Publications by authors named "Jill Keyes"

2 Publications

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Foreign Body Esophageal Perforation Leading to Multifocal Brain Abscesses: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2020 Oct 18;59(4):e131-e135. Epub 2020 Jul 18.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, Colorado.

Background: Among those aged 5 years or younger, foreign bodies are the fourth most common pediatric exposure reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers. Although the majority of ingested foreign bodies pass through the gastrointestinal tract without complication, those that do not spontaneously pass can lead to a number of serious complications, such as gastrointestinal obstruction or perforation, which can be complicated by bleeding from aortoesophageal fistula, secondary mediastinitis, peritonitis, esophageal or gastrointestinal fistula formation, and abscesses.

Case Report: We present the case of a 10-month-old child who presented with new-onset focal seizure in the setting of multiple brain abscesses, ultimately found to be due to esophageal perforation from a retained, metallic esophageal foreign body. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: Foreign bodies that are retained for longer than 24 h after ingestion have been associated with a higher risk of complications because they are less likely to pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract. Early identification and removal of foreign bodies is necessary to prevent subsequent complications. In patients who have a subacute history of cough, gagging, vomiting, and decreased oral intake with an otherwise unknown cause, foreign-body ingestion or aspiration should be considered. In addition, central nervous system abscess and infection should be considered in patients with concerns about previous foreign body ingestion or aspiration and who are newly presenting with fever, focal neurologic changes, and irritability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2020.06.025DOI Listing
October 2020

Pharmacologic treatment of pediatric headaches: a meta-analysis.

JAMA Pediatr 2013 Mar;167(3):250-8

Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 5000 W National Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53295, USA.

OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of prophylactic headache treatment in children and adolescents. DATA SOURCES PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Clinical Trials, and bibliography of retrieved articles through August 11, 2012. STUDY SELECTION Randomized trials of headache treatment among children and adolescents (<18 years old). INTERVENTION Any placebo-controlled trial or comparisons between 2 or more active medications. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Number of headaches per month. RESULTS Among 21 included trials, there were 13 placebo-controlled and 10 active comparator trials (2 also included placebo). Twenty trials focused on episodic migraines and 1 on chronic daily headaches. Drugs more effective than placebo for episodic migraines (<15 headaches per month) included topiramate (difference in headaches per month, -0.71; 95% CI, -1.19 to -0.24) and trazodone (-0.60; 95% CI, -1.09 to -0.11). Ineffective drugs included clonidine, flunarizine, pizotifen, propranolol, and valproate. A single trial of fluoxetine for chronic daily headaches found it ineffective. Patients given placebo experienced a significant (P = .03) decline in headaches, from 5.6 (95% CI, 4.52-6.77; Q = 8.14 [Cochran Q is a measure of the heterogeneity of the included studies]) to 2.9 headaches per month (95% CI, 1.66-4.08; Q = 4.72). Among the 10 active comparator trials, flunarizine was more effective than piracetam (difference in headaches per month, -2.20; 95% CI, -3.93 to -0.47) but no better than aspirin, dihydroergotamine, or propranolol. Propranolol was compared with valproate as well as behavioral treatment, and 2 studies compared different doses of topiramate; none of these trials showed significant differences. CONCLUSIONS Topiramate and trazodone have limited evidence supporting efficacy for episodic migraines. Placebo was effective in reducing headaches. Other commonly used drugs have no evidence supporting their use in children and adolescents. More research is needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4692044PMC
March 2013