Publications by authors named "Jiaru Song"

2 Publications

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Compensatory role of endogenous sulfur dioxide in nitric oxide deficiency-induced hypertension.

Redox Biol 2021 Nov 18;48:102192. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to determine the communicational pattern of gaseous signaling molecules sulfur dioxide (SO) and nitric oxide (NO) between vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and elucidate the compensatory role and significance of endogenous SO in the development of hypertension due to NO deficiency.

Approach And Results: Blood pressure was monitored by the tail-cuff and implantable physiological signal telemetry in L-nitro-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced hypertensive mice, and structural alterations of mouse aortic vessels were detected by the elastic fiber staining method. l-NAME-treated mice showed decreased plasma NO levels, increased SO levels, vascular remodeling, and increased blood pressure, and application of l-aspartate-β-hydroxamate, which inhibits SO production, further aggravated vascular structural remodeling and increased blood pressure. Moreover, in a co-culture system of HAECs and HASMCs, NO from HAECs did not influence aspartate aminotransferase (AAT)1 protein expression but decreased AAT1 activity in HASMCs, thereby resulting in the inhibition of endogenous SO production. Furthermore, NO promoted S-nitrosylation of AAT1 protein in HASMCs and purified AAT1 protein. Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry showed that the Cys192 site of AAT1 purified protein was modified by S-nitrosylation. In contrast, dithiothreitol or C192S mutations in HASMCs blocked NO-induced AAT1 S-nitrosylation and restored AAT1 enzyme activity.

Conclusion: Endothelium-derived NO inhibits AAT activity by nitrosylating AAT1 at the Cys192 site and reduces SO production in HASMCs. Our findings suggest that SO acts as a compensatory defense system to antagonize vascular structural remodeling and hypertension when the endogenous NO pathway is disturbed.
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November 2021

ADAR1 Stimulation by IFN-α Downregulates the Expression of MAVS via RNA Editing to Regulate the Anti-HBV Response.

Mol Ther 2021 03 3;29(3):1335-1348. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, P.R. China. Electronic address:

The partial response of chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) patients to interferon-α (IFN-α) therapy remains elusive, which requires a better understanding of the involved molecular mechanism. In our study, bioinformatics analysis was applied to relate IFN-α regulated candidate genes and RNA editing sites by RNA sequencing. Mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) antiviral effect was confirmed in HepG2.2.15 cells and in two mouse models. The associations between polymorphisms in MAVS gene and response to IFN-α therapy were confirmed in CHB patients. We found that IFN-α downregulates MAVS via RNA editing that was mediated by adenosine deaminase acting on RNA (ADAR1). ADAR1 inhibited MAVS expression via a human antigen R (HuR)-mediated post-transcriptional regulation. MAVS exerted an antiviral activity and reduced the level of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers in vitro and in vivo. IFN-α antiviral effects were significantly enhanced by MAVS co-transfection. Hepatitis B core protein (HBc) interacted with SP1 to inhibit the promoter activity of MAVS that regulates its expression. CHB patients with a rs3746662A allele had higher MAVS expression and thus were more responsive to IFN-α treatment. In this work, we demonstrated that the decrease of MAVS expression is mediated by the IFN-α-ADAR1 axis. This study also highlighted the potential for the clinical application of MAVS in combination with IFN-α for the treatment of HBV infection.
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March 2021