Publications by authors named "Jiebin Liu"

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Rapamycin induces the anti-apoptotic protein survivin in neuroblastoma.

Int J Biochem Mol Biol 2012 10;3(1):28-35. Epub 2012 Feb 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology-Oncology, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI, 02903, USA.

Neuroblastoma is the most common solid tumor of infancy, accounting for 15% of all cancer cell deaths in children. Expression of the anti-apoptotic protein survivin in these tumors correlates with poor prognostic features and resistance to therapy. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein is being explored as a potential therapeutic target in patients with this disease. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that rapamycin regulates survivin expression and function in neuroblastoma cells. To explore this hypothesis, we treated two different neuroblastoma lines (NB7, NB8) and a well-characterized control lung cancer cell line, A549, with varying doses of rapamycin (0.1-10μM) for serial time points (2-48 hours). RNA and protein expression levels were then evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were assayed by WST-1 and Annexin V. The results showed a rapamycin-dependent increase in survivin mRNA and protein levels in the neuroblastoma cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent fashion, while a decrease in these levels was observed in control cells. Rapamycin inhibited cell proliferation in both A549 and neuroblastoma cells however neuroblastoma cells had less apoptosis than A549 cells (9% vs. 20%). In summary, our results indicate that rapamycin induces expression of the anti-apoptotic protein survivin in neuroblastoma cells which may protect these cells from programmed cell death. Induction of survivin by rapamycin could therefore be a potential mechanism of neuroblastoma tumor cell resistance and rapamycin may not be an effective therapeutic agent for these tumors.
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October 2012