019. Joinpoint regression analysis was performed to determine changes in the epidemic trend of MT-ZVL within the time period during which data was collected. Spatial autocorrelation of infection was examined using the Global Moran's I statistic wand hotspot analysis was carried out using the Getis-Ord Gi* statistic. Spatio-temporal clustering analysis was conducted using the retrospective space-time permutation flexible spatial scanning statistics. A total of 529 cases of MT-ZVL were detected in the six provinces from which data were collected during the study time period, predominantly in Gansu (55.0%), Shanxi (21.7%), Shaanxi (12.5%) and Sichuan (8.9%) provinces. A decline in VL incidence in China was observed during the study period, whereas an increase in MT-ZVL incidence was observed in the six provinces from which data was obtained (t = 4.87, P < 0.05), with highest incidence in Shanxi province (t = 16.91, P < 0.05). Significant differences in the Moran's I statistic were observed during study time period (P < 0.05), indicating spatial autocorrelation in the spatial distribution of MT-ZVL. Hotspot and spatial autocorrelation analysis revealed clustering of infection cases in the Shaanxi-Shanxi border areas and in east of Shanxi province, where transmission increased rapidly over the study duration, as well as in well know high transmission areas in the south of Gansu province and the north of the Sichuan province. It indicates resurgence of MT-ZVL transmission over the latter three years of the study. Spatial clustering of infection was observed in localized areas, as well as sporadic outbreaks of infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0009152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8016304PMC
March 2021

Percutaneous spinal endoscopy with unilateral interlaminar approach to perform bilateral decompression for central lumbar spinal stenosis: radiographic and clinical assessment.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Mar 1;22(1):236. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Recently, a percutaneous spinal endoscopy unilateral posterior interlaminar approach to perform bilateral decompression has been proposed for use in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis, As a development and supplement to traditional surgery, its advantages regarding therapeutic effects and prognosis, such as minor soft tissue damage, little intraoperative blood loss, and a quick return to daily life. However, there are few analyses of this surgery with a follow-up of more than 1 year,we conducted this study in order to quantitatively investigate radiographic and clinical efficacies of this surgery for central lumbar spinal stenosis.

Materials And Methods: Forty-six patients with central lumbar spinal stenosis were enrolled from January 2017 to July 2018. The visual analog scale (VAS) for back pain and leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), modified MacNab criteria were used to evaluate clinical efficiency at preoperative and postoperative time points. The intervertebral height index (IHI), cross-sectional area of the spinal canal (CSAC), calibrated disc signal (CDS) and spinal stability were examined to assess radiographic decompression efficiency via magnetic resonance imaging and X-ray at preoperative and postoperative time points.

Results: The VAS score for lower back pain and leg pain improved from 7.50 ± 0.78 to 1.70 ± 0.66 and from 7.30 ± 0.79 to 1.74 ± 0.68, respectively, and the ODI improved from 72.35 ± 8.15 to 16.15 ± 4.51. In terms of modified MacNab criteria, 91.3% of the patients achieved good or excellent outcomes. Furthermore, significant changes after surgery were observed for the percentage of CSAC, increasing from 125.3 ± 53.9 to 201.4 ± 78 mm; however, no significant differences were observed for the remaining measurement indicators.

Conclusions: The clinical and radiographic efficacies of this surgery for central lumbar spinal stenosis were good in short-term follow-up, and this surgery did not cause meaningful changes in IHI, CDS, and spine stability in short-term follow-up. The effect of long-term follow-up needs further investigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-021-04100-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7923329PMC
March 2021

and Antibacterial Activities of a Novel Quinolone Compound, OPS-2071, against Clostridioides difficile.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021 03 18;65(4). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Pharmaceutical Business Division, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

OPS-2071 is a novel quinolone antibacterial agent characterized by low oral absorption that reduces the risk of adverse events typical of fluoroquinolone class antibiotics. The and antibacterial activities of OPS-2071 against were evaluated in comparison to vancomycin and fidaxomicin. OPS-2071 exhibited potent antibacterial activity against 54 clinically isolated strains with a MIC of 0.125 μg/ml (MIC) and 0.5 μg/ml (MIC), making it more active than vancomycin on a concentration basis (MIC, 2 μg/ml; MIC, 4 μg/ml) and comparable to fidaxomicin (MIC, 0.063 μg/ml; MIC, 8 μg/ml). OPS-2071 showed equally potent antibacterial activity against both hypervirulent and nonhypervirulent strains, while a significant difference in susceptibility to fidaxomicin was observed. Spontaneous resistance to OPS-2071 and vancomycin was not observed; however, resistance to fidaxomicin was observed at 4× MIC. The mutant prevention concentration of OPS-2071 was 16-fold lower than those of fidaxomicin and vancomycin, and the postantibiotic effect of OPS-2071 was longer than those of fidaxomicin and vancomycin. Also, OPS-2071 showed low systemic exposure, with OPS-2071 having 2.9% oral bioavailability at 1 mg/kg in rats. Furthermore, OPS-2071 showed significant efficacy at 0.0313 mg/kg/day (50% effective doses), 39.0-fold and 52.1-fold lower than those of vancomycin and fidaxomicin, respectively, in a hamster model of infection. OPS-2071 has the potential to become a new therapeutic option for treating infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01170-20DOI Listing
March 2021

Spatio-temporal distribution characteristics of cysticercosis from 2000 to 2014 in Dali, Yunnan province, China.

Geospat Health 2020 12 29;15(2). Epub 2020 Dec 29.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory on Biology of Parasite and Vector, Ministry of Health, National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases, Shanghai.

Cysticercosis remains a public health problem in China, with disease prevalence attributed to poor socio-economic and public health conditions. This parasitic food-borne disease was prioritized for effective control following implementation of the national surveys on parasitic diseases carried out in China. We predicted the cysticercosis distribution in Dali, Yunnan Province by assessing spatio-temporal distribution characteristics between 2000 and 2014 to better understand the trend of the disease incidence. A database of cysticercosis cases was provided by the clinical department at the Dali Prefectural Institute of Research and Control of Schistosomiasis. Describing the epidemiological features of cysticercosis and analyzing its spatiotemporal distribution of cases using mapping, scanning and spatial autocorrelation analysis, our findings found a total of 3,347 patients with cysticercosis infection, neurocysticercosis in particular. Cysticercosis prevalence was the highest among young and middle-aged male farmers, and also predominant among the Bai nationality. Three aggregation areas were identified during the period 2000-2014. Hotspot analysis implicated Dali City, Eryuan County and Yangbi County between 2000 and 2007, with areas gradually shifting towards the western and northern parts of the province. The hotspot map indicated that Eryuan County was a constant problem with respect to cysticercosis. The results indicated three cysticercosis clusters in Dali that could be attributed to environmental factors and unhealthy lifestyles. Multi-sectoral control initiatives are, therefore, recommended in these areas to effectively control and prevent cysticercosis among the population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/gh.2020.815DOI Listing
December 2020

Analysis of initial laboratory diagnosis of malaria and its accuracy compared with re-testing from 2013 to 2018 in Yunnan Province, China.

Malar J 2020 Nov 12;19(1):409. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, 200025, China.

Background: According to China's Malaria Eradication Action Plan, malaria cases diagnosed and reported by health authorities at the county level must be further re-confirmed by provincial laboratories. The Yunnan Province Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory (YPMDRL) began the synchronous implementation of microscopic examinations and nested polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR) testing to re-test the malaria cases initially diagnosed by county-level laboratories and to evaluate the consistency of Plasmodium species identified between by YPMDRL and by the county-level laboratories from 2013 to 2018 in Yunnan Province.

Methods: Data on malaria initial diagnosis completed by county-level laboratories in Yunnan Province were collected weekly from the "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System" from 2013 to 2018. The YPMDRL performed Plasmodium microscopic examination and 18S rRNA gene nested-PCR testing on every malaria case managed by the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System. The re-testing detection results were fed back to the initial diagnosis and reporting unit for revision of malaria case types.

Results: A total of 2,869 malaria cases were diagnosed and reported by county-level laboratories in Yunnan Province from 2013 to 2018. The re-testing rate was 95.6% (2,742/2,869), and the re-testing rate increased from 2013 to 2018. Among the re-tested 2,742 cases, 96.7% (2651/2742), 2.2% (59/2742), and 1.1% (32/2742) were doubly examined by microscopy and by nested-PCR, only by microscopy, and only by nested-PCR, respectively. The total Plasmodium species accuracy rate at county-level laboratories was 92.6% (2,543/2,742) reference to the diagnosis by YPMDRL. Among the inconsistent 199 cases, they were identified as including 103 negative cases, 45 falciparum malaria cases, 30 vivax malaria cases, 11 ovale malaria cases, and 10 malariae malaria cases by YPMDRL. From 2013 to 2018, the revised and registered malaria cases by the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System in Yunnan Province was 2,747 cases, including 2,305 vivax malaria cases, 421 falciparum malaria cases, 11 ovale malaria cases, and 10 malariae malaria cases.

Conclusions: The double re-testing strategy by microscopy and by gene testing increases the accuracy of diagnoses malaria in Yunnan Province, and gene testing can reliably differentiate Plasmodium species. The re-testing results provided by YPMDRL are the authoritative basis for revising malaria kind in Yunnan Province.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03477-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7664069PMC
November 2020

Combined use of single molecule real-time DNA sequencing technology and culture-dependent methods to analyze the functional microorganisms in inoculated raw wheat Qu.

Food Res Int 2020 06 4;132:109062. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, China; Jiangsu Industrial Technology Research Institute, Jiangnan University (Rugao) Food Biotechnology Research Institute CO., LTD, Nantong 226500, China; National Engineering Research Center of Chinese Rice Wine, Zhejiang Guyuelongshan Shaoxing Wine CO., LTD, Shaoxing, Zhejiang 31200, China. Electronic address:

Inoculated raw wheat Qu (IRWQ), which can be produced with high efficiency and low cost while maintaining stable quality, is a new Qu that has been applied to Huangjiu brewing. In this study, single molecule real-time DNA sequencing technology and culture-dependent methods were combined for the first time to study the microbiota and the function of the principle microorganisms in IRWQ. The glucoamylase, amylase and protease contents of IRWQ were 1.17, 1.55 and 2.87-times greater, respectively, than those of traditional wheat Qu. Like traditional wheat Qu, the main volatile flavor compounds in IRWQ were alcohols; however, the esters content was much higher and the acids content was much lower. Single molecule real-time DNA sequencing technology identified 18 fungal species and 59 bacterial species in IRWQ. Then, 30 species were isolated by culture-dependent methods. These species represented about 80% of the total fungal microbiota and 35% of the total bacteria microbiota. Molds were the main contributors of glucoamylase, amylase and protease activities. Aspergillus flavus had the highest glucoamylase and protease activity. Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens also produced high hydrolytic enzyme activities. Saccharomyces cerevisiae produced the largest amounts of aromatics compounds, alcohols, esters and acids. Aldehydes and ketones are mainly produced by molds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109062DOI Listing
June 2020

Approaches in scaling up schistosomiasis intervention towards transmission elimination in Africa: Leveraging from the Chinese experience and lessons.

Acta Trop 2020 May 17;208:105379. Epub 2020 May 17.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 200025, China; WHO Collaborating Centre for Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai 200025, China. Electronic address:

Schistosoma japonicum, differs from the African species including S. mansoni and S. haematobium, is a zoonotic parasite as it infects both human and animals including domestic ruminant animals such as cattle and animals from the wild. Considering China's success story in the elimination of schistosomiasis, the China-Africa collaboration on schistosomaisis elimination in Africa is an important cooperative health development initiative. This review examines the importance of China-Africa collaboration on schistosomiasis elimination using effective surveillance-response intervention strategy as the platform to effectively drive the elimination of schistosomiasis in Africa. Three conclusions were made after reviewing the similarity and differences in schistososmiasis control programmes between China and African continent as follows: (i) Politically, China's lessons is that leveraging on the integrated control strategies and the recognition that schistosomiasis is a public health problem which prompted the interest of government in China. It is necessary for African leaders and governments to recognize schistosomiasis as a public health challenge that must be given serious attention in terms of funding and setting up frameworks to complement control efforts. (ii) Technically, efficient monitoring and surveillance system mechanism will facilitate contextual and effective management of schistosomiasis elimination across different environment, and African programme managers should embrace the use of appropriate diagnostic tools to guide treatment strategies at different thresholds of schistosomiasis control. (iii) Strategically, effective control of snail intermediate hosts and precision mapping of snail distribution should be prioritized for successful schistosomiasis elimination in Africa.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105379DOI Listing
May 2020

Intestinal microbiome profiles in Oncomelania hupensis in mainland China.

Acta Trop 2020 Jan 30;201:105202. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; National Center for Tropical Diseases Research; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases, Shanghai 200025, PR China. Electronic address:

Oncomelania hupensis plays a significant role in the transmission of schistosomiasis japonica, which remains a major public health concern in China. Understanding the biological characteristics of O. hupensis is a prerequisite for its control; however, there are currently no studies investigating the intestinal microbiota of the O. hupensis snail. This study aimed to profile the intestinal microbiome of O. hupensis across different ecological landscapes in mainland China. DNA was extracted from the intestines of the collected snails and the bacterial communities were detected using 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 3,799 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained, and Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria were identified as the dominant bacterial taxa at the phylum level. Bacillus and Lactococcus were the most common genera in samples obtained from the four ecological landscapes. Snail specimens were clustered into three clades according to microbial community diversity, and thirty-seven genera that contributed to differential microbiota distributions were identified. Co-occurrence network analysis indicated a symbiotic relationship for the intestinal microbiota of O. hupensis, and PICRUSt analysis predicted forty-one metabolic functions in all snail samples, including membrane transport, amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, replication and repair, energy metabolism, as well as xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism. These findings improve our understanding of bacterial ecology in the O. hupensis intestine; further studies will focus on the relationship between O. hupensis intestinal microbiota and the microbiota in their specific ecological environments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2019.105202DOI Listing
January 2020

Novel use of telescoping growth rods in treatment of early onset scoliosis: An and study in a porcine model.

JOR Spine 2018 Dec 8;1(4):e1035. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS) can be difficult. Various forms of growing rods exist to correct deformity while delaying definitive spinal fusion. The disadvantage of traditional growing rods is need for repeated surgical lengthening procedures. Telescoping growth rods (TelGR) are a prototype new, guided growth technology with a rod mechanism that allows spontaneous longitudinal growth over time without manual lengthening. We hypothesized that the TelGR system will permit unrestricted growth with limited complications through 12 weeks , and that the range of motion (RoM) in each of three directions and stiffness of the TelGR system would not be significantly different than the rigid rod system .

Materials And Methods: : Six immature pigs were surgically implanted with TelGR with cephalad fixation at T6-7 and caudal fixation at T14-L1. Radiographs of the involved vertebral segments were measured postoperatively and after 12 weeks. : A robotic testing system was utilized for flexibility tests in flexion-extension (FE), lateral bending (LB), and axial rotation (AR) of eight immature porcine specimens (T3-T15). Testing was performed on both dual rigid rods and bilateral TelGR with instrumentation at T4-5 and T13-14.

Results: : Over the 12-week period, the rod length of the TelGR increased an average of 65 mm. : TelGR demonstrated significantly increased motion in LB and AR RoM compared with rigid rods. No difference was noted in FE RoM.

Discussion: The results in this study showed expected skeletal growth with spines instrumented with TelGR. findings of increased RoM in AR and LB suggest that the TelGR system may be less rigid than traditional growing rods. Treatment with TelGR might, if proven efficacious in the clinical setting, decrease the need for repeated surgical intervention compared with traditional growing rods. This study adds to the limited body of biomechanical evidence examining guided growth technology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsp2.1035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6686829PMC
December 2018

Transcript levels of major interleukins in relation to the clinicopathological profile of patients with tuberculous intervertebral discs and healthy controls.

PLoS One 2014 27;9(6):e101324. Epub 2014 Jun 27.

Spine and Osteopathy Ward, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to simultaneously examine the transcript levels of a large number of interleukins (ILs; IL-9, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IL-16, IL-17, IL-18, IL-26, and IL-27) and investigate their correlation with the clinicopathological profiles of patients with tuberculous intervertebral discs.

Methods: Clinical data were collected from 150 patients participating in the study from January 2013 to December 2013. mRNA expression levels in 70 tuberculous, 70 herniated, and 10 control intervertebral disc specimens were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction.

Results: IL-10, IL-16, IL-17, IL-18, and IL-27 displayed stronger expression in tuberculous spinal disc tissue than in normal intervertebral disc tissue (P<0.05). Our results illustrated multiple correlations among IL-10, IL-16, IL-17, IL-18, and IL-27 mRNA expression in tuberculous samples. Smoking habits were found to have a positive correlation with IL-17 transcript levels and a negative correlation with IL-10 transcript levels (P<0.05). Pain intensity, symptom duration, C-reactive protein levels, and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate exhibited multiple correlations with the transcript levels of several ILs (P<0.05).

Conclusions: The experimental data imply a double-sided effect on the activity of ILs in tuberculous spinal intervertebral discs, suggesting that they may be involved in intervertebral discs destruction. Our findings also suggest that smoking may affect the intervertebral discs destruction process of spinal tuberculosis. However, further studies are necessary to elucidate the exact role of ILs in the intervertebral discs destruction process of spinal tuberculosis.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0101324PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4074196PMC
October 2015