Publications by authors named "Jianhui Xie"

95 Publications

Calculation of the Paternity Index for STR with tri-allelic patterns in paternity testing.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Jul 15;324:110832. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address:

The calculation of the paternity index (PI) value of common bi-allelic genotypes at STR loci has been standardized in paternity cases. However, for tri-allelic patterns, a rare category of genotyping aberration in forensic practice, the statistical analysis in paternity testing remains disputed. The Type 1 tri-allelic pattern generally results from somatic mutation in the early stage of individual development. The Type 2 tri-allelic pattern is commonly generated by segmental duplication in the genome. In this study, practical and theoretical aspects of the evaluation of evidence concerning the Type 1 and Type 2 tri-allelic patterns in healthy individuals are discussed based on the likelihood ratio (LR) in different categories of kinship cases. The calculation of the PI value concerning tri-allelic genotypes is formulated according to the generation and genetic transmission of tri-allelic patterns. Meanwhile, a package tool named TriPI is developed to assist the calculation of the PI value in paternity testing concerning tri-allelic subjects, which could benefit the evaluation of the weight of evidence in the interpretation of tri-allelic pattern in forensic practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2021.110832DOI Listing
July 2021

Anti-Hyperuricemic and Nephroprotective Effects of Dihydroberberine in Potassium Oxonate- and Hypoxanthine-Induced Hyperuricemic Mice.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:645879. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Phellodendri Chinese Cortex has long been used to treat hyperuricemia and gout. Berberine (BBR), its characteristic ingredient, has also been shown to be effective in alleviating monosodium urate crystals-triggered gout inflammation and . Dihydroberberine (DHB) is a hydrogenated derivative of BBR that showed improved efficacy on many metabolic disorders. However, its anti-hyperuricemia effect remains underexplored. In the present work, the hypouricemic and renoprotective effects of DHB on hyperuricemic mice were investigated. The hyperuricemic mice model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of potassium oxonate (PO, 300 mg/kg) combined with intragastric administration of hypoxanthine (HX, 300 mg/kg) for 7 days. Different dosages of DHB (25, 50 mg/kg), BBR (50 mg/kg) or febuxostat (Feb, 5 mg/kg) were orally given to mice 1 h after modeling. The molecular docking results showed that DHB effectively inhibited xanthine oxidase (XOD) by binding with its active site. , DHB exhibited significant XOD inhibitory activity (IC value, 34.37 μM). The results showed that DHB had obvious hypouricemic and renoprotective effects in hyperuricemic mice. It could not only lower the uric acid and XOD levels in serum, but also suppress the activities of XOD and adenosine deaminase (ADA) in the liver. Furthermore, DHB noticeably down-regulated the renal mRNA and protein expression of XOD. Besides, DHB remarkably and dose-dependently ameliorated renal damage, as evidenced by considerably reducing serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-18) levels and restoring kidney histological deteriorations. Further mechanistic investigation showed that DHB distinctly down-regulated renal mRNA and protein levels of URAT1, GLUT9, NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like (ASC), caspase-1 and IL-1β. Our study revealed that DHB had outstanding hypouricemic and renoprotective effects via suppressing XOD, URAT1, GLUT9 and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in the kidney.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2021.645879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8093860PMC
April 2021

Gut Microbiota-Mediated Transformation of Coptisine Into a Novel Metabolite 8-Oxocoptisine: Insight Into Its Superior Anti-Colitis Effect.

Front Pharmacol 2021 30;12:639020. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Coptisine (COP) is a bioactive isoquinoline alkaloid derived from Franch, which is traditionally applied for the management of colitis. However, the blood concentration of COP was extremely low, and its gut microbiota-mediated metabolites were thought to contribute to its prominent bioactivities. To comparatively elucidate the protective effect and underlying mechanism of COP and its novel gut microbiota metabolite (8-oxocoptisine, OCOP) against colitis, we used dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) to induce colitis in mice. Clinical symptoms, microscopic alternation, immune-inflammatory parameters for colitis were estimated. The results indicated that OCOP dramatically ameliorated disease activity index (DAI), the shortening of colon length and colonic histopathological deteriorations. OCOP treatment also suppressed the mRNA expression and release of inflammatory mediators (TGF-β, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-18, IL-1β and IFN-γ) and elevated the transcriptional and translational levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) as well as the mRNA expression levels of adhesion molecules ( and ). Besides, the activation of NF-κB pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome was markedly inhibited by OCOP. Furthermore, OCOP displayed superior anti-colitis effect to COP, and was similar to MSZ with much smaller dosage. Taken together, the protective effect of OCOP against DSS-induced colitis might be intimately related to inhibition of NF-κB pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome. And the findings indicated that OCOP might have greater potential than COP to be further exploited as a promising candidate in the treatment of colitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2021.639020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8042337PMC
March 2021

Therapeutic Efficacy and Safety of Safflower Injection in the Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 16;2021:6617772. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, China.

Background: Safflower injection (SFI), a popular Chinese patent drug, is commonly used to treat acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) in China. The research seeks to scientifically estimate the clinical efficacy of SFI for ACS patients.

Methods: Eight electronic databases were retrieved for eligible research from the founding date to September 8, 2020. Odds ratio (OR) was adopted to assess the total effective rate, ECG improvement, and adverse reaction, and mean difference (MD) was used for assessing the hemorheology indexes as well as the LVEF.

Results: Sixteen randomized controlled trials involving 1620 sufferers with ACS were incorporated. The outcomes showed that, in comparison to conventional medication alone, SFI combined with conventional treatment remarkably enhanced the total effective rate (OR = 3.66, 95% CI [2.73, 4.90], < 0.00001), ECG improvement (OR = 2.85, 95% CI [2.04, 3.99], < 0.00001), and LVEF (MD = 5.13, 95% CI [3.73, 6.53], < 0.00001). Moreover, SFI combined with conventional treatment significantly decreased hemorheology indexes including BV (MD = -0.95, 95% CI [-1.76, -0.13], =0.02), HCT (MD = -2.37, 95% CI [-3.25, -1.50], < 0.00001), FIB (MD = -0.44, 95% CI [-0.60, -0.29], < 0.00001), and PAR (OR = -7.65, 95% CI [-10.16, -5.14], < 0.00001). However, no notable contrast was observed to link the experimental and the control team for PV (MD = -0.42, 95% CI [-0.83, 0.00], =0.05) and adverse reactions (OR = 0.59, 95% CI [0.13, 2.74], =0.50).

Conclusion: Despite the limitations that existed in this meta-analysis, the outcomes demonstrated that SFI and conventional combined medication is an effective and relatively safe therapy for ACS sufferers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/6617772DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7994092PMC
March 2021

Evaluation of one-step RT-PCR multiplex assay for body fluid identification.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China.

The discrimination of body fluid stains provides crucial evidence during the investigation of criminal cases. Previous studies have demonstrated the practical value of mRNA profiling in body fluid identification. Conventional strategy of mRNA profiling entails reverse transcription and PCR amplification in two separate procedures with different buffer systems. In this study, we subjected the one-step multiplex reverse transcription PCR strategy to mRNA profiling with the inclusion of the same 18 tissue-specific biomarkers in the F18plex system targeting peripheral blood, menstrual blood, vaginal secretion, saliva, semen, and urine. The Qiagen OneStep RT-PCR kit and Titanium One-Step RT-PCR kit were applied to multiplex construction, while reproducible profiling results were obtained with both kits. Compared to the F18plex system, similar expression profiles of biomarkers were obtained in targeted tissues, while expected cross-reaction was observed in non-targeted body fluids. However, CYP2B7P1 and SPINK5 were detected in menstrual blood samples, which was not observed using the F18plex system. Full-profiling results were obtained in all samples using 0.1 ng peripheral blood and semen RNA, and 1 ng menstrual blood, vaginal secretion, saliva, and urine RNA. In conclusion, the application of one-step mRNA profiling strategy could be a reliable and economical method for the simplified, specific, and simultaneous analysis of tissue-specific biomarkers for the discrimination of body fluid origin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-021-02535-wDOI Listing
March 2021

Concordance and characterization of massively parallel sequencing at 58 STRs in a Tibetan population.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2021 Apr 25;9(4):e1626. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is a promising supplementary method for forensic casework in short tandem repeats (STRs) genotyping, owing to several advantageous features in comparison to traditional capillary electrophoresis (CE). However, the application of MPS in casework requires accessible datasets from the worldwide population to enrich the allele frequencies of sequence-based STR genotypes.

Methods: In this study, we report the characterization of sequence-based allele frequencies of 58 STRs from a Tibetan population comprising 120 unrelated individuals using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit. A concordance study evaluating MPS and CE allele data was performed to ensure that MPS is compatible with current CE-based forensic databases. The diversity of observed alleles, allele frequencies, and forensic parameters per locus by length (LB), sequence without flanking region (RSB), and sequence with flanking region (FSB) were analyzed and compared.

Results: The concordance study demonstrated a concordance rate exceeding 99%. The combined random match probability (RMP) for the 26 A-STRs was 2.04 × 10 , 1.93 × 10 , and 9.56 × 10 for LB, RSB, and FSB, respectively. Similar trends were observed in other forensic parameters resulting from the increase in the number of unique alleles available. A total of 111 and 113 unique haplotypes in the Y-STR loci were observed when using length-based and sequence-based alleles, respectively. In addition, we identified 35 novel alleles at 25 loci and 25 polymorphisms in the flanking regions at 17 STRs.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that MPS- and CE-derived alleles are compatible. MPS-based analysis of the STR data substantially increased the allele diversity and improved the forensic parameters, which clearly demonstrated the advantages of MPS in comparison to CE. With more pooled data and larger-scale validation, MPS could play a valuable role in forensic genetics and might be an additional tool for routine casework.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.1626DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8123751PMC
April 2021

Oxyberberine, an absorbed metabolite of berberine, possess superior hypoglycemic effect via regulating the PI3K/Akt and Nrf2 signaling pathways.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 May 30;137:111312. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Berberine (BBR) is a promising anti-diabetic isoquinoline alkaloid from Rhizoma coptidis, while its bioavailability was extremely low. Here, the existing form and pharmacokinetics of BBR were comparatively characterized in conventional and antibiotic-induced pseudo germ-free (PGF) rats. Furthermore, we comparatively investigated the antidiabetic effect and potential mechanism of BBR and its intestinal oxidative metabolite oxyberberine (OBB) in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Results showed that BBR and OBB existed mainly as protein-bound form in blood, while protein-bound OBB was significantly depleted in PGF rats. Treatment with OBB and BBR effectively decreased clinical symptoms of diabetic rats, reduced blood glucose level, ameliorated the pancreatic damage, and mitigated oxidative stress and inflammatory markers. However, the anti-diabetes effect of BBR was obviously compromised by antibiotics. In addition, OBB exerted superior anti-diabetes effect to BBR of the same dose, significantly up-regulated the mRNA expression of Nrf2 signaling pathway and substantially promoted the pancreatic levels of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. In conclusion, BBR and its absorbed oxidative metabolite OBB were mainly presented and transported in the protein-bound form in vivo. The gut microbiota may play an important role in the anti-diabetes effect of BBR through transforming itself into the superior hypoglycemic metabolite OBB. OBB possessed favorable hypoglycemic and pancreatic β-cells protective effects, which may stand a huge potential to be further developed into a promising anti-diabetes candidate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111312DOI Listing
May 2021

Coptisine ameliorates DSS-induced ulcerative colitis via improving intestinal barrier dysfunction and suppressing inflammatory response.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Apr 27;896:173912. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Pharmacology, Zunyi Medical University, Zhuhai Campus, Zhuhai, 519041, PR China. Electronic address:

Ulcerative colitis (UC), as an autoimmune disease, has been troubling human health for many years. Up to now, the available treatments remain unsatisfactory. Rhizoma Coptidis has been widely applied to treat gastrointestinal diseases in China for a long time, and coptisine (COP) is identified as one of its major active components. This study aimed to evaluate the bioactivity of COP on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice colitis and clarify the potential mechanism of action. The results revealed that COP treatment markedly alleviated DSS-induced clinical symptoms by relieving body weight loss and the disease activity index (DAI) score. Specifically, the colon length in the COP (50 and 100 mg/kg) groups were obviously longer than that in the DSS group (7.21 ± 0.34, 8.59 ± 0.45 cm vs. 6.71 ± 0.59 cm, P < 0.01). HE staining analysis revealed that COP treatment significantly protected the integrity of intestinal barrier and alleviated inflammatory cells infiltration. Western blot assay confirmed that COP notably improved the intestinal epithelial barrier function by enhancing the expressions of colonic tight junction proteins and inhibited the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins. In addition, COP treatment remarkably suppressed the levels of colonic myeloperoxidase (MPO), adhesion molecules and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-17), while enhanced IL-10 and TGF-β. The mechanism anti-inflammatory of COP might be related to inhibiting the phosphorylation of IκBα, and the translocation of NF-κB p65 from cytoplasm to nucleus. In summary, the study indicated that COP ameliorated DSS-induced colitis, at least partly through maintaining the integrity of intestinal epithelial barrier, inhibiting apoptosis and inflammatory response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2021.173912DOI Listing
April 2021

Apoptotic activities of brusatol in human non-small cell lung cancer cells: Involvement of ROS-mediated mitochondrial-dependent pathway and inhibition of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant response.

Toxicology 2021 03 16;451:152680. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Clinical Research on Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, P.R. China; The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, P.R. China; State Key Laboratory of Dampness Syndrome of Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, P.R. China.

Brusatol occurs as a characteristic bioactive principle of Brucea javanica (L.) Merr., a traditional medicinal herb frequently employed to tackle cancer in China. This work endeavored to unravel the potential anti-cancer activity and action mechanism of brusatol against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. The findings indicated that brusatol remarkably inhibited the growth of wild-type NSCLC cell lines (A549 and H1650) and epidermal growth factor receptor-mutant cell lines (PC9 and HCC827) in a dose- and time-related fashion, and profoundly inhibited the clonogenic capability and migratory capacity of PC9 cells. Treatment with brusatol resulted in significant apoptosis in PC9 cells, as evidenced by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometric analysis. The apoptotic effect was closely related to induction of G0-G1 cell cycle arrest, stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde, decrease of glutathione levels and disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. Furthermore, pretreatment with N-acetylcysteine, a typical ROS scavenger, markedly ameliorated the brusatol-induced inhibition of PC9 cells. Western blotting assay indicated that brusatol pronouncedly suppressed the expression levels of mitochondrial apoptotic pathway-associated proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, accentuated the expression of Bax and Bak, and upregulated the protein expression of XIAP, cleaved caspase-3/pro caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8/pro caspase-8, and cleaved PARP/total PARP. In addition, brusatol significantly suppressed the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1, and abrogated tBHQ-induced Nrf2 activation. Combinational administration of brusatol with four chemotherapeutic agents exhibited marked synergetic effect on PC9 cells. Together, the inhibition of PC9 cells proliferation by brusatol might be intimately associated with the modulation of ROS-mediated mitochondrial-dependent pathway and inhibition of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant response. This novel insight might provide further evidence to buttress the antineoplastic efficacy of B. javanica, and support a role for brusatol as a promising anti-cancer candidate or adjuvant to current chemotherapeutic medication in the therapy of EGFR-mutant NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2021.152680DOI Listing
March 2021

Hydrogen atom transfer in the oxidation of alkylbenzenesulfonates by ferrate(VI) in aqueous solutions.

Dalton Trans 2021 Jan;50(2):715-721

Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Advanced Catalytic Materials and Reaction Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, People's Republic of China.

Ferrate(vi), [FeO4]2-, is a very powerful oxidant that can oxidize a wide variety of inorganic and organic compounds. However, the mechanisms of many of these oxidation reactions have not been studied in detail. In this work, we have investigated the kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of 4-alkylbenzenesulfonates by ferrate in aqueous solutions at pH 7.45-9.63 by UV/Vis spectrophotometry. The reactions are first order with respect to both [ferrate] and [4-alkylbenzenesulfonate]. The second-order rate constants for the oxidation of 4-isopropylbenzenesulfonate by ferrate at 25 °C and I = 0.3 M are found to be (5.86 ± 0.08) × 10-1 M-1 s-1 and (4.11 ± 1.50) × 10-3 M-1 s-1 for [Fe(O)3(OH)]- and [FeO4]2-, respectively, indicating that [Fe(O)3(OH)]- is two orders of magnitude more reactive than [FeO4]2- and is the predominant oxidant in neutral and slightly alkaline solutions. This is further supported by the effect of the ionic strength on the rate constant. No solvent kinetic isotope effect (KIE) was found but a moderate primary KIE = 1.6 ± 0.1 was observed in the oxidation of 4-ethylbenzenesulfonate and 4-ethylbenzenesulfonate-d9. Alkyl radicals were trapped by CBrCl3 in the oxidation of alkylarenes by ferrate. Combined with DFT calculations, a hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) mechanism was proposed for the reactions between [Fe(O)3(OH)]- and 4-alkylbenzenesulfonates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0dt03245jDOI Listing
January 2021

The anti-hepatocellular carcinoma effect of Brucea javanica oil in ascitic tumor-bearing mice: The detection of brusatol and its role.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Feb 16;134:111122. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Brucea javanica oil (BJO), one of the main products of Brucea javanica, has been widely used in treating different kinds of malignant tumors. Quassinoids are the major category of anticancer phytochemicals of B. javanica. However, current researches on the anti-cancer effect of BJO mainly focused on oleic acid and linoleic acid, the common major components of dietary edible oils, essential and characteristic components of B. javanica like quassinoids potentially involved remained unexplored. In the current investigation, we developed an efficient HPLC method to detect brusatol, a characteristic quassinoid, and comparatively scrutinized the anti-hepatocellular carcinoma (anti-HCC) effect of BJO, brusatol-free BJO (BF-BJO), and brusatol-enriched BJO (BE-BJO) against hepatoma 22 (H22) in mice. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was utilized to identify the components in BJO. BE-BJO was extracted with 95 % ethanol. The anti-tumor effect of BJO, BF-BJO and BE-BJO was comparatively investigated, and the potential underlying mechanism was explored in H22 ascites tumor-bearing mice. The results indicated that BJO and BE-BJO significantly prolonged the survival time of H22 ascites tumor-bearing mice, while BF-BJO exhibited no obvious effect. BJO and BE-BJO exhibited pronounced anti-HCC activity by suppressing the growth of implanted hepatoma H22 in mice, including ascending weight, abdominal circumference, ascites volume and cancer cell viability, with a relatively wide margin of safety. BJO and BE-BJO significantly induced H22 cell apoptosis by upregulating the miRNA-29b gene level and p53 expression. Furthermore, BJO and BE-BJO treatment substantially downregulated Bcl-2 and mitochondrial Cytochrome C protein expression, and upregulated expression levels of Bax, Bad, cytosol Cytochrome C, caspase-3 (cleaved), caspase‑9 (cleaved), PARP and PARP (cleaved) to induce H22 cells apoptosis. Brusatol was detected in BJO and found to be one of its major active anti-HCC components, rather than fatty acids including oleic acid and linoleic acid. The anti-HCC effect of BJO and BE-BJO was intimately associated with the activation of miRNA-29b, p53-associated apoptosis and mitochondrial-related pathways. Our study gained novel insight into the material basis of BJO in the treatment of HCC, and laid a foundation for a novel specific standard for the quality evaluation of BJO and its commercial products in terms of its anti-cancer application.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2020.111122DOI Listing
February 2021

Changes in empathy of nurses from 2009 to 2018: A cross-temporal meta-analysis.

Nurs Ethics 2020 Dec 7:969733020968163. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

37046Hunan Children's Hospital, China.

The empathy of nurses is associated with self-care and self-compassion, which may enhance the quality of the nurse-patient relationship. Yet, research on the empathy of nursing staff has mostly used cross-sectional designs, which cannot capture the degree of empathy changes over time. To explore changes in empathy among nurses in China from 2009 to 2018. A cross-temporal meta-analysis was used to examine continuous changes in the empathy of nurses. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used to conduct this cross-temporal meta-analysis of 57 samples of nurses in China who completed the three subscales (perspective-taking, compassionate care, and walking in the patient's shoes) of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professionals from 2009 to 2018 (N = 13,825). This meta-analysis was conducted following good scientific practice in every phase, and approval by ethics committees was not required according to the local regulations in China. The findings suggest that the nurses' mean total scores of empathy and perspective-taking on the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professionals declined significantly over time, but the trend in compassionate care and walking in the patient's shoes was not significant. No significant changes were found in the overall empathy or the three dimensions of empathy of the nurses in the Eastern region across time, whereas a significant decline was found on the total empathy and perspective-taking scores of the nurses in other regions (i.e. the Central and Western regions). The mean total score of empathy and walking in the patient's shoes of the nurses who worked in the intensive care units showed a significant decrease over time. Furthermore, these findings indicate that the empathy of Chinese nurses has decreased steadily over the past 10 years. High levels of empathy can effectively reduce healthcare risks, errors, and disputes among nursing staff and enhance patient satisfaction and well-being.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0969733020968163DOI Listing
December 2020

The Efficacy and Safety of Compound Danshen Dripping Pill Combined with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Coronary Heart Disease.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 17;2020:5067137. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

State Key Laboratory of Dampness Syndrome of Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, China.

Objective: Compound Danshen dripping pill (CDDP) is a well-known Chinese patent medicine, which is commonly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) in China. This study is aimed at systematically assessing the clinical efficacy of CDDP for CHD patients.

Methods: Eight databases were retrieved for eligible research studies from the founding date to April 20, 2020. Risk ratio (RR) was used to assess major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and adverse reactions, and mean difference (MD) was adopted to evaluate the hemorheology and blood lipid indexes, vascular endothelial function, cardiac function, and inflammation.

Result: Twenty randomized controlled trials involving 2574 participants with CHD were included. The results indicated that, compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) alone, the combination of CDDP with PCI treatment remarkably reduced MACE (RR = 0.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.44, 0.65), < 0.00001). Moreover, hemorheology and blood lipid parameters and inflammatory mediators of CHD patients were also dramatically mitigated after the combined therapy ( < 0.01). In addition, vascular endothelial function and cardiac function were prominently improved by this combination ( < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups ( > 0.05).

Conclusion: Evidence from the meta-analysis demonstrated that CDDP combined with PCI treatment prominently reduced the incidence of MACE, improved cardiovascular functions, and inhibited inflammation in CHD patients. Therefore, CDDP combined with PCI treatment could be an effective and safe therapeutic method for CHD patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5067137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7685822PMC
November 2020

Genetic analysis of tri-allelic patterns at the CODIS STR loci.

Mol Genet Genomics 2020 Sep 16;295(5):1263-1268. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China.

In the routine of autosomal STR genotyping for forensic aims, tri-allelic patterns could be occasionally observed at a single locus in phenotypically normal individuals. Two predominant types of tri-allelic variants have been nominated. Uneven intensities of three alleles are normally considered as the Type 1 pattern, and balanced height of three alleles are considered as the Type 2 pattern. In this study, the prevalence of tri-allelic patterns at the CODIS STR loci was investigated in global populations based on previous reports. The frequencies of the Type 1 and Type 2 pattern manifest a correlation with the germline mutation rates at the CODIS STR loci. The irregular high frequencies of the Type 2 pattern at TPOX with low germline mutation rates could attribute to the stable inheritance of genomic rearrangement from ancestral origin. Furthermore, results from genetic pattern analysis show that only a single allele from STRs with the Type 1 pattern could be transmitted from parents to offsprings, while a single allele and a combination of two alleles from STRs with the Type 2 pattern present an equal opportunity of transmission from parents to offsprings. Altogether, these results provide a genetic portrait of STRs with tri-allelic patterns, which will help the genetic interpretation of tri-allelic patterns in forensic practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-020-01701-wDOI Listing
September 2020

A 16-plex Y-SNP typing system based on allele-specific PCR for the genotyping of Chinese Y-chromosomal haplogroups.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2020 Sep 30;46:101720. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address:

Y-chromosomal SNP (Y-SNP), with its stable inheritance and low mutation, can provide Supplementary information in forensic investigation. While commonly used Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes show their limitations, typing of Y-SNP would become a powerful complement. In this study, a 16-plex Y-SNP typing system based on allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) was developed to discriminate four dominant Y-chromosomal haplogroups (C-M130, D-CTS3946, N-M231, and O-M175) and 12 predominant sub-haplogroups of O-M175 (O1a-M119, O1a1a1a-CTS3265, O1b-M268, O1b1a2-Page59, O2-M122, O2a1-L127.1, O2a1b-F240, O2a1b1a1-CTS5820, O2a2-P201, O2a2b1a1-M177, O2a2b1a1a1a-Y17728, O2a2b1a2-F114). A series of experimental validation studies including sensitivity, species specificity, male-female mixture and inhibition were performed. The discrimination of the typing system was preliminarily proved with a haplogroup diversity of 0.9239. Altogether, the Y-SNP typing system based on AS-PCR should be capable of distinguishing China's dominant Y-chromosomal haplogroups in a rapid and reliable manner, thus can be employed as a useful complement in forensic casework.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2020.101720DOI Listing
September 2020

Development of a multiplex system for the identification of forensically relevant body fluids.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2020 07 19;47:102312. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China. Electronic address:

Currently, mRNA profiling is widely investigated for forensic body fluid identification, while it is still required to advance the approach for those casework samples of limited quantity or low quality. The inclusion of circular RNAs (circRNAs) can facilitate the detection of mRNA markers in forensic body fluid identification. In this study, a multiplex assay for forensic body fluid identification (F18plex assay) was developed by incorporating 14 tissue-specific mRNA markers with circRNAs expression, 2 mRNA markers with high abundance and 2 housekeeping markers for the discrimination of the most common forensic body fluids, including blood, menstrual blood, saliva, vaginal secretion, semen and urine. The markers employed in the F18plex assay show similar specificity to previous reports. Additionally, even if all linear transcripts were completely erased, the expected markers in target biofluids could still be identified, which should help the discrimination of those aged biological stains. Results from sensitivity testing and the detection of mixtures demonstrate good sensitivity of the multiplex assay. Generally, full biomarker profiles could be obtained with ≥1 μl of blood, saliva, or semen, and ≥1 ng of total RNAs from menstrual blood, vaginal secretion, or urine samples, respectively, using this multiplex assay under the established conditions. Collectively, the newly established multiplex assay can assist in determining the biological origin of forensic stains.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102312DOI Listing
July 2020

Characterizing Y-STRs in the Evaluation of Population Differentiation Using the Mean of Allele Frequency Difference between Populations.

Genes (Basel) 2020 05 19;11(5). Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) are widely used in human research for the evaluation of population substructure or population differentiation. Previous studies show that several haplotype sets can be used for the evaluation of population differentiation. However, little is known about whether each Y-STR in these sets performs well during this procedure. In this study, a total of 20,927 haplotypes of a Yfiler Plus set were collected from 41 global populations. Different configurations were observed in multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots based on pairwise genetic distances evaluated using a Yfiler set and a Yfiler Plus set, respectively. Subsequently, 23 single-copy Y-STRs were characterized in the evaluation of population differentiation using the mean of allele frequency difference (mAFD) between populations. Our results indicated that DYS392 had the largest mAFD value (0.3802) and YGATAH4 had the smallest value (0.1845). On the whole, larger pairwise genetic distances could be obtained using the set with the top fifteen markers from these 23 single-copy Y-STRs, and clear clustering or separation of populations could be observed in the MDS plot in comparison with those using the set with the minimum fifteen markers. In conclusion, the mAFD value is reliable to characterize Y-STRs for efficiency in the evaluation of population differentiation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes11050566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290957PMC
May 2020

Genetic analysis of type 2 tri-allelic pattern at TPOX locus in the Chinese Han population.

Mol Genet Genomics 2020 Jul 1;295(4):933-939. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Tri-allelic patterns can occasionally be observed during the profiling of short tandem repeats (STRs) in routine forensic practice. In previous studies, the Type 2 tri-allelic pattern at TPOX has been widely studied in African and Brazilian populations. In this study, we investigated the incidence, rearrangement, and inheritance of the Type 2 tri-allelic pattern at the TPOX locus in a Chinese Han population. The frequency of the Type 2 pattern at TPOX was approximately 0.0189%, and the major extra allele was allele 11 in the Chinese Han population. Two major allelic combinations, 8/11 and 11/12, were observed, which are different from the configuration of that in both African and Brazilian populations. Tight linkage between alleles 11 and 12 was observed in the majority of the Type 2 pattern at TPOX in the Chinese Han population, while the location of the extra copy on chromosome 2 was validated, which shows an identical ancestral origin. The excess allelic combination 8/11 implies a homogeneous origin and tight linkage relationship. However, the rearrangement in the Type 2 pattern with the 8/11 allelic combination remained unknown. Altogether, these results show the configuration of the Type 2 tri-allelic pattern at the TPOX locus in the Chinese Han population, which will assist in the understanding of the Type 2 tri-allelic pattern at the TPOX locus in the global population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-020-01679-5DOI Listing
July 2020

Trace Fe Incorporation into Ni-(oxy)hydroxide Stabilizes Ni Sites for Anodic Oxygen Evolution: A Double Thin-Layer Study.

Langmuir 2020 May 7;36(19):5126-5133. Epub 2020 May 7.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China.

Iron incorporation is essential for the record activity of NiFe-(oxy)hydroxides to oxygen evolution reaction (OER), but the details of how Fe affects catalysis remain under active investigation. In this work, we present a double thin-layer strategy for finding unique and solid evidence for the role of Fe in the OER mechanism. A thin-layer catalyst of a few nanometers of thickness was deposited on a Ni substrate and a thin-layer electrolyte of 0.1 mm thickness was created using a thin-layer spectroelectrochemical cell. The OER activity, the catalyst composition, and the electrolyte species were investigated together as a function of the Fe deposition time. The results show that trace Fe incorporation favors the formation of β-NiOOH in the thin-layer catalyst and effectively suppresses the dissolution of NiOOH into the electrolyte. The results of double-potential step chronoabsorptometry and cyclic voltabsorptometry demonstrate the potential-dependent formation of a Ni intermediate in the electrolyte and, more importantly, the dissolution suppression effect due to Fe incorporation. These findings link the role of Fe in OER catalysis to the increased insolubility of Ni active sites and highlight the importance of paying close attention to the active-site stability of an electrocatalyst impaired by the electrolyte at a reaction potential.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c00264DOI Listing
May 2020

Novel regulation of miR-34a-5p and HOTAIR by the combination of berberine and gefitinib  leading to inhibition of EMT in human lung cancer.

J Cell Mol Med 2020 05 5;24(10):5578-5592. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Tumor Biology, The Second Clinical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

HOTAIR is an important carcinogenic lncRNA and involves in tumorigenesis, and invasion. MiR-34a-5p functions as a tumour suppressor. However, the underlying mechanism of HOTAIR regulation especially in association with miR-34a-5p in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been explored. Herein, we performed series of in vitro experiments, including viability, migration, invasion, apoptosis and in vivo xenograft model, and identified that HOTAIR was remarkably elevated in NSCLC cells. Enforced HOTAIR expression promoted migration and invasion, while depleted HOTAIR diminished the ability of migration and invasion of NSCLC cells. We also observed that miR-34a-5p was dramatically inhibited in NSCLC cells and the binding correlation between HOTAIR and miR-34a-5p was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. We also showed that induction of miR-34a-5p and reduction of HOTAIR, and the interaction between miR-34a-5p and HOTAIR resulted in the suppression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as illustrated by induction of key epithelial markers E-cadherin expression, reduction of vimentin and EMT-inducing transcription factor snail. Excessive expression of snail resisted miR-34a-5p-inhibited cell growth. Snail binds to E-cadherin promoter and regulates E-cadherin expression. There was a synergy in combination of berberine and gefinitib in this process. Similar findings were also observed in a tumour xenograft model. Collectively, this is the first report demonstrating reciprocal interaction of miR-34a-5p- and HOTAIR-mediated regulation of snail resulting in inhibition of EMT process by the combination of berberine and gefitinib suggesting that regulation of miR-34a-5p- and HOTAIR-mediated inhibition of EMT may provide novel treatment paradigms for lung cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.15214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214156PMC
May 2020

Protective Effect of (L.) Lam. Fruit on Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Ulcerative Colitis in Mice: Role of Keap1/Nrf2 Pathway and Gut Microbiota.

Front Pharmacol 2019 3;10:1602. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Development and Research of Chinese Medicine, Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

(BG), a medicinal mangrove, and its fruit (a food material) (BGF), have traditionally been used to treat diarrhea (also known as ulcerative colitis) in folk medicine. However, the mechanism of action against colitis remains ambiguous. This study aimed to investigate the potential efficacy and mechanism of BGF on experimental colitis. Colitis was induced by oral intake of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and treated with aqueous extract of BGF (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) for a week. The Disease Activity Index (DAI), colon length, and histological changes of colon were analyzed. The inflammatory and oxidative stress status was explored. The protein expression of Nrf2 and Keap1 in the colon was detected by Western blotting. The mRNA expression of Nrf2 downstream genes (, , and ) was determined by RT-PCR. Furthermore, the effect on intestinal flora was analyzed. Results indicated that BGF was rich in pinitol, and showed strong antioxidative activity . Compared with the DSS model, BGF effectively reduced the body weight loss and DAI, restored the colon length, repaired colonic pathological variations, and decreased the histological scores, which was superior to salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP) with smaller dosage. Moreover, BGF not only abated the levels of MDA and inflammatory mediators (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IFN-γ), increased the level of IL-10, but also prevented the depletion of SOD and GSH. BGF upregulated the protein level of nuclear Nrf2 and mRNA levels of , , and , while significantly inhibited the protein expression of Keap1 and cytosolic Nrf2. Besides, BGF promoted the growth of probiotics (, , and ) in the gut, and inhibited the colonization of pathogenic bacteria ( and ), which contributed to the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis. BGF possessed protective effect against DSS-induced colitis. The potential mechanism of BGF may involve the amelioration of inflammatory and oxidative status, activation of Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway, and maintenance of micro-ecological balance of the host. This study provides experimental evidence for the traditional application of BGF in the treatment of diarrhea, and indicates that BGF may be a promising candidate against colitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008401PMC
February 2020

Family Management Style Improves Family Quality of Life in Children With Epilepsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Neurosci Nurs 2020 Apr;52(2):84-90

Introduction: Epilepsy is a common chronic disease with transient brain dysfunction and critically influences the quality of patients' family life. The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of family management style on family quality of life in children.

Methods: We randomized 130 children to either the intervention group (n = 65) or the control group (n = 65). Family management style combined with routine care was applied in the intervention group within the first 24 hours after admission, whereas only routine care was applied in the control group. Family management style contains 3 steps: involve families into the intervention group and determine treatment plan, educate parents on how to manage their family, and monitor quality of home management. Scores on the Beach Center Family Quality of Life Scale (FQOL) of 2 groups were collected at 3 time points: within the first 24 hours after admission (T1), 6 months after discharge (T2), and 12 months after discharge (T3). Repeated-measures analysis of variance of FQOL scores was used to evaluate difference.

Results: Full scores and each subscale's scores on FQOL in the control group and the intervention group at T1 had no statistical significance (P > .05). Scores on FQOL at T2 and T3 increased in the intervention group, but there was almost no change in the control group, with statistical significance between the intervention group and the control group (P < .05). Scores on FQOL at T1, T2, and T3 showed that score of subscale except parenting FQOL improved in the intervention group (P < .05), but no difference was shown in the control group (P > .05). There was no difference shown among the control group and the intervention group that interacted with time (P > .05).

Conclusion: The family management style can effectively improve the family quality of life in children with epilepsy, especially at the satisfaction level of family emotional well-being and disability-related support.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JNN.0000000000000497DOI Listing
April 2020

Oxyberberine, a novel gut microbiota-mediated metabolite of berberine, possesses superior anti-colitis effect: Impact on intestinal epithelial barrier, gut microbiota profile and TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB pathway.

Pharmacol Res 2020 02 19;152:104603. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Development and Research of Chinese Medicine, Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510006, PR China. Electronic address:

Berberine (BBR), a naturally-occurring isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from several Chinese herbal medicines, has been widely used for the treatment of dysentery and colitis. However, its blood concentration was less than 1 %, and intestinal microflora-mediated metabolites of BBR were considered to be the important material basis for the bioactivities of BBR. Here, we investigated the anti-colitis activity and potential mechanism of oxyberberine (OBB), a novel gut microbiota metabolite of BBR, in DSS-induced colitis mice. Balb/C mice treated with 3 % DSS in drinking water to induce acute colitis were orally administrated with OBB once daily for 8 days. Clinical symptoms were analyzed, and biological samples were collected for microscopic, immune-inflammation, intestinal barrier function, and gut microbiota analysis. Results showed that OBB significantly attenuated DSS-induced clinical manifestations, colon shortening and histological injury in the mice with colitis, which achieved similar therapeutic effect to azathioprine (AZA) and was superior to BBR. Furthermore, OBB remarkably ameliorated colonic inflammatory response and intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction. OBB appreciably inhibited TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB signaling pathway through down-regulating the protein expressions of TLR4 and MyD88, inhibiting the phosphorylation of IκBα, and the translocation of NF-κB p65 from cytoplasm to nucleus. Moreover, OBB markedly modulated the gut dysbiosis induced by DSS and restored the dysbacteria to normal level. Taken together, the result for the first time revealed that OBB effectively improved DSS-induced experimental colitis, at least partly through maintaining the colonic integrity, inhibiting inflammation response, and modulating gut microflora profile.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2019.104603DOI Listing
February 2020

Genetic polymorphism and phylogenetic analyses of 21 non-CODIS STR loci in a Chinese Han population from Shanghai.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 02 8;8(2):e1083. Epub 2019 Dec 8.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Short tandem repeats (STRs) are essential genetic markers for forensic applications and population estimations; thus the population genetics of STR loci have been extensively studied and discussed.

Methods: In the present study, we detected 21 autosomal noncombined DNA index system (non-CODIS) STR loci in a Chinese Han population from Shanghai, calculated their forensic parameters and analyzed their genetic relationships with reported reference populations in mainland China.

Results: A total of 173 alleles were observed, with corresponding allele frequencies from 0.0020 to 0.5512. The cumulative power of discrimination (CPD) and the cumulative probability of exclusion (CPE) values of the 21 STR loci were 0.999999999999999999997337058271 and 0.99999953732495, respectively. The results of interpopulation differentiation, phylogenetic, multidimensional scaling, and structure analyses indicated a closer genetic relationship of the studied population with Han populations from other regions of China than with other populations.

Conclusions: The 21 STR loci exhibited high genetic polymorphism in the studied Shanghai_Han population and could be used for forensic applications and population genetic studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.1083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7005660PMC
February 2020

Evaluation of 12 Multi-InDel markers for forensic ancestry prediction in Asian populations.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2019 11 25;43:102155. Epub 2019 Aug 25.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China. Electronic address:

Various types of genetic markers have been applied to forensic ancestry inference. Biallelic markers, such as SNPs and InDels, have proven to be optimal choices except for the low information content provided by a single locus. Multi-InDel marker is defined as a specific DNA fragment with several InDel markers located tightly in the physical position. Previous research indicates that multi-InDel markers perform well in population analysis and ancestry inference because of higher degree of polymorphism and remarkable population differences. In this study, a panel consisting of 12 multi-InDel markers was employed to evaluate the general performance in forensic practice and the discrimination power for population analysis. Sample types encountered in routine forensic practice were genotyped to validate the feasibility of regular use. A population study was performed on a total of five Asian populations to verify the discrimination power. Moreover, a double-blind test for ancestry prediction was conducted to assess the predictive capability. In conclusion, these results revealed the significance of multi-InDel markers for population structure stratification. The present panel showed the potential as a valid complementary tool in forensic applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2019.102155DOI Listing
November 2019

Dihydroberberine, a hydrogenated derivative of berberine firstly identified in Phellodendri Chinese Cortex, exerts anti-inflammatory effect via dual modulation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.

Int Immunopharmacol 2019 Oct 8;75:105802. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Development and Research of Chinese Medicine, Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510006, PR China; Dongguan Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Dongguan 523808, PR China. Electronic address:

Dihydroberberine (DHB), a hydrogenated derivative of berberine (BBR), has been firstly identified in Phellodendri Chinese Cortex (PC) by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Nowadays most researches on PC focus on its main components like BBR, however, the role of its naturally-occurring derivatives remains poorly defined heretofore. The present work aimed to comparatively evaluate the in vivo anti-inflammatory properties and mechanisms of DHB and BBR in three typical inflammatory murine models. The results showed that DHB effectively mitigated acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, xylene-elicited ear edema and carrageenan-caused paw edema. Meanwhile, DHB markedly attenuated the inflammatory cell infiltration in pathological sections of ears and paws. DHB was also observed to significantly decrease the production and mRNA expression levels of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, NO (iNOS) and PGE2 (COX-2), increase the release of IL-10, and inhibit the activation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways. The anti-inflammatory effect of DHB was weaker than that of BBR. The results might further contribute to unraveling the pharmacodynamic basis of PC and support its ethnomedical use in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. DHB possesses good potential to be further developed into a promising anti-inflammatory alternative, and can serve as a lead template for novel anti-inflammatory candidate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2019.105802DOI Listing
October 2019

Forensic age estimation based on the pigmentation in the costal cartilage from human mortal remains.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2019 Sep 16;40:32-36. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address:

Age estimation is considered a crucial and challenging issue in forensic casework. Costal cartilage appears a potential mortal remain in age-at-death estimation attributable to its correlative alteration in color based on pigment accumulation with the advancing age. In this study, samples from the second costal cartilage were collected in a Chinese Han population, and the cross sections were subsequently scanned and digitalized in a standard way. Color change was quantified using mean gray value (MGV), which was measured by Photoshop CS5. After the exclusion of samples with factors which could impair the quality of images and the accuracy of values, a high correlation was demonstrated between age and MGV in samples. A linear regression model (AGE = 173.425-0.755*aveMGV) was established for age prediction, with its performance evaluated using both samples from the training set and the blind test set, in which a mean absolute deviation of 4.42 years and 3.57 years was obtained, respectively. Altogether, MGV could be reckoned as a precise quantification of pigmentation in costal cartilage and an excellent indicator of age prediction in the age interval from 20 to 60 years. Moreover, our strategy appears more user-friendly and accurate, thus exceedingly practical for age estimation in forensic anthropology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.07.004DOI Listing
September 2019

Generation and Reactivity of a One-Electron-Oxidized Manganese(V) Imido Complex with a Tetraamido Macrocyclic Ligand.

Chemistry 2019 Oct 10;25(56):12895-12899. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong SAR, P. R. China.

The synthesis and X-ray structure of a new manganese(V) mesitylimido complex with a tetraamido macrocyclic ligand (TAML), [Mn (TAML)(N-Mes)] (1), are reported. Compound 1 is oxidized by [(p-BrC H ) N] [SbCl ] and the resulting Mn species readily undergoes H-atom transfer and nitrene transfer reactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201902405DOI Listing
October 2019

Using miRNAs and circRNAs to estimate PMI in advanced stage.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2019 May 2;38:51-57. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, PR China. Electronic address:

In our previous study, we evaluated the stability of multi-RNA markers in heart, liver and skeletal muscle tissues of mice within 8 days after death and concluded that microRNAs (miRNAs) and circular (circRNAs) were more stable as reference genes in dead bodies than other kinds of RNAs. Based on their tissue-specific expression, we obtained reference genes for three kinds of tissues: miR-122, miR-133a and 18S in heart tissues; LC-Ogdh, circ-AFF1 and miR-122 in liver tissues; and miR-133a, circ-AFF1 in skeletal muscle tissues. For the estimation of post mortem interval (PMI), we also selected suitable biomarkers, which exhibited the best correlation coefficient with PMI. In our stability analysis of multi-RNA markers, Gapdh, Rps18, U6 and β-actin were unstable and selected as candidate target biomarkers. By analyzing the correlation between the expression levels of candidate target biomarkers and PMI, we obtained suitable target biomarkers for the three kinds of tissues, respectively. Finally, we established mathematical models of PMI estimation using the above selected reference genes and target biomarkers. The low estimated error in the validated samples demonstrated that PMI in advanced stage could be accurately predicted by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) through systematically selected effective reference genes and target biomarkers. Besides, combining the estimated results of various tissues and multi-biomarkers could improve the accuracy of PMI estimation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.04.002DOI Listing
May 2019

Characterization of tissue-specific biomarkers with the expression of circRNAs in forensically relevant body fluids.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Sep 27;133(5):1321-1331. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Messenger RNA (mRNA) markers have been extensively investigated for the identification of forensically relevant body fluids and tissues based on their expression profiles among cell types. As products of the backsplicing of pre-mRNAs, circular RNAs (circRNAs) share exonic sequences with their linear counterparts. The inclusion of circRNAs in mRNA profiling is shown to facilitate the detection of biomarkers in the identification of body fluids. In this study, we identified the expression of circRNAs of 14 out of 45 biomarkers from five body fluid types using outward-facing primer sets and revealed the ratio of circular to total transcripts of biomarkers by RNase R treatment. Furthermore, our results of qPCR analysis show that the inclusion of circRNAs in the detection of biomarkers, including HBA and ALAS2 for blood; MMP7 and MMP10 for menstrual blood; HTN3 for saliva; SPINK5, SERPINB3, ESR1, and CYP2B7P1 for vaginal secretions; TGM4, KLK3, and PRM2 for semen; and SLC22A6 and MIOX for urine, does not impair the specificity of these biomarkers. Additionally, a high copy number of targets from linear transcripts could be employed to increase the detection sensitivity of TGM4 and KLK3 with a low expression level of circRNAs in urine samples. Altogether, these results will help with the development of robust multiplex assays for body fluid identification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02027-yDOI Listing
September 2019